News from Members
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Changement climatique: conférence publique organisée par les missions de Belgique et de Monaco
La Mission permanente de la Principauté de Monaco et la Mission permanente de Belgique vous invitent à une conférence publique "un développement durable est-il possible sur une planète en réchauffement?", le jeudi 24 avril 2014 de 16h à 18h au Palais des Nations à Genève. >> Suite
A new long-range forecast system developed by Met Office scientists has delivered a potential advance in the skill of predictions for European and North American winters.
The system uses a next generation prediction system to give potentially more helpful guidance on winter weather patterns up to weeks ahead. >> More
Les températures de mars 2014 ont été environ 2 degrés supérieures à la norme 1981 2010. Au Nord des
Alpes, grâce à 2 semaines de beau temps, l’ensoleillement a été supérieur à la normale. Au Tessin, les premières journées estivales de l’année avec des températures supérieures à 25 degrés ont été
mesurées. >> Suite
La Agencia Estatal de Meteorología (AEMET) del Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente (MAGRAMA) y la Agencia Japonesa de Meteorología (JMA) han fortalecido su colaboración en investigaciones en materia de modelos numéricos de predicción de alta resolución y la predicibilidad de los fenómenos atmosféricos extremos.
La colaboración entre ambos países se ha intensificado tras la reciente visita del director del Departamento de Investigación de la Predicción del Instituto de Investigación Meteorológica de la JMA, el doctor Kazuo Saito, a la sede de AEMET en Madrid. El doctor Saito ha podido comprobar como las investigaciones realizadas por AEMET en el ámbito de la predicción probabilística de fenómenos severos –por ejemplo las lluvias torrenciales– avanzan en líneas paralelas y se fundamentan en resultados muy similares a los de su país. >> Mas
A new era of European remote sensing will begin on 3 April when the first Copernicus Sentinel satellite will be launched into orbit from French Guiana. The satellite is especially useful for the monitoring of the ice situation, snow cover and floods.
The Sentinel satellites are a series of remote sensing satellites developed by ESA, the European Space Agency, which will produce an unprecedented number of measurements and satellite images. The primary goal of the Sentinel-1A to be launched is ground surface and ocean observation. >> More
Après un début de mois perturbé, la France a connu durant une quinzaine de jours une belle accalmie avec un soleil dominant et des températures printanières souvent proches de 20 °C.
La douceur perdure depuis le début de l'année. Les températures ont encore affiché des valeurs supérieures à la normale* pendant la majeure partie du mois sur l'ensemble du pays. Conformes aux normales de la Bretagne au Sud-Ouest ainsi qu'en Corse, les températures moyennes ont été généralement supérieures de plus de 1 °C à la normale* sur le reste du pays, voire localement de plus de 2 °C dans le Nord-Est. Moyennées sur la France, elles ont été supérieures aux normales de 1,1 °C. >> Suite
On April 1, it was reported from the press conference of China Meteorological Administration that in the past March was generally better than the same period of last year. The light and water conditions were beneficial for agricultural production.
According to the monitoring, in March, the average temperature of most agricultural regions were similar to 1 to 4℃ higher than normal years. In Northeast China, the heat condition was better than last year while precipitation was less. As for the south, rainfall days of many places were over 5. Some places of Guangdong, Guangxi and Fujian suffered regional short-term gale and hail. >> More
The April to June maximum temperature outlook shows chances of greater than 60% for warmer than normal days over most of the tropical north, the eastern States, southeast SA, and south coastal WA. Chances exceed 80% over southern Victoria and Tasmania. So for every ten April to June outlooks with similar odds to these, about six to eight of them would be warmer than average over these areas, while about two to four would be cooler.
Over the Cape York Peninsula in Queensland, southern and central WA, the southwest of the NT, and most of SA the chances of warmer or cooler daytime temperatures are roughly equal. >> More
Durante el mes de marzo del 2014 han ocurrido tormentas de variada intensidad, las cuales afectaron principalmente las regiones del centro y norte del país. Estas tormentas se han caracterizado por la presencia de actividad eléctrica, fuertes vientos e importantes valores de precipitación. A continuación se presenta el campo de precipitación acumulada y anomalía porcentual para el mes de Marzo. >> Mas
With the view to support the realization of the Global Framework for Climate Services’ Implementation Plan, approved at the extraordinary session of the WMO Congress on 31 October 2012, the State Hydrometeorological Service of the Republic of Moldova organized the first roving seminar for farmers entitled: "Weather and Climate". The seminar took place on 12 and 13 March 2014 in Chisinau. It was hosted by the State Hydrometeorological Service and organized with the kind support of the Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Moldova and the World Meteorological Organization.
