Nouvelles des Membres

The Trinidad and Tobago Meteorological Service (TTMS) of the Ministry of Public Utilities hosted its 2016 Dry Season - National Climate Outlook Forum in Tobago on Thursday 19th November 2015. The event was held in partnership with the Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI), and the Tobago Emergency Management Agency (TEMA) of the Tobago House of Assembly in Scarborough, Tobago, as part of the Global Framework for Climate Services.

The National Climate Outlook Forum is a WMO-spearheaded initiative designed to strengthen and increase the provision of seasonal outlooks at both the regional and national level. The programme aims to ensure that weather and climate information are integrated into decision making and planning in key climate sensitive sectors such as agriculture, water management, energy, health and disaster risk reduction. In view of the recent low rainfall performance in Tobago and some areas of Trinidad, the NCOF presented critical information needed to plan adequately for the upcoming 2016 Dry Season.


In November and December, Paris will host the negotiations for an agreement to mitigate climate change and its impacts. In addition to nature, climate warming also affects the economy and people's everyday lives. Climate change increases societal risks and makes anticipating them more difficult.

"Risks can be linked to powerful weather phenomena such as floods or storms, or they can progress slowly like poorer farming conditions as a consequence of increasing drought or changes in fish species as a result of warming. Or there can be broader consequences such as increasing inequality," says Head of Group at the Finnish Meteorological Institute Heikki Tuomenvirta.

Jakarta, Indonesia, After having a consultation with the WWRP (World Weather Research Program) of WMO concerning the activity within the Joint Working Group on Forecast Verification Research (JWGFVR), it was agreed that a roving seminar on forecast verification would be held in Asia, and Indonesia was in a short list of possible host nations for this seminar. Therefore, on 17-19 November 2015, a Roving Seminar on Weather Forecast Verification In Support of Global Framework For Climate Services (GFCS) was held in Jakarta, Indonesia. This seminar is expected to be a forum that serves as a practical exchange on knowledge in new techniques in verification to enhance capability of forecasters, the outcome of which will be used as a reference in improving the accuracy and quality of the forecast.

ICIMOD took another step in improving the quality of hydrometeorological data collection that will contribute to reducing flood vulnerabilities in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) countries. In collaboration with the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the United States Geological Survey (USGS) and ICIMOD member countries, ICIMOD trained 20 operational hydrologists from the national hydro-meteorological services (NHMS) of Bangladesh, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan in correctly measuring stream discharge. The training was organized by ICIMOD and WMO, hosted by the Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM) Nepal and held in Dhulikhel from 27 September to 2 October 2015. Experts from the USGS and ICIMOD conducted the training.

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In a unique event, participants from Indonesia’s Climate Field Schools gathered to share their experience and testimony at an event to inform the public about Climate Field School activities during 2014. The ceremony was held in the Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics of the Republic of Indonesia (BMKG) building in Jakarta, 19 October 2015.

“Before i joined Climate Fields School, I just grow the paddy rice without thinking of anything. I have stagnant result every year. But after I am joining CFS and I learn about climate and weather, I can increase my crops yield. Before, I got 4 tons/ha but now I got 8.6 tons/ha” said Yayah, one of the farmer and Climate Field School participant in 2014 (CFS 2014).

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The meeting organized by Roshydromet in cooperation with WMO is a part of WMO event series dedicated to GFCS (Global Framework for Climate Services). Uniting the efforts of the experts from national hydrometeorological services in the region and consumers of climate information in the priority sectors of the GFCS was the main goal of the meeting held in Sochi on 19-21 October. It set the task to identify priorities for more efficient production and use of global, regional and national climate information and forecasting by all stakeholders in sectors of the economy that depends on climate and social sphere in countries of North Eurasia.

The 2015 Short Rains (October–December) are likely to be enhanced in most parts of the country with varied levels of impacts in the socio-economic sectors. In some parts of the rains are expected to continue into early 2016. The distribution is also expected to be good both in time and space. While the heavy rains may cause disruptions, some sectors may reap maximum benefits from the expected good rains depending on their levels of preparedness.

El Niño conditions are currently present in the eastern and central equatorial Pacific Ocean (the Niño areas). Rainfall performance of the “Short Rains” (October-November-December (OND)) 2015 season will be

driven by the evolving El Niño conditions coupled with the warming of the Sea Surface Temperatures (SSTs) in the western Equatorial Indian Ocean adjacent to the East African coastline. Much of the country is therefore likely to experience highly enhanced rainfall that is likely to cause serious flooding over various flood prone parts of the country. However, there are a few regions that are likely to experience just

normal rainfall with a tendency to above normal.

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El Niño conditions are present. Positive equatorial sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies continue across most of the Pacific Ocean. Prediction of the effect of the phenomenon on the expected short rains periods indicate enhanced rainfall over most parts of the country. However, the rainfall intensity is not likely to reach that of 1997.

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The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) promotes monitoring climate change.

JMA has issued "Climate Change Monitoring Report" every year informing the latest status of climate change in Japan and the world, greenhouse gases and the ozone layer. These reports are expected to help readers such as policy makers and researchers to obtain better understanding of the latest status of the climate and further to take measures against the global warming and for protection of the global environment.

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The nationwide mean temperature (25.2℃) in August 2015 was 0.1℃ above normal and the nationally-averaged precipitation (111.1 mm) was 41.5 % of normal.

The nationwide mean temperature (23.7℃) in Summer 2015 was 0.1℃ above normal and the nationally-averaged precipitation (388.0 mm) was 54.1 % of normal.

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