A mature and strong El Niño is now present in the tropical Pacific Ocean and is likely to strengthen further.
News / Press releases
Current Situation and Outlook
A mature and strong El Niño is now present in the tropical Pacific Ocean. The majority of international climate outlook models suggest that the 2015-16 El Niño is likely to strengthen further before the end of the year. Models and expert opinion suggest that surface water temperatures in the east-central tropical Pacific Ocean are likely to exceed 2° Celsius above average, potentially placing this El Niño event among the four strongest events since 1950 (1972-73, 1982-83, 1997-98). National Meteorological and Hydrological Services and other agencies will continue to monitor the conditions over the tropical Pacific for further El Niño evolution and will assess the most likely local impacts.
The documentary “Adapting to a changing climate” highlights the growing recognition of the need for adaptation to climate change around the world. It is translated into nine languages, including the six UN languages (Arabic, Chinese, English French, Russian, and Spanish) as well as Portuguese, Bengali and Hindi.
This 20-minute documentary highlights the growing recognition of the need for action to adapt to climate change around the world and introduces viewers to the topic of climate change adaptation by weaving inspiring stories of adaptation action together with interviews with experts. In June, it won a gold award at the prestigious Deauville Green Awards.
The combined globally averaged temperature over land and ocean surfaces for January to July 2015, and for the month of July, was the highest on record for the period, driven by continuing high sea surface temperatures, according to the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
NOAA said the January-July 2015 global average temperature was 0.85°C (1.53°F) above the 20th century average. The July 2015 temperature was 0.81°C (1.46°C) above the 20th century average for July. As July is climatologically the warmest month for the year, this was also the all-time highest monthly temperature in the 1880-2015 record, at 16.61°C (61.86°F).
The globally averaged temperature over land and ocean surfaces for January to June 2015, as well as for the month of June, was the hottest such period on record, according to the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
The average temperature for the six-month period was 0.85°C (1.53°F) above the 20th century average of 15.5°C (59.9°F), surpassing the previous record set in 2010 by 0.09°C (0.16°F). The average global sea surface temperature of +0.65°C (+1.17°F) for the year-to-date was the highest for January–June on record, surpassing the previous record of 2010 by 0.04°C (0.07°F). The average land surface temperature of +1.40°C (2.52°F) was also record high, surpassing the previous record of 2007 by 0.13°C (0.23°F), according to NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information.
The Third Pacific Meteorological Council opened in the Kingdom of Tonga today bringing together over 100 Pacific Met Directors, partners and stakeholders to strengthen the path ahead for Pacific Meteorology under the theme - “Sustainable Weather and Climate Services for a Resilient Pacific.” This event reaches a historic milestone in that it will be followed by the very first Pacific Ministers Meeting on Meteorology. “Our capacity to manage natural hazard impacts and bounce back and improve our development pathways through timely and accurate weather, climate and water services makes it necessary to improve the capacities of National Meteorology and Hydrological Services in the Pacific region,” said the Hon. Siaosi Sovaleni, the Deputy Prime Minister of Tonga as he opened the four day event.“There is an urgent need to improve infrastructure and human resources to enable National Meteorological and Hydrological Services to make the most of advances in science and technology to improve weather, climate water and related environmental services.”
The aim of the PMC is to help coordinate facilitation of meterological services in support of development agendas, contributing to the strengthening of community resilience. It will also discuss ways to continue to implement the Pacific Island Meteorological Strategy.
An international action plan to improve predictions of weather, climate and ice conditions in Polar regions has been agreed in an effort to minimize the risks and maximize the opportunities associated with rapid changes in the Arctic and Antarctic environments.
A conference from 13-15 July, which grouped operational weather and climate prediction centres, environmental experts, researchers, funding agencies and the shipping and tourist sectors, finalized plans for a Year of Polar Prediction. This will take place from mid-2017 to mid-2019 (in order to cover an entire year in both the Arctic and Antarctic) and will seek to accelerate and consolidate research, observing, modelling, verification and educational activities as part of a wider Polar Prediction Project.
WMO welcomes the advent of a new generation of geostationary meteorological satellites, which will make a major contribution to weather prediction and prevention and mitigated of weather-related disasters.
The Himawari-8 geostationary meteorological satellite managed by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) began operation at 02 UTC on 7 July 2015, replacing the previous MTSAT-2 operational satellite. The true-color composite imagery at 02 UTC captured three typhoons in the Pacific.
Rapid changes in the Arctic and Antarctic environments, which impact on the whole globe, have prompted a concerted international drive to improve weather and climate service delivery for polar regions.
The World Meteorological Organization hosts a conference from 13 to 15 July to finalize plans for a Year of Polar Prediction which will seek to accelerate and consolidate research, observing, modeling, verification and educational activities as part of a wider Polar Prediction Project.
A major scientific conference “Our Common Future under Climate Change” opened on 7 July in Paris at the height of an intense, extensive and long-lasting European heatwave, which is consistent with the expected impacts of global warming.
The four-day conference is the largest scientific forum ahead of the climate change negotiations due to take place in Paris in December 2015. It addresses key issues concerning climate change in the broader context of global change and focusses on moving from present knowledge to future solutions.