Outcomes of EC-LXII world map

WMO Executive CouncilMajor outcomes of the sixty-second session

(Geneva, 8-18 June 2010)


The session was the third session of the 15th financial period (2008-2011) and the last before the Sixteenth World Meteorological Congress (Cg XVI). The Council worked on the basis of directives of Cg XV and previous ECs on the Organization’s goals and activities, particularly through the WMO Strategic Plan, the WMO Secretariat Operating Plan, and the WMO results-based budget for 2008-2011, as well as on the preparatory documents framing the sixteenth financial period in support of the WMO Strategic Plan 2012-2015 and translated in the WMO Operating Plan and Budget.

Several important items in the agenda of the session required the Council’s decision for actions in various areas, such as: (a) the development of the next WMO Strategic Plan and the results-based strategic planning process of the Organization, including policy and strategic guidance to technical commissions; (b) role of technical commissions and regional associations in developing a WMO-wide Operating Plan; (c) mechanism for monitoring and evaluation of programme performance in the context of results-based management; (d) role and contribution of WMO and the Members’ National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) in solving global and regional-scale problems; and (e) efficiency and effectiveness of WMO working methods, including the work of constituent bodies.

The Council emphasized the enhanced WMO's role in the UN-coordinated response to climate change thanks to the success of the World Climate Conference-3 (WCC-3), held 31 August - 4 September 2009 in Geneva. Based on the High-Level Taskforce recommendations, the implementation of Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) endorsed at the WCC-3 will be a strategic dimension of WMO activities during the next financial period and beyond.

The Council reviewed the activities of WMO since its last session (June 2009) and addressed the challenges facing the Organization and NMHSs. The major outcomes of the session, which are highlighted below, also provide a broad framework for WMO’s areas of focus during the remainder of this financial period.


Enhanced capabilities of Members to produce better weather forecasts and warnings
Expected Result: 1

The Council stressed the need for ensuring the long-term sustainability of the benefits gained with the Severe Weather Forecasting Demonstration Project (SWFDP), through making the transition into routine operations of the project’s successful elements.  It therefore requested CBS to further develop the strategy and appropriate documentation related to the SWFDP, including possible options for collaborating with existing infrastructure, regional operational centres and committees for consideration by Sixteenth Congress.

The Council recalled that, at its sixty-first session (June 2009), it had noted that funds necessary to extend existing SWFDP projects and to commence new ones were very limited, and had therefore urged Members to seek funds from potential development partners and other agencies that stand to benefit from the important results of the SWFDP.  The Council requested the Secretary-General to promote resource mobilization to further support the implementation and expansion of the SWFDP and partnerships with aid donors.  Additionally, it recommended that efforts continue to be made by the Secretary-General to optimizing activities across WMO Programmes, and urged relevant programmes to collaboratively support further SWFDP development.

The Council approved for implementation the amendment to the Manual on the Global Data-processing and Forecasting System, Volume I, related to the designation of CPTEC (Sao Paulo, Brazil) as a Global Producing Centres (GPC) for Long-range Forecasts (LRF).

Noting the operational nature of the Global Producing Centres (GPCs) for Long-Range Forecasts and that they would be expected to play a major role within the context of the proposed Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS), the Council requested CBS to develop, in consultation with the relevant technical commissions, Terms of Reference for GPCs to include responsibility for predictions for time-scales longer than seasonal.  The Council encouraged GPCs to improve the usefulness of products by increasing their useful resolution.  It also requested CBS, in collaboration with CCl, to guide the uptake of GPC products within the RCC and NMHS activities for operational climate prediction.

Recognizing the need for close interaction between the users and regulators of services for aviation, the Council endorsed the work plan of the new CAeM Task Team on User Needs, which would work with ICAO, IATA, IFALPA and other stakeholders in establishing user requirements.

The Council recognized that operational tropical cyclone forecasting, particularly intensity forecasting, was still a serious challenge to the tropical cyclone warning centres in all the basins.  To improve the forecasting of these situations, the Council recommended that R&D, and technology transfer to operational forecasting be pursued, as well as ensuring interactions between researchers and operational forecasters through international forums, such as the International Workshop on Tropical Cyclones (IWTC), the International Workshop on Tropical Cyclone Landfall Processes.

The Council recognized that probabilistic forecast of ocean wave height provides early guidance of extreme events, and the combined use of deterministic and probabilistic wave forecast guidance would help the NMHSs in their risk assessment at an early stage in forecasting and improving marine-related decision-making processes.  The Council urged Members of advanced centres to provide these forecasts and technical expertise for building capacity in the implementation and use of such products in the marine forecasting process, and to encourage feedback.

The Council reinforced the importance of an integrated effort for developing and improving forecasting capabilities and service delivery in coastal risk reduction by making use of existing frameworks or projects, including the SWFDP, especially in coastal inundation-prone regions.  The Council requested JCOMM/CHy to look for synergies between Coastal Inundation Forecast Demonstration Project (CIFDP) and tsunami inundation mitigation projects that are being carried out.