U.S. Spring Flood Risk Map for 2014. (Credit: NOAA)
According to NOAA’s Spring Outlook released today, rivers in half of the continental United States are at minor or moderate risk of exceeding flood levels this spring with the highest threat in the southern Great Lakes region due to above-average snowpack and a deep layer of frozen ground. Additionally, drought is expected to continue in California and the Southwest. The continuation of winter weather, above-average snowpack, frozen ground and thick ice coverage on streams and rivers will delay spring flooding into April in the upper Midwest eastward to New England. The intensity of the flooding will depend on the rate of snow and ice melt, and future rainfall. >> More
Lena Häll Eriksson, Director-General of SMHI, and Lea Kauppi, Director-General of SYKE.
SMHI and SYKE in Finland enter a unique collaboration on marine environmental monitoring Sweden. SMHI and SYKE, the Finnish Environment Institute, have begun a close collaboration to monitor the marine environment of the Baltic and the North Sea. “It is unique for two countries to sign an agreement in this way, but we are leading a trend that the EU and the global organization ICES would like to see going forward. As a combined force we can improve the monitoring of the acute problems that the sea faces, while sharing the cost,” says Lena Häll Eriksson Director-General of SMHI.
“The first joint research trip has already departed on the Aranda. Finnish and Swedish marine researchers will initially intercalibrate their instruments and take samples to measure oxygen levels and the phosphorus and nitrogen content. In parallel, we are drawing up a joint-programme for future marine environmental monitoring,” says Lea Kauppi, Director-General of SYKE. >> More
◇ The mean temperature (2.5 ℃) in February 2014 nationwide is above normal and the monthly precipitation (28.7 mm) is below normal.
◇ The mean temperature (1.5 ℃) in Winter 2013 nationwide is above normal and the precipitation (59.7 mm) is below normal.
□ Climate features and long-term trends in February 2014 and Winter 2013 have been analyzed with the data collected at the 45 meteorological stations throughout Korea (national average) from 1973 to 2013 (1908-2013 for Seoul).
※ Normal : Average value of climatic element data collected from 1981 to 2010.
□ The climatic characteristics in February 2014 are described as follows:
For Korea (whole country):
The mean temperature (2.5 ℃), the mean maximum temperature (7.9 ℃) and the mean minimum temperature (-2.1 ℃) were 1.4 ℃, 1.1 ℃, 1.7 ℃ above normals, respectively. The low pressure brought the warm weather continued on for several days and the development of the high pressure affected temperature dropped during the first ten days of the month. The east wind moved in peninsular during the middle ten days and the high pressure brought the clear and dry weather continued on the last ten days. >> More
SEASONAL CLIMATE OUTLOOK
El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO)-neutral conditions persisted during the remaining months of 2013 up to December, as reflected by near-average sea surface temperature (SST) across the central and east-central equatorial Pacific (CEEP). Most model forecasts continue to indicate ENSO-neutral condition into early 2014, with an increasing chance towards a warming trend during Northern Hemisphere summer of 2014.
January – March 2014:
The period is the peak of the Northeast (NE) monsoon season, locally known as “Amihan”. Tropical cyclone activity is however at its minimum. Weather systems that may affect the country are the NE monsoon, tail-end of a cold front, trough of low pressure areas (LPAs), Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), easterlies and one (1) to two (2) tropical cyclones that are likely to develop/enter the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR). Cold surges are expected during the period.
For January-February-March season, rainfall conditions will likely be near to above normal in most parts of the country while patches of below normal rainfall maybe observed over Northern and Central Luzon during January. Sulu and Tawi - tawi are expected to receive below normal rainfall during February and similarly over Cordillera Autonomous Region (CAR), Nueva Ecija, Eastern Samar and Northern Palawan during March. Gradual weakening of the NE monsoon may begin during the early part of March.
