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Climate Outlook, Drought Management and Water Users Forums
The South Asian Climate Outlook Forum (SASCOF) has issued its seasonal outlook, predicting below-average rainfall over large tracts of South Asia during the forthcoming summer monsoon. The Forum was attended by climate experts as well as drought managers and flood forecasters to help contingency planning in the water sector.
The Southwest monsoon accounts for 70-80 percent of annual rainfall in most countries of South Asia. It is a key driver of socio-economic development and well-being in the world’s most densely-populated region which is regularly hit by devastating flooding and damaging droughts.
Farmers and experts attending the Workshop on Improving Climate Services for Farmers in Africa and South Asia have adopted the Kampala Declaration on promoting cross-regional cooperation on the sharing and use of knowledge on climate products and services. The Declaration was inspired by the growing recognition that significant progress has been made in weather and climate forecasting. The Kampala Declaration is available here.
The Declaration established the Regional Network of Farmers of Africa and South Asia, or RENOFASA, to develop an implementation plan for promoting cooperation, disseminating weather and climate information and services to farmers in a timely manner through information and communications technologies, organizing training seminars, and establishing advisory teams to interact with farmers and improve the uptake of weather and climate services. The Government of Uganda has offered to support the establishment of an office to support RENOFASA.
New Zealand Temperature of -25.6°C on 17 July 1903 confirmed as Coldest in Southwest Pacific Region 16 April 2015
Discovery and analysis of historic weather data strengthens climate knowledge
GENEVA 16 April 2015 (WMO) - A World Meteorological Organization panel has concluded that a temperature of -25.6°C observed at Eweburn, Ranfurly in New Zealand on 17 July 1903 holds the record as the coldest temperature recorded for the Southwest Pacific Region.
Over the last several months, a WMO international committee of experts conducted an in-depth investigation of the extreme for the Southwest Pacific region (WMO Region 5). The investigation was conducted with the support of New Zealand’s National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) for the WMO Commission for Climatology’s World Archive of Weather and Climate Extremes, the official site for weather and climate extreme records.
WMO’s Hurricane Committee is meeting to review the 2014 hurricane season in the Atlantic and Eastern North Pacific basins, to prepare for the forthcoming one and to strengthen warnings of hazards such as storm surges and coastal flooding.
The Republic of Costa Rica is hosting the 37th session on 13-17 April 2015, attended by about 50 participants from 27 Members. The Hurricane Committee covers North America, Central America and the Caribbean. It is one of the five regional tropical cyclone bodies under the WMO Tropical Cyclone Programme. WMO’s Regional Specialized Meteorological Center (RSMC) in Miami is the designated centre for hurricane forecasting advisories to Members in the region.
Papua New Guinea has held its first successful National Climate Outlook Forum under a WMO-spearheaded initiative to strengthen and increase the provision of seasonal outlooks at both regional and national level. The programme, financed by Environment Canada, aims to ensure that weather and climate information are integrated into decision making for sectors such as agriculture, water management, health and disaster risk reduction.
The Forum, which was hosted by Papua New Guinea’s Weather Service, brought together government and United Nations agencies, Non-Governmental Organizations, the private sector, and research and education institutions. It provided a timely platform to discuss weather and climate related risks and benefits for sustainable development, public safety and protection of property.
The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO inaugurated the new JCOMMOPS centre with the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) on 18 March 2015. The in situ Observing Platform Support Centre of the Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMMOPS), which monitors ocean observing networks, is thus moving it’s centre of gravity from Toulouse to Brest in order to be closer to the high concentration of ocean professionals on the French coast.
Report Released for World Meteorological Day: Climate Knowledge for Climate Action
Record ocean heat, high land-surface temperatures and devastating flooding were some of the defining characteristics of the global climate in 2014, which was nominally the warmest year on record, although by a very small margin, according to a detailed analysis by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
The WMO Statement on the Status of the Global Climate in 2014 confirmed the continuation of the warming trend over the past few decades, with 14 of the 15 hottest years on record occurring this century.
Climate Knowledge for Climate Action is the theme of World Meteorological Day on 23 March, highlighting both recent advances in climate science and the need for decisive measures to limit climate change.
Ceremonies and events around the world will showcase the contribution of National Meteorological Services to safety, well-being and sustainable development.
Over the last twelve months, thousands of lives have been saved around the world by improved weather forecasting, early-warning systems and disaster readiness. The economic benefits of climate services such as seasonal outlooks have been worth hundreds of millions of dollars.
Death, destruction and displacement wrought by natural disasters would be significantly reduced by 2030 under a new framework adopted by countries attending the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, in Sendai, Japan, where they also affirmed the “urgent and critical need” to anticipate, plan for and reduce such risk to more effectively protect people, communities and countries, and to build resilience.
Adopting the Sendai Declaration and Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030after days of discussions and a final 30-hour negotiating session, 187 UN Member States attending the Conference approved seven targets, four priorities and a set of guiding principles, underscoring that substantial reduction of disaster risk requires perseverance and persistence, “with a more explicit focus on people and their health and livelihoods, and regular follow up.”