The Council recognized the increased scope of the WWRP and requested that CAS and the Secretary-General take this issue into careful consideration and to prioritize activities accordingly. The Council also urged Members’ support and assistance in seeking funds from potential research and development partners and from other agencies that stand to benefit from the important results of WWRP activities.

The Council urged a transition of the nowcasting research activities of WWRP from radar-based nowcasting toward nowcasting research projects that include satellite-based estimates of heavy rainfall and the integration of a variety of observational platforms (e.g., radars, satellite, and other in-situ observations).  The Council urged collaboration between Members on this type of nowcasting research, including the development of WWRP RDPs and FDPs with links, when appropriate, to CBS.

The Council noted the growth in Members who have regional modelling capabilities for high resolution prediction for urban areas and growing populations at risk in flood plains, coastal regions and mountain basin with corresponding changes to the future of mesoscale forecasting research in WWRP.  The Council urged that a consolidated report specifically covering these topics be prepared by CAS and, as appropriate, subsequent submission to Sixteenth Congress.

The Council commended the successful establishment of the THORPEX GIFS-TIGGE databases and acknowledged the contributions of the data providers and archive centres. The Council urged collaboration on research and development of products using GIFS-TIGGE databases for prediction of tropical cyclones, heavy rainfall and other high impact events as well as participation of operational modelling centres in contributing to the Limited Area Modelling extension of TIGGE, called TIGGE LAM (Limited Area Modelling) to enable researchers to test whether the benefits of the TIGGE approach extends to high resolution modelling.

The Council acknowledged the rapid progress of the research in the area of spatial verification methods, which are central to verifying, assessing the information content and detecting systematic errors in predictions made by high resolution (km-scale) numerical weather prediction models. The Council requested CBS to consider, with a high priority, the introduction of such methods in reference materials provided to Members for the verification of their higher resolution forecasts.


Enhanced capabilities of Members to provide better climate predictions and assessments
Expected Result: 2

The Council considered the Executive Summary of the WMO Position Paper on the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) and highlighted the important role of NMHSs in the provision of meteorological (weather and climate) and hydrological services in accordance with the WMO Convention. The Council noted with satisfaction that the contribution of relevant programmes and activities of WMO have been adequately reflected in the Position Paper, ensuring a strong role for the WMO Programmes in supporting the various components of GFCS. The Council requested the Secretary General to appropriately reflect these views in the Position Paper and submit it to the High-level Taskforce on GFCS.

The Council agreed that WMO would be required to take steps to prepare the Organization, including its technical commissions, programmes and co-sponsored programmes, to meet the requirements of the GFCS, and that these efforts would require internal oversight and coordination. Pending the outcomes of the High-level Taskforce recommendations and its consideration by Cg-XVI, the Council adopted a resolution on the Establishment of WMO provisional mechanisms for oversight on and response to establishment and implementation of the GFCS. The Council noted that the full terms of reference for these groups should be revised at EC-LXIII (2011), in line with relevant decisions made at the Sixteenth World Meteorological Congress.

The Council urged all Members to actively contribute to the WMO Annual Statement on the Status of the Global Climate, which has been regularly published since 1993, through the provision of regular monthly, seasonal and annual summaries on extreme weather and climate events. The Council requested CCl to develop guidelines with appropriate formats and suitable mechanisms for the Members to follow when submitting their national contributions.

The Council expressed satisfaction on the launch of the Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX) by the WCRP Task Force on Regional Climate Downscaling which aims at fostering coordination between regional downscaling efforts around the world, and assessing and understanding the sources of uncertainty in Regional Climate Downscaled (RCD) projections. The Council proposed that teams with regional expertise, including from the user community, be formed by the regional associations and in collaboration with the relevant technical commissions, to develop regional diagnostics and evaluate the simulations to understand whether the downscaling technique is suitable and can be implemented for each of the WMO Regional Associations.

The Council noted the planned holding of the WCRP Open Science Conference in October 2011, in Denver, Colorado, USA.  In order to ensure input of the demand side of climate prediction and services, the Council urged CCl to take an active part in the event, and to contribute to the deliberations of the conference.

The Council requested that the JSCs of the WWRP and the WCRP and also the THORPEX ICSC set up an appropriate collaborative structure to carry out an international research initiative on sub-seasonal to seasonal forecasting to address the research topics outlined by CAS-XV. The Council urged Members to support the CAS-XV proposal to hold a major international conference on parameterization for large-scale models. The Council also urged all Members to coordinate their efforts to ensure effective support to the outcomes from the IPY-THORPEX cluster of projects and from the planned THORPEX Polar Legacy Project.

The Council took note of the outcomes of a survey on GPC products and services and aligned itself with the conclusions that the uptake of GPC products and services could be significantly improved by: (i) an extended LRF-related data exchange including hind-cast data; (ii) the development of guidance material on, and tools for, the use of GPC products; (iii) an expansion of operational verification measures by GPC; and (iv) dedicated training and capacity building. The Council urged CCl and CBS to develop guidance on the use and verification of GPC products by Members, requesting an enhanced access of such GPC products to WMO Members.

The Council was informed of the completion of the draft of ‘Heat Waves and Health: Guidance on Warning System Development’, and that it is proposed to co-publish this Guidance document with WHO:  The Council requested the Secretary-General to facilitate publication of the report of the inter-comparison of models for heat-health warning systems (HHWS) and to ensure its broad distribution to Members.

The Council noted with appreciation that CCl had finalized the third edition of the Guide to Climatological Practices (WMO-No. 100), and adopted a resolution on Third Edition of the Guide to Climatological Practices (WMO-No. 100) and Amendment to the WMO Technical Regulations (WMO-No. 49), Volumes I, II and III.

The Council noted the proposed structure of the future WCP that should be based on the essential elements of the future GFCS thereby including GCOS, WCRP and a proposed World Climate Services Programme possibly created out of the existing activities under WCDMP, the WCASP and the CLIPS project. The Council also agreed that the detailed components of the future WCP, however, should be finalized as the report of HLT on the details of GFCS structure becomes available and WMO’s position should be consulted widely.


Enhanced capabilities of Members to provide better hydrological forecasts and assessments
Expected Result: 3

The Council welcomed the delivery of a wide range of guidance material to NMHSs which were very useful in the implementation of the Hydrology and Water Resources Programme and were essential under the Quality Management Framework (Hydrology). The Council expressed the need for water resources assessment to take into account climate change and requested CHy to include these considerations in the guidance material being developed.

The Council noted the progress made in the implementation of various HYCOS projects, in particular the current plans for developing phase III for SADC-HYCOS and phase II for Niger-HYCOS as well as starting the implementation of IGAD-HYCOS and Hindu-Kush Himalaya HYCOS, as well as the new developments in the Senegal-HYCOS, South East Asia-HYCOS (SEA-HYCOS), Congo–HYCOS and the progress in WHYCOS programme including activities under the Carib-HYCOS and requested the Secretary-General to extend his support to the new components (projects), to address the need of the transboundary basins in these regions. The Council requested the Secretary-General to make efforts to secure additional extra budgetary funds to support the WHYCOS programme and to invite other donors to join their efforts in promoting it.

The Council urged those Member countries with flash flood warning issues to consider adopting the Flash Flood Guidance System (FFGS) approach and requested the Secretariat to provide assistance in this regard. The Council requested CHy to develop guidance material on the characteristics of the various approaches to Flash Flood Guidance so that Members could be better informed of the applicability and capabilities of various systems.

The Council noted the CHy contribution to WIGOS/WIS and appreciated the action taken to integrate SADC-HYCOS and the SARFFG as a pilot project under WIGOS/WIS. The Council requested the Secretary-General to provide the necessary support to the CHy pilot project and based on the evaluation of the pilot project take steps to implement such projects in other regions.


Integration of WMO Observing Systems
Expected Result: 4

The Council noted the levelling out in the global implementation of the Regional Basic Synoptic Networks (RBSN) and the Regional Basic Climatological Networks (RBCN) although the implementation of RBSN/RBCN and the availability of data varied from Region to Region. The Council encouraged Members, in coordination with CCl and CBS, to expand the RBCN and increase availability of data from existing RBCN stations.

The Council noted progress in the development of guidance material for GRUAN sites aiming at full description of their operations and commended the close collaboration of the GRUAN community with CIMO, CBS and WIGOS project in developing a “GRUAN Guide of Operations” and relevant updates to the Manual on the GOS (WMO-No. 544), the Guide to the GOS (WMO-No. 488) and the WMO Guide to Instruments and Methods of Observation (WMO-No. 8).

Taking into account the cost-effectiveness of AMDAR observations and the potential to provide a better distribution of profile data, the Council requested Members to collect AMDAR data also from outside their national territories, in compliance with national laws and regulations, and to exchange these on the GTS. The Council further requested Members to enhance the cost-effectiveness of AMDAR observations by implementing a data optimization system.

The Council strongly recommended that the Dobson, Brewer and ozonesonde networks be maintained and that the data quality be assured through standards and regular intercomparisons.  The Council encouraged Members to contribute to the Brewer Trust Fund.

The Council appreciated the current efforts of the GAW Scientific Advisory Group on Reactive Gases and national partners in building a global reactive gas observational network making high quality measurements, currently concentrating on reactive nitrogen and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). It encouraged Members to undertake measurements and for the Secretariat to continue work with the Bureau of International Weights and Measures (BIPM) in making standards available.

The Council recalled that the eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano had a huge impact on air traffic across Northern Europe during April and May 2010, and emphasized that WIGOS should be designed and implemented in a way that can respond to emerging and high priority requirements such as the observation of volcanic ash.

The Council urged CCl, CBS, CIMO and CAS to develop a joint mechanism with GCOS to address their priority activities with consideration of the ones already covered by AOPC, OOPC and TOPC in order to avoid duplication.  It requested the Secretary-General to provide support for this joint collaboration within the existing regular budget.

In order to improve marine safety services through issuing of better forecasts and warnings of important wave variables in developing countries participating in JCOMM, the Council requested Members to assist, through the VCP, in the development of coastal wave observing capabilities in those countries for use in satellite products and ocean models validation.

The Council expressed its concern about the significant occurrence of intentional or unintentional damage to platforms used for ocean observation and marine scientific research and urged Members to help promote understanding of the impacts which seriously undermine efforts to establish national and regional ocean hazard warning systems and coordinate with relevant organizations to take necessary action.

The Council urged its Members to sustain hydrological networks in support of all hydrological applications, including water resources assessment, climate applications, hazard mitigation and prevention and land use impact assessment.  Members and urged them to increase the availability of datasets at international data centres, by working with the relevant national and international agencies.

The Council recognized the need to inform and engage a broad partnership to secure the IPY legacy and requested EC-PORS to continue to seek Members’ ideas for an IPD. The Council noted activities and plans of EC-PORS in support of Polar observations, research and services and adopted its revised terms of reference in a resolution.

The Council also noted the importance of the space-based observing infrastructure for all WMO Members and agreed that greater emphasis should be placed on discussion of critical satellite matters in the agenda of all WMO constituent body sessions, and adopted a Resolution on “Schedule of Consultative Meetings on High-Level Policy on Satellite Matters” to that effect.

The Council requested CIMO to consider conducting an intercomparison on solid precipitation measurements in the context of the development of standards for solid precipitations and to seek the concurrence of its members to consider further developing these classifications as common WMO-ISO standards as they would help in assessing and improving the quality of data originating from WMO-own, cosponsored and non-WMO observing networks. It also requested Members to participate in the radar “data and algorithms comparison” to cover the widest possible range of technology.

The Council stressed the importance of continued coordination of the WMO activities at the regional and international level for the defence of the radio frequency bands essential for the implementation of the WMO Programmes and meteorological activities. The Council requested the Secretary-General to give a high-level of priority to this subject, to enhance the Secretariat support to the coordination of these activities,  to improve the level of visibility of radio frequency issues and to better inform external stakeholders on the importance of radio frequency for the meteorological community, in particular at the ITU level.

The Council reviewed the updated versions of the WIGOS Development and Implementation Plan (WDIP) and the WIGOS Concept of Operations (CONOPS), respectively, and urged the Secretary-General to make a concise version of these documents available in all WMO working languages for the next Congress. The Council requested regional associations and technical commissions to incorporate WIGOS implementation activities into their operating plans and work programmes.

The Council recommended that an Inter-Commission Coordination Group on WIGOS (ICG-WIGOS) be established for this purpose immediately after Cg-XVI, endorsed the inclusion of the Manual on WIGOS in the list of mandatory publications for consideration by Sixteenth Congress and requested the Secretary-General, in close coordination with the chairperson of the EC WG/WIGOS-WIS, to ensure that the necessary follow-up actions on WIGOS-WIS implementation were taken, including preparation of the comprehensive report for consideration by Sixteenth Congress.


Development and implementation of the new WMO Information System
Expected Result:  5

The Council noted that the Performance Indicators for WIS implementation, which include meeting the milestones established by Congress XV, were mostly on track, but highlighted the need to address those at risk of being delayed, particularly, the development of a Guidelines on WIS. It stressed the importance of having the first batch of operational WIS centres to be designated by Congress in 2011. As of March 2010, the number of centres identified lies at 13 GISCs and 113 DCPCs.  Eight of the GISCs planned to be preoperational by the Cg-XVI.  The Council invited the Members operating these centres to demonstrating their capabilities of candidate WIS centres at the CBS Extraordinary Session (2010), with a view to a formal designation by Cg-XVI in 2011. The Council also urged Technical Comissions and Regional Associations to actively pursue their contributions to the refinement of WIS User Requirements. The Council noted that the additional support from the Secretariat for WIS implementation has been due largely to the generosity of Members through in-kind contributions, staff secondment and through contributions to the WIS Trust Fund and emphasised that for addressing the critical issues over the next two years, the cost of providing the WIS Project Office and contractors will require 500’000 CHF extra budgetary resources.

The Council expressed its appreciation for the extensive implementation and significant technological upgrades of satellite-based multipoint telecommunications systems.  The DVB-S infrastructure for satellite data and products currently includes EUMETCast (EUMETSAT) broadcast services over Europe, Africa and provisionally part of America; FengYunCast (China) services over the Asia Pacific area and MITRA (Russian Federation) over Northern Asia.  The Council encouraged their further development and expansion as operational components of the WIS architecture, and it supported implementation of WIS metadata and catalogue interoperability standards.

The Council noted that WMO Member countries informed the Secretariat of difficulties that they were experiencing in meeting the deadline of November 2010 to complete the migration of the data category 1 (SYNOP, TEMP, PILOT and CLIMAT) from Traditional Alphanumerical Codes (TAC) to Table-Driven Code Forms (TDCF).  The Council invited CBS to consider measures with a view to ensuring that all WMO Members continue accessing the observational data available on the GTS in the appropriate format as well as to facilitate and foster the migration from TAC to TDCF.

The Council requested Members to increase their support to safeguard the old climate records and make them available for research and applications in the digitized electronic format and urged Members and the Secretariat to continue the support given to the developing and least developed countries to implement Data Rescue (DARE).

The Council recognized that new and evolving requirements in the quantity, quality, timeliness and space-time resolution of climate data are emerging as a response to the newly established Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS).  The Council further urged CCl, in cooperation with other technical commissions, WCRP and GCOS to consider the most appropriate ways to address this matter.


Enhanced Capabilities of Members in Multi-Hazard Early Warning SystemS and Disaster Prevention and Preparedness
Expected Result: 6

In reference to the decision of the Fifteenth Congress of WMO (Cg-XV) regarding WMO strategic priorities and implementation approach in disaster risk reduction (DRR), the Council noted with satisfaction the DRR Programme’s progress with the development of a systematic approach engaging WMO Programmes, constituent bodies, Members, NMHSs and external partners to implement DRR strategic priorities through national projects with a strong regional cooperation framework. . The Council requested the Secretary-General to leverage partnerships with agencies such as UN-International Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction (UN-ISDR), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the World Bank, working with national disaster risk management (DRM) mechanisms to analyse national DRM capacities and coordination mechanisms and identify opportunities for NMHSs partnerships.

In reference to the request of Cg-XV related to the implementation of the DRR Programme through regional and national projects, the Council:

  • endorsed the six-phased result-based WMO DRR Project Management Framework including project identification, planning, implementation, reporting and evaluation, sustainability and expansion and a number of criteria considered for initiation of projects;

    endorsed DRR Programme’s Resource Mobilization Strategy which involves: (i) identification of strategic donors and understanding of their priorities and interests in investing in DRR projects in different regions; (ii) engagement of the donors in the projects from early stages of assessments and project identification in different regions, sub-regions and country-groupings; and (iii) building a track-record with strategic donors ;
  • endorsed utilization of an integrated approach for project development, leveraging WMO technical programmes, technical commissions (TC), Members and external partners through well defined projects, based on the DRR project management framework and requested documentation of lessons learnt from these projects, upon completion of each phase.

The Council also requested the Secretary-General to:

  • Facilitate participation of the NMHSs and RAs in the DRM coordination processes at the national and regional levels, respectively;
  • Further strengthen WMO partnerships with the UN–UN-ISDR system partners for the implementation of national and regional DRR projects.

The Council requested the technical programmes and Commissions to develop relevant training materials and workshops, guidelines and capacity building activities in relation to the needs and requirements identified through the DRR multi-stakeholder processes, engaging not only the NMHSs but also their stakeholders in DRM.

The Council supported the “Lincoln Declaration on Drought Indices” and urged all of the Members to start using the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) to characterize meteorological droughts and adopted a resolution to that effect.

The Council strongly endorsed the WMO DRR systematic approach engaging a multi-stakeholder process to document good practices in MH-EWS and develop the MH-EWS Training Workshop, which serves as a platform for: (i) sharing of these good practices; and (ii) providing a multi-stakeholder coordinated approach for regional/national EWS project development, engaging not only the NMHS but also DRM stakeholders at national and regional levels. In this regard, it stressed the importance of holding the «Third International Experts’ Symposium on MH-EWS» in the 2011-2012 timeframe.

The Council urged Members to consider providing assistance to the broad range of needs in relation to both urgent measures and longer-term re-building of the Haitian Service, and requested the Secretary-General to provide the necessary coordination of Members’ offers of assistance, to meet the identified needs as well as the coordination with UN programmes for planning and implementing of assistance (e.g. Post Disaster Needs Assessment – PDNA and subsequent reconstruction planning, and the humanitarian Flash Appeal).

The Council stressed the need for research as well as development of operational climate forecasting and analysis tools for analysing changes in severity, frequency, and occurrences of hydrometeorological hazards at seasonal, inter-annual, decadal, and longer climate change time lines. In this regard, it requested the Secretary-General to explore opportunities for coordinated approach for the development of such capacities through the various WMO sponsored and co-sponsored climate programmes, technical commissions, and other research initiatives.

The Council requested the Secretary-General to ensure active involvement of the DRR Programme and relevant climate programmes in the implementation of the GFCS and identification of the user needs and requirements for climate services for these sectors as they are highly receptive to the utilization of climate information.


Enhanced capabilities of Members to provide and use weather climate and water and environmental applications and services
Expected Result 7

The Council stressed the importance of the Public Weather Services (PWS) component of the Severe Weather Forecasting Demonstration Project (SWFDP) which seeks to equip NMHSs with skills for enhanced delivery of severe weather warning and forecast services.  The Council endorsed the continued inclusion of PWS in SWFDP and requested the Secretary-General to continue supporting the joint participation of PWS and Global Data-processing and Forecasting Systems (GDPFS) in these projects.

The Council considered the WMO Guiding Principles of the WMO for providing services developed by PWS.  These Guiding Principles will be presented to the Sixteenth WMO Congress.

The Council stressed that the continuously emerging technologies and media options posed a challenge to NMHSs, and that WMO needed to ensure that Members were made aware of all possible applications for communication of weather forecasts and warnings.  It requested the Secretary-General to ensure that activities in this principal domain of PWS benefit developing NMHSs in exploiting the emerging technologies.

The Council further requested the Secretary-General to enhance the current WMO-QMF Website to provide a comprehensive resource list for use by Members.  It had also agreed on the necessary next steps for a credible implementation of the Framework throughout the Organization including the WMO Secretariat.

The Council noted that Amendment 75 to the Annex 3, recently approved by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), declares the requirement for the implementation of a recognized QMS in the provision of meteorological services to international civil aviation, a Standard with applicability date of November 2012.  The Council decided in a resolution to align the WMO Technical Regulations [C.3.1] and [C.3.3], Volume II (WMO-No. 49) accordingly.  Recognizing the urgency of the matter, it requested the relevant WMO structures, including working groups, focal points or their equivalent in regional associations, the relevant structures of CAeM, and the Secretary-General through WMO’s Resource Mobilization Office, to provide adequate support to assist Members requiring support.  It requested the Secretary-General to maintain a close liaison with all relevant user and partner organizations such as ICAO, International Air Transport Association (IATA), International Federation of Airline Pilots' Associations (IFALPA), Canso and regional Air Traffic Management (ATM) projects. 

Informed on knowledge gained and lessons learned during the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption, the Council stressed the importance of Members working with the regional associations, regional bodies and relevant technical commissions to develop enhanced volcanic ash observational networks and capabilities enabling dispersion models to be validated, calibrated and initialized and better informed decisions by aviation stakeholders.  It endorsed the creation of a multi-disciplinary Inter-commission Scientific Advisory Group, comprising experts in volcanology, transport and dispersion modelling and aerosol observations.

The Council noted the development of Terms of Reference (ToRs) for an IMO/WMO World-Wide Met-ocean Information and Warning Service (WWMIWS) and the Joint WMO/IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM III) recommendation to establish WWMIWS.  The Council therefore requested the Secretary-General to submit a draft resolution for the formation of the WWMIWS to the IMO for adoption and inclusion in the regulatory publications.

The Council requested that the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) take lead with regional networks in the technical analysis of how climate variability and change and air pollution interact both ways on a regional basis, and in combination on a global basis.  The Council supported the need for a higher density of GAW Stations in the tropical region.

The Council agreed to split WMO Publication No. 258 "Guidelines to the education and training of personnel in meteorology and operational hydrology." Volume I: Meteorology, into two separate new publications: the first one dealing with classifications and qualifications of personnel; and, the second aimed at educators and trainers.  The Council requested Cg-XVI to make the former a mandatory publication in place of WMO Publication No. 258. Considering the limited time before the implementation date (November 2013), the Council requested it to be published as soon as practical after Sixteenth Congress.  Additionally, the Council requested the Commission for Aeronautical Meteorology to release the Competency Assessment Toolkit as soon as possible.

The Council adopted a resolution on the “Definition of a WMO Meteorologist” and a resolution on “EC Panel of Experts on Education and Training Terms of Reference”.

Broader use of weather, climate and water outputs for decision-making and implementation by Members and partner organizations
Expected Result 8

The Council noted the actions taken by the Secretary-General to strengthen the cooperation with United Nations through the active participation of WMO in sessions of the United Nations General Assembly and high-level events on Climate Change, Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries, interactive dialogue on water, the ECOSOC session and its commission meetings on sustainable development, status of women and on statistics, as well as UNFCCC and UNCCD COPs and other events related to climate change, disaster risk reduction, water and food security.

The Council requested Members and the Secretary-General to ensure appropriate follow-up to resolutions of the sixty-fourth session of the UN General Assembly addressed to the UN specialized agencies and relevant to WMO.

The Council noted that, at the request of the UNFCCC’s Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice, the GCOS Steering Committee provided a provisional version of the 2010 Update of the Implementation Plan for the Global Observing System for Climate in Support of the UNFCCC to the Parties at COP-15 in Copenhagen, a final version of which would be available by August 2010.

The Council authorized the Secretary-General to finalize working arrangements with the Bureau of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM).

The Council authorized the Secretary-General to finalize a Cooperation Agreement with the Director-General of CERN.

The Council reviewed progress in cooperation of WMO with GEO and requested further periodic reviews and updates on the benefits to WMO and NMHSs from participation in GEO and GEOSS, as GEOSS implementation evolves.

The Council further encouraged WMO Members to participate in relevant GEOSS activities, noting particularly the low number of developing and LDCs currently involved in GEO, to engage fully within national GEO coordination mechanisms to reinforce the role of NMHSs in GEOSS.

The Council urged the Commission for Basic Systems and other relevant technical commissions and joint Steering Committees to strengthen interoperability arrangements with GEO and requested the Secretary-General to ensure strengthened coordination with GEO at a high level, as well as to explore a mechanism to identify and to document the programmatic relations and contributions of the WMO Secretariat to GEOSS.

The Council expressed its deep appreciation to WMO/ICSU Joint Committee (JC) on IPY, its Subcommittees, the IPY International Programme Office, NMHS involved in the IPY and to thousands IPY participants for successful completion of IPY 2007-2008, the largest and most ambitious scientific effort that is considered by the world scientific community as an extraordinarily international success   The Council was pleased to learn that the JC had prepared and formally introduced at the IPY Oslo Science Conference (Norway, 8-12 June 2010) a comprehensive summary report titled “Understanding Earth’s Polar Challenges: International Polar Year 2007–2008”, the main concluding document of the JC.  The Council requests the Secretary-General to convey its gratitude to the JC report team and disseminate the report to a wide audience.

The Council further noted that the successful IPY Oslo Science Conference, which delivered the first early results and officially closed the IPY 2007-2008, would be followed by a post-IPY period of detailed processing and analysis of IPY data. In this regard the Council stressed the importance of open exchange of data, sharing of achievements and international collaboration for the securing of IPY legacy, which Council entrusted to its Panel on Polar Observations, Research and Services.

The Secretary-General was requested to further strengthen the relationship with scientific societies on meteorology, hydrology and other relevant fields, in collaboration with the corresponding international non-governmental scientific associations.

The Council expressed its deep appreciation to the China Meteorological Administration (CMA) for the outstanding support for the organization and operation of the joint WMO-CMA Pavilion “Meteo World” at the World Expo 2010 in Shanghai (May-October 2010), which was inaugurated at the Day of Honour on 9 May 2010, as well as for the active development of the Multi-Hazard Shanghai Early Warning Project, both provided exceptional opportunity to promote WMO and service of the NMHSs.

The Council decided that the theme for the World Meteorological Day in 2012 would be "Powering our future with weather, climate and water".

Enhanced capabilities of NMHSs in developing countries, particularly least developed countries, to fulfill their mandates
Expected Result: 9

Noting the continued significant and strategic work being undertaken in respect of regional programmes for capacity enhancement of NMHS in particular in West and East Africa, South Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia, Pacific and the Americas covering some forty (40) countries, the Council encouraged Members to increase their involvement in capacity building partnerships especially for LDCs and SIDS.  The Council supported the approach taken regarding the projections for extra budgetary resources for the next financial period to allow for staffing to be allocated to the project management of technical cooperation projects, as this area of support has declined significantly in recent years. The Council urged Members to consider allocation of extra budgetary funds to these project management and regional initiatives as part of the new extra budgetary funding approach.  Noting that further efforts to assist NMHSs of LDCs and SIDS, in comprehensive needs analysis/assessment, management skill building, preparation of NMHS development plans and emergency assistance were required, the Council requested the Secretary-General to pursue strategies for raising the profiles of NMHSs concerned through sharing best practices in the integration of weather-, climate- and water-related information and services into national and regional development planning frameworks.

The Council requested the Secretary-General and development partners to assist the countries concerned to address their priority needs, in particular observing systems, maintenance, telecommunications and information technology, through the formulation and implementation of development projects and enhanced resource mobilization. The Council encouraged the Secretariat to support the developing countries NMHS in their advocacy vis-à-vis their national Governments in order to fulfil the Madrid Action Plan and demonstrate the socio-economic value of the NMHSs products and services. The Council requested also the Secretary-General to place special emphasis on the preparation of LDCs and SIDS for their participation in the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) and to reflect this priority in the budget proposal to be presented to Congress. The Council urged the Secretary-General to promote the role of WMO as a Multilateral Implementing Agency (MIA) of the Climate Adaptation Fund in order to gain additional resources for the NMHSs in the developing countries and countries with economies in transition.

Noting the calls for expansion of Regional Training Centres (RTC) capabilities in, for example, hydrology and marine meteorology, the Council requested the EC Panel of Experts on Education and Training to review the process of RTC approval and recommendation and advise the Council on ways to accelerate the approval process.

Noting that in addition to enhancing technical capabilities of NMHSs of LDCs and SIDS, support was also required to strengthen their abilities in advocacy and in the promotion of their products and services in order to contribute towards enhancing their visibility and access to funding both from internal and external sources, the Council requested the Secretary-General to continue giving priority to skill development activities for senior and middle-level managers of these NMHSs in the areas of management, strategic planning, product development and communication as well as in project development and resource mobilization, including through e-learning.

The Council reviewed the progress towards the development of Phase A of the Country Profile Data Base (CDB) requested by Cg-XV and EC-LX and expressed its appreciation for the progress to date, including the purchase of needed survey and collaboration software. The Council noted the need to address and understand certain issues surrounding the CDB such as policies of publication on the Web.

Recognizing the potential for the CDB to improve coordination, as well as the efficiencies for surveys and knowledge management across programmes and regions, the Council urged the Secretary-General to complete CDB development and start operational use by the end of 2010, including with the provision of a mechanism for reviewing and updating the information needs to be developed and experience gained before investing further resources into this project.


Effective and efficient functioning of constituent bodies and management performance and oversight of the Organization
Expected Result: 10 and 11

Taking into account the reports of FINAC and the Audit Committee, the Executive Council considered and approved the audited financial accounts of the World Meteorological Organization for the year 2009.  The Executive Council noted with satisfaction that the External Auditor has issued an unqualified opinion on the accounts for the year 2009.

The Executive Council noted that in accordance with Resolution 40 (Cg-XV), the scale of assessment of proportional contributions of Members for the year 2011 has been based on the United Nations scale of assessments adopted by the sixty-fourth United Nations General Assembly in December 2009 and duly adjusted for difference in memberships. It adopted the resolution on the “Assessment of proportional contributions of Members for the year 2011”.

The Council reaffirmed the importance of the Strategic Plan (SP) as a foundation for the WMO results-based management (RBM) framework and its influence on the planning of activities and resource allocation for the Secretariat in the strategic planning period. The Council considered the draft WMO Strategic Plan 2012-2015 and requested the Secretariat to harmonize the SP and Budget documents with regard to the priorities and terminology used in the documents.  In addition, the Council also requested the linkages between the Strategic Plan, Operating Plan and Results-based Budget be enhanced and clarified.

The Council decided to recommend the draft Strategic Plan to the Congress for approval.

The Council recommended that the Secretary-General prepare for consideration by Sixteenth Congress a budget for the sixteenth financial period (2012-2015).  The budget will address effectively the priority areas which Council agreed should be the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS), Capacity Building, WMO Integrated Observations and Information Systems, Disaster Risk Reduction, and Aviation Meteorology.

The Executive Council recommended to the Sixteenth Congress a list of WMO publications proposed as mandatory for the sixteenth financial period.  The Executive Council also agreed that there needed to be two lists of publications prepared for Congress: a list of WMO mandatory publications and a list of those WMO mandatory publications that are expected to be published in the next financial period for agreement at Congress. A recommendation was made calling for a holistic approach to the review of the management of the whole production process, including definitions of different types of publications as well as a reduction in the number of hard-copy publications with a wider, more cost-effective and quicker dissemination of the publications and documents by favouring Web distribution.

The Council agreed to assign high priority to the issue of gender mainstreaming and its inclusion in relevant parts of the WMO Strategic Plan, in particular those dealing with service delivery, capacity building and natural disaster reduction, recommended that the work of the EC Advisory Panel on Gender Mainstreaming should continue in the sixteenth financial period and requested that  a comprehensive report be presented to 16th Congress on the status of implementation of the policy by all constituent bodies and the Secretariat.


Other highlights of the session

The Council designated Mr Neil Gordon (New Zealand) and Mr Ricardo Garcia Herrera (Spain), Mr Gerhard Adrian (Germany) and Mr Costante de Simone (Italy) as acting members of the Executive Council in replacing Mrs Sri Woro B. Harijono who became an ex-officio EC member as president of RA V, and Mr Francisco Cadarso González, Mr Wolfgang Kusch and General Massimo Capaldo, respectively.

The Executive Council awarded the fifty-fifth IMO Prize to Professor Taroh Matsuno (Japan).

The Council conferred the 2011 Norbert Gerbier-MUMM International Award on Drs J.-P Vidal, E. Martin, L. Franchistéguy, F. Habets, J.-M. Soubeyroux, M. Blanchard and M. Baillon, all from France, for their paper entitled “Multilevel and multiscale drought reanalysis over France with the Safran Isba Modcou hydrometeorological suite” published in Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 459 478.

The Council conferred the 2010 WMO Research Award for Young Scientists upon Juan José Ruiz, from Argentina, for the paper entitled “Application of ensemble forecasts to weather prediction at short range over South America” PhD Thesis, and to Gabriela Szepszo, from Hungary, for the paper entitled “Transient simulation of the REMO regional climate model and its evaluation over Hungary”, published in Idojaras.  

With respect to the Professor Dr Vilho Väisälä Awards, the Council conferred the twenty-second Professor Dr Vilho Väisälä Award on Instruments and Methods of Observation upon P.L. Heinselman, D.L. Priegnitz, K.L. Manross, T.M. Smith and R.W. Adams all from USA for their paper entitled ”Rapid Sampling of Severe Storms by the National Weather Radar Tested Phased Array Radar, published in AMS Bulletin, Vol. 23, p. 808-824, 2008, and that E. Vuerich (Italy), C. Monesi (Italy), L.G. Lanza (Italy), L. Stagi (Italy) and the third Professor Dr Vilho Väisälä Award for the Development and Implementation of the Instruments and Methods of Observation upon E. Lanzinger (Germany) for the paper entitled ”WMO Field intercomparison of Rainfall Intensity Gauges” (Vigna di Valle, Italy, October 2007 – April 2009), published in WMO/TD-No. 1504, IOM Report No. 99, 2009.

The Council approved the proposal of the Secretary-General to appoint Ms E. Manaenkova as Assistant Secretary-General.

The Executive Council agreed that the sixty-third session of the Council will be held from Monday, 6 to Wednesday, 8 June 2011 following Congress XVI, and that the sixty-fourth session of the Council to be held at the Headquarters of the Organization from 11 to 20 June 2012.

Representatives of 31 WMO Members attended the 62nd session of the Council and followed its discussions.






Related items

Outcomes EC-LX

Outcomes EC-LXI

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