April to June 2014: The period covers the gradual shift of the season from NE monsoon to Southwest (SW) monsoon. The weather systems that may influence the country are the ridge of high pressure area (HPA), ITCZ, LPAs and three (3) to six (6) tropical cyclones. During the period, the mean track of tropical cyclones is located from southern Luzon to central Visayas areas, extending towards the West Philippine Sea. During April, generally way below to below normal rainfall are likely to occur in most parts of the country, except in some areas in Western Mindanao and portions of CARAGA Region which are expected to receive near to above normal rainfall. Likewise, near to above normal rainfall maybe experienced during May and June. This condition may favor the normal onset of the rainy season (latter part of May or early part of June) in areas under climate Type. >> More
Ayer, el meteorólogo Carlos Naranjo, director Ejecutivo del Inamhi; y, la ministra del Ambiente, Lorena Tapia, suscribieron una Carta de Compromiso, mediante la cual el Inamhi asume la operación y gestión de 17 estaciones, que se incorporan a la red nacional de mediciones hidro-climatológica del país. Estas en particular servirán para reforzar el estudio del ecosistema de los páramos.
Las referidas estaciones automáticas están ubicadas en glaciares y páramos asociados a las microcuencas de Papallacta, Antisana y Pita, a una altura superior a los 3 mil metros sobre el nivel del mar. Esto fue posible mediante un trabajo conjunto entre la Subsecretaría de Cambio Climático del MAE, a través del Proyectode Adaptación al Impacto del Retroceso Acelerado de Glaciares en los Andes Tropicales (PRAA) y el financiamiento del Banco Mundial. >> Mas
CMA and UK Met Office signed the new MOU.
On Mar.25, the eight session Joint Working Group (JWG) on cooperation in the field of atmospheric science and technology between China Meteorological Administration (CMA) and Met Office of United Kingdom was held in Beijing.
Mr John Hirst, Chief Executive of Met Office and Co-chair of the JWG attended the session. Dr Zheng Guoguang, Administrator of CMA chaired the meeting. Ms Jiao Meiyan, Deputy Administrator of CMA attended the meeting. Dr. Zheng extended his warm welcome on behalf CMA saying that CMA attached great importance to cooperation with Met Office. Since the Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation in the field of atmospheric science and technology signed in 1991, CMA and Met Office have developed fruitful cooperation on climate science, numerical forecast, satellite data assimilation, observation, meteorological observation, education and training, service delivery for the Olympic Games and others. The collaboration has effectively helped the modernization of China's meteorological service. >> More
Monthly sea surface temperatures
While the tropical Pacific Ocean remains El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) neutral, the chance of an El Niño occurring in 2014 has increased. The latest climate model survey by the Bureau shows that the tropical Pacific is likely to warm in the coming months, with most models showing sea surface temperatures reaching El Niño thresholds during the southern hemisphere winter.
Observations indicate that the tropical Pacific Ocean is currently warming. Following two strong westerly wind bursts since the start of the year, waters below the surface of the tropical Pacific have warmed significantly over the past two months. This has led to some warming at the surface, with further warming expected in the coming weeks. The Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) has dropped to –13—the lowest 30-day value since March 2010—but would need to remain firmly negative for several weeks to indicate the atmosphere and ocean are reinforcing each other. El Niño is often, but not always, associated with below normal rainfall across large parts of southern and inland eastern Australia during the second half of the year. Daytime temperatures also tend to be above normal over southern Australia. >> More
Image Météosat I.R du 18/02/14 à1200utc
Le mois de février 2014 n’a pas connu réellement de situations météorologiques particulières, excepté cependant la situation vécue en fin du mois sur la région du Sahara oriental ou l’on avait enregistré de fortes précipitations ayant entraîné l’écoulement des eaux de certains oueds de la région notamment l’oued Takhmelt (nord Illizi), provoquant malheureusement la perte de deux enfants. Il y a lieu de signaler cependant que des épisodes pluvio-orageux assez intenses accompagnés de vents violents ont été enregistrés durant ce mois dont les plus intenses ont été enregistrés au début de la deuxième décade (du 09 au 12) avec un cumul pluviométrique max de 48mm enregistré à la station de Tizi ouzou et durant la dernière décade notamment du 24 au 26 où l’on a enregistré un cumul max de 41mm à Mascara. >> Suite
Niue now has a legislation making comprehensive provisions in relation to the provision of meteorological and climate related services. The title of the legislation is the “Meteorological Services Act of 2013 (No. 326)”, passed by Niue’s Assembly on the 11th of September 2013, and subsequently signed and sealed by the Speaker of Assembly, Honorable Ahohiva Levi on the 23rd of September 2013.
Part 1 of the Act provides preliminary definitions of terminologies used; Part 2 outlines the functions and responsibilities of the Niue Meteorological Service; Part 3 refers to the functions of the Niue Meteorological Service in relation to regional international conventions and treaties; Part 4 highlights the protection and operation of the Meteorology Department’s assets; Part 5 focuses on the enforcement of the Meteorological Services Act 2013; and the Act concludes with Part 6 which includes protection of the Niue Meteorological Service from liability, and provision of fees or charges for services. >> More
The Vanuatu Meteorology and Geo-hazards Department (VMGD) under the Ministry of Climate Change and Natural Disasters is launching its newly developed Strategic Development Plan for 2014 to 2023 on 7 February at its headquarters in Port Vila by the Minister for Climate Change.
The purpose of this Development Plan is to set out the strategic context and direction for strengthening the capacity of the VMGD to have and operate state-of-the-art technical services to achieve the highest standards to deliver its core quality services.
The 10-year plan’s objective is to provide VMGD with a strategic framework for developing each of its five divisions – the Weather Forecasting and Services Division, Climate Division, Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction Division, Geo-hazards Division and Observations Division – through capacity building. The plan ensures that support is coordinated and delivered effectively in partnership with the national government, regional and international agencies, development partners and technical counterpart agencies in Vanuatu. >> More
Percentage of Monthly Rainfall Anomaly for February 2014
Some parts of Peninsula Malaysia were inundated with flood due to widespread of rainfall for about 2 weeks in December. On the contrary, the monthly rainfall amount was extremely below-average in February. Besides that, most parts of the country were affected by unusual cold temperatures in the first half of January, mainly over the northern portion of Peninsula Malaysia.
National Climate Centre, CMA (March 4, 2014). During the 2013/2014 winter (December 2013-February 2014), the mean temperature over China was -2.9℃, 0.5℃ higher than the normal，and the average precipitation amount was 39.2 mm, 4% less than the normal.
Extreme cold events in parts of China. Extreme cold events were detected by 83 observing stations in Yunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong, etc.; 125 stations in Northeast, North China, Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, etc. recorded extreme temperature drop in a single day; 96 stations in Tibet, Sichuan, Yunnan, etc., recorded extreme temperature drop in consecutive days ; 15 stations including Arshaan of Inner Mongolia and Qingshuihe in Qinghai set records of largest temperature drop in a single day and 14 stations including Banma in Qinghai tied with or set all-time records of largest temperature drop in consecutive days.
Extreme events of continuous no-precipitation in North China and part of Southwest. Over South China, North China and the eastern part of Southwest, the number of consecutive days with no measured precipitation reached the thresholds of extreme events at 97 stations, of which 16 stations hit or broke their records of no precipitation days, including Gaotai Station in Gansu with 163 days and Fengning Station in Hebei with 107 days. >> More
The Tokyo Climate Centre, Japan Meteorological Agency, has issued its Winter newsletter. Information on the global average surface temperatures for 2013; highlights of the global climate for 2013; summary of Japan’s climatic characteristics for 2013; the Japanese 55-year Reanalysis (JRA-55); upgrade of JMA’s one-month ensemble prediction system; complete revision of ClimatView for plug-in-free compatibility with Web browsers; TCC activity report for 2013. >> More
December, as well as previous November, as a whole across Russia was the warmest on records. It’s the 7th warmest in the Center of the European Russia, the 1st in the south of the Far East and the 3rd in Siberia.Weather was -2…-3°C colder usual in the south of ETR. >> More
"A report on climate features on the territory of the Russian federation in 2013" [in Russian]
Durante el mes febrero de 2014 han ocurrido numerosas tormentas de variada intensidad, las cuales afectaron principalmente a la región central y norte del país. Estas tormentas se han caracterizado por la presencia de actividad eléctrica, ráfagas intensas de viento e importantes valores de precipitación, que para varias localidades han superado el valor normal del mes y han generado valores récords mensuales.
A continuación se presenta el campo de precipitación acumulada para el transcurso del mes de febrero.
Observando el campo de precipitación acumulada, se aprecian valores superiores a los 150mm sobre prácticamente todo el centro y norte del país, con la excepción de un mínimo localizado.sobre Santiago del Estero donde el monto mensual es de 89,5 mm. Valores de precipitación que apenas superan los 100 mm se hallan en Formosa y Misiones. Se observa otro mínimo localizado al este de la provincia de Buenos Aires, en la estación Dolores con un valor de precipitación acumulada de 92 mm. El máximo valor de precipitación acumulada según la red del SMN se encuentra en Gualeguaychú, con 323 mm. >> Mas
Monthly sea surface temperatures
The El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) remains neutral – neither El Niño nor La Niña. However, international climate models surveyed by the Bureau indicate that warming of the tropical Pacific is likely in the coming months, with most models showing temperatures approaching or exceeding El Niño thresholds during the austral winter.
Recent observations indicate that warming of the tropical Pacific is occurring. The tropical Pacific Ocean sub-surface has warmed substantially over the past few weeks, which is likely to result in a warming of the sea surface in the coming months. A recent burst of westerly winds over the far western Pacific is the strongest seen since at least 2009 – the last time an El Niño developed.
El Niño is often, but not always, associated with below-average rainfall during the second half of the year across large parts of southern and inland eastern Australia. Daytime temperatures also tend to be above average over southern Australia. >> More
A definitive report on observed changes in long term trends in Australia’s climate has been released today by CSIRO and the Bureau of Meteorology.
Bureau Chief Executive Dr Rob Vertessy said temperatures across Australia were, on average, almost 1°C warmer than they were a century ago, with most of the warming having occurred since 1950.
“Australia’s mean temperature has warmed by 0.9°C since 1910,” Dr Vertessy said.
“Seven of the ten warmest years on record in Australia have occurred since 1998. When we compare the past 15 years to the period 1951 to1980, we find that the frequency of very warm months has increased five-fold and the frequency of very cool months has decreased by around a third.
“The duration, frequency and intensity of heatwaves have increased across large parts of Australia since 1950. >> More
|Rainfall anomaly 1 December 2013 to 25 February 2014|
Early Met Office statistics for Winter 2014 show that England and Wales has already had its wettest winter in almost 250 years.
As February comes to an end provisional rainfall figures (from 1 December 2013 to 25 February 2014) confirm the UK has had its wettest winter since the national series records began in 1910.
New records have been set for many parts of the UK, with southeast and central southern England having seen well over double the rainfall expected in a normal winter. >> More
Durant l'hiver 2013-2014, un flux d'ouest à sud-ouest perturbé a dominé sur l'Europe de l'Ouest, apportant sur la France de nombreuses tempêtes, d'abondantes précipitations et une douceur exceptionnelle.
À partir de la mi-décembre, le thermomètre a affiché des valeurs très douces pour la saison avec très peu de gelées en plaine. La température moyennée sur la France et sur la saison a été supérieure de 1.8 °C à la normale*. Sur la période 1900-2014, l'hiver 2013-2014 se place au deuxième rang des hivers les plus doux derrière celui de 1989-1990 et ex-aequo avec l'hiver 2006-2007.
Les précipitations ont été particulièrement abondantes sur la façade ouest du pays et dans le Sud-Est. Elles sont en revanche restées déficitaires de l'Hérault aux Pyrénées-Orientales ainsi que dans le Nord-Est. Avec plus de 50 jours de pluie, la fréquence des précipitations a été exceptionnelle du littoral Atlantique aux côtes de la Manche. La pluviométrie de cet hiver 2013-2014 est la plus élevée de la période 1959-2014 en Bretagne mais aussi en Provence – Alpes – Côte d'Azur.
Sur l'ensemble de la saison et du pays, l'excédent de pluviométrie est proche de 40 %. >> Suite
Photo: Eija Vallinheimo
February was exceptionally warm in Central and Northern Finland. Due to the cold period in January, the mean temperature for the entire winter was only exceptionally high in individual places. According the Finnish Meteorological Institute, the month's mean temperature varied from 0°C in the country's southwest to -5°C in Northern Lapland.
In many parts of the country, February was 6-8°C warmer than usual, and in some locations in the north over 9°C warmer than average.
February was exceptionally warm in Central and Northern Finland. Starting in 1900, February has only been warmer once, in 1990. February was also exceptionally warm in the country's south. The previous time this region experienced a warmer February was in 2008. Other warm Februaries include those in 1974 and 1989. The month's highest temperature of +8.1 °C was measured at Pori's railway station on 24 February. The month's lowest temperature of -37.5°C was measured at Kiutaköngäs in Kuusamo on the first of the month. >> More
Offenbach, 27 February 2014 – The weather conditions that prevailed in December and January did not change in February 2014. Germany was repeatedly on the south-eastern flank of storm depressions and in areas of mild air. Although the troughs brought frequent precipitation, it was generally sparse and diminished considerably as it moved eastwards, where it nearly all fell as rain. In between, the weather was often sunny.
Overall, this made February too dry, sunny and exceptionally mild as the initial analysis by the Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD) of data from its around 2,000 weather stations shows. >> More
North India consisting of seven subdivisions (East U.P., West U.P. Uttaranchal, Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir) receives about 17% of its annual rainfall during the winter season (January to March). The Jammu & Kashmir in particular receives about 30% of its annual rainfall during this period. The winter rainfall is very crucial for Rabi crops over the region. It is also crucial for the water management of the region. In view of these reasons, India Meteorological Department (IMD) has been issuing long range forecast outlook for the winter rainfall over north India. IMD also continuously works to improve the skill of the forecasting models. This year, for preparing the quantitative and probabilistic forecasts for winter season rainfall over the North India, a 4-parameter Principle Component Regression (PCR) has been used. Multi Model Ensemble Forecasts based on dynamical models from few important international agencies were also examined for guidance. >> More
Near normal with a tendency to depressed rainfall is expected over most of the eastern sector of the country during. March-May 2014 “Long-Rains” Season. On the other hand, rainfall over the western, northwestern and central. counties is likely to be enhanced.
Most of the rainfall over the better part of the country is likely to be recorded during the peak month of April.
The seasonal rainfall onset is expected during the third week of March over most parts of western Kenya. The better part of the eastern sector, especially Northeastern Kenya is likely to remain dry throughout the month of March. >> More
The Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET) has prepared the 2014 edition of the Seasonal Rainfall Prediction (SRP) infulfilment of its mandate of ensuring effective monitoring of the nation's weather and climate and provision of relevant meteorological information, advisories and early warnings to all Nigerians, planners, decision-makers and operators of the various rainfall-sensitive socioeconomic sectors. The prediction is done annually and usually presented to its stakeholders for their inputs on socio-economic implications of the predictions before its public presentation. The SRP is released early in the year so as to create good lead-time for policy makers to factor into their decision making processes. The agency therefore contributes to risk reduction associated with extreme weather and climate hazards as well as safety of lives and property. The product contributes significantly to the sustainable socioeconomic development of Nigeria. >> More
General Climate Characteristics-Upper Thailand (Northern, Northeastern, Central and Eastern parts of Thailand):
During the first half of March: For Northern and Northeastern parts, some high pressure air masses from China still prevail over upper Thailand from time to time. This causes the area still to be cool in the morning with thick fog in many areas especially at the upper portion of these parts. Hot weather swelters during daytime, and thunder rains happen on some days in some areas. For Central and Eastern parts, the southeasterly or southerly winds prevail over this area causing sweltering weather in many areas especially at the upper portion of these parts. Additionally, some thunder rains happen on some days.
Then during middle March till April: >> More
|Dr. Kathryn Sullivan (Credit NOAA)|
Today, the United States Senate confirmed Kathryn D. Sullivan, Ph.D. as under secretary of commerce for oceans and atmosphere. In this capacity, she will serve as the tenth administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the nation’s top science agency for climate, oceans, and the atmosphere.
“With her impressive background as a scientist and astronaut and her excellent record of building bridges between diverse environmental stakeholder communities and federal policymakers, Kathy brings a great blend of scientific rigor, team-building skills, and strategic sensibility to the important job of NOAA administrator,” said John P. Holdren, assistant to the president and director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy.
|Dr.Zheng met with Shun Chi-Ming, director of the HKO|
On Mar.6, Zheng Guoguang, Administrator of China Meteorological Administration(CMA) met with Shun Chi-Ming, director of the Hong Kong Observatory(HKO) and president of the Commission for Aeronautical Meteorology of the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) in Beijing.
Dr. Zheng expressed that he's willing to enhance meteorological data sharing and technical exchange including in radar data. He gave the readings about WGI report of IPCC AR5, 2013 bulletin of China climate and monitoring bulletin of China climate change as the presents to Mr. Shun Chi-Ming. The two sides exchanged views on challenges aeronautical meteorology faced and matters of Typhoon Committee.
After meeting, Mr.Shun visited National Center for Space Weather of CMA, and hoped the Center could make great contribution for International Space Weather Center of ICAO. (Mar.7) >> More
|JMA Director-General Dr. Mitsuhiko Hatori (left) and JRCS President Mr. Tadateru Konoe (right) sign the agreement at JMA Headquarters.|
The Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) and the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) held a signing ceremony for the Agreement on Cooperation in the Promotion of Knowledge on Disaster Risk Reduction on 5 March 2014 at JMA Headquarters in Tokyo, Japan.
JRCS President Mr. Tadateru Konoe and JMA Director-General Dr. Mitsuhiko Hatori signed the agreement for the purpose of helping to mitigate damage and reduce the number of victims from possible natural hazards that may occur in the future, taking into account the experience of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake.
JMA will provide JRCS with up-to-date information and materials to raise public awareness of disaster risk reduction, and JRCS will provide related education at around 13,000 kindergartens, nursery schools, elementary and junior/senior high schools, and schools for children with special needs nationwide through its Junior Red Cross activities. These efforts will be promoted not only at head office level but also among the field offices of JRCS and JMA.
Based on this cooperation between JRCS and JMA, the promotion of knowledge on disaster risk reduction is expected to enable Japanese people to utilize weather information more effectively and to better take action depending on their circumstances. JRCS and JMA will also share experience gained through this initiative with relevant departments internationally. >> More
The XXII Olympic / XI Paralympic Games «Sochi-2014» will be held in Sochi, Russia, on February 8-23 / March 7-16, 2014. Roshydromet (the Russian Federal Service for HydroMeteorology and Environmental Monitoring), is responsible for providing of hydrological and meteorological support and services to ensure the safety of the guests and participants and efficient work of involved bodies.
On February 12 a delegation from the Republic of Korea — host of the XXIII Winter Olympic Games of 2018 visited the Olympic team of Roshydromet meteorologists. Among the representatives of the Korean Meteorological Administration there was the Chief Meteorologist of the Olympic Games-2018, the Director of Departments of Sports, Snow, Ecology and Weather of the Organizing Committee of the Olympic Winter Games of 2018 in Pyeongchang and managers of the sport teams. >> More
Depuis le début de cette année 2014, les températures ont affiché des valeurs supérieures à la normale sur l'ensemble du pays. La France métropolitaine a connu un début d'année doux avec une anomalie globale de température moyenne de +2,5°C entre le 1er janvier et le 17 février.
Depuis le 1er janvier, l'indicateur thermique quotidien pour la France métropolitaine, constitué de la moyenne des températures quotidiennes* de 30 stations métropolitaines, est resté toujours supérieur à sa moyenne climatologique (moyenne de référence 1981-2010). >> Suite
Recently, the field observation on the scientific research project of sea ice has finished. This project is undertaken by CMA Meteorological Observation Center, Meteorological Scientific Institute of Tianjin, Shanghai Ocean University and other organizations. The project group reflected signal by Beidou Satellite and American GPS navigational satellite to collect observation data twice every day.
Meanwhile, the group also sent special worker to develop manual observation to check error. Using navigation satellite to observe sea ice is the first time in China whole meteorological department. It not only monitors the areas of sea ice, but also develops dynamic intensive observation. In addition, the observation methods also realized real-time monitoring for thickness of sea ice. Tianjin meteorological bureau will take the opportunity to develop regular observation on sea ice, build integrated observation station and add observation methods for sea fog, sea wind and other factors. >> More
On February 18, the conclusion meeting on the in-orbiting test of "Feng Yun-3 C Satellite" was held in Beijing. This marked the test has been completely finished. The result was that the function of this satellite system was stable and sound. All the performances and indexes have reached the requirement which were even better than A and B satellites.
On September 23, 2013, Feng Yun-3 C Satellite was successfully launched in Taiyuan of Shanxi Province.
On October 21, it entered into the in-orbiting stage. Yu Rucong, Deputy Administrator of China Meteorological Administration and leader of the testing team said "The successful test marks China's second generation of polar-orbiting meteorological satellite has changed from experiment and application to operation and service. In next stage, we should strengthen the in-orbiting operation and management so as to play its effectiveness of the application." >> More
With respect to Qatar Meteorology Department's vision towards development, progress and assume the leadership in the field of meteorology, a mutual agreement has been reached between Qatar Meteorology Department and Korea Meteorology Department to enhance the collaboration and coordination in the fields of climate, meteorology, earthquakes and natural hazards.
In addition, the information, resources and technological knowledge exchange are facilitated in order to exchange scientific benefits to build an integrated task force with the highest efficiency and skills to reach the desired results with the best quality. >> More
The Bureau of Meteorology has released a new public weather portal which allows weather enthusiasts to view and share observations, sightings and photos in real-time.The Weather Observations Website (WOW) represents a collaborative partnership between the Australian Bureau of Meteorology and its British equivalent the Met Office, the UK's national weather service. The new service will be trialled for the first time in Australia from today. Assistant Director Observing Strategy and Operations, Dr Anthony Rea, said the data uploaded to the Weather Observations Website by the public would complement data delivered around the clock from more than 700 official Automatic Weather Stations across Australia. >> More
On February 18, the Minister of Emergency Situations Armen Yeritsyan received the regional project manager of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Daisuke Fukumori. In the conference hall of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, Minister Yeritsyan and JICA project manager Daisuke Fukumori signed a protocol of "Landslide disaster management program in the Republic of Armenia". Welcoming the guests, Minister of Emergency Situations Armen Yeritsyan noted:
One-third of the territory of Armenia is in a dangerous landslide zone. In our country there are about 3,000 landslides, of which the most dangerous are 120. I am confident, that this program will be a significant contribution to the prevention of landslides and mitigation of damages. Landslides management issues are in the spotlight of the Government of the RA. In July 2013, the Government of Armenia approved the concept of "Management of landslide disasters of the Republic of Armenia". >> More
El Instituto de Hidrología Meteorología y Estudios Ambientales (IDEAM), lanzó al país alertas tempranas sobre desabastecimiento de agua e incendios forestales.
Así lo dio a conocer el Director General del IDEAM, Omar Franco Torres, quien explicó en rueda de prensa, la marcada tendencia de niveles bajos en los ríos del país y de las micro cuencas que los abastecen. "Básicamente los departamentos del centro oriente del país, el sector oriental del departamento de Cundinamarca, Boyacá, Santander y Norte de Santander. Esto quiere decir que los niveles de los afluentes de las micro cuencas pueden tener comprometido su nivel de abastecimiento", anunció el funcionario nacional.
El Director del IDEAM explicó a los medios de comunicación que la Orinoquía, Arauca, Meta y Casanare, también se encuentran en riesgo de desabastecimiento de agua debido a las altas temperaturas registradas por estos días.
"En la zona Caribe los departamentos de Cesar, Guajira, Magdalena, Bolívar y Atlántico, y algunas proyecciones del departamento de Sucre y Córdoba, también presentan esta situación", agregó Franco Torres. >> Mas
En los eventos históricos de diciembre 2013 y enero 2014 para varias localidades del país, la persistencia de días con temperaturas extremadamente altas, o sea los días en los que las temperaturas se ubicaron por encima del umbral que se considera extremo, han superado los récord principalmente en el centro y norte del territorio nacional, y en el norte de la Patagonia . Estos eventos se vuelven a repetir para el extremo noreste del territorio, desde el 28 de enero hasta el día 12 de febrero. Para este período las temperaturas mínimas oscilaron entre 22°C y 28°C, y las máximas entre 31°C y 42°C. >> Mas
La Agencia Estatal de Meteorología, dependiente del Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente (MAGRAMA), presidirá la VIII reunión anual de la Junta Directiva Internacional de CIIFEN que se celebrará el lunes 24 de febrero en la sede central de AEMET en Madrid para realizar un repaso a las actuaciones llevadas a cabo durante el año pasado y establecer las líneas estratégicas en las que va a trabajar el centro durante este año.
La reunión estará presidida por Miguel Ángel López, presidente de AEMET, y contará con la presencia del secretario general de la Organización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM), Michel Jarraud. Al encuentro también acudirán el director internacional de CIIFEN, Daniel Pabón; el oficial del proyecto para América de la OMM, Andrés Orías; Pedro Basabe de UNISDR (Estrategia de Naciones Unidas para la Reducción de Riesgos de Desastre); María Córdova, representante del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Movilidad Humana de Ecuador y Julián Reyna, secretario general de la Comisión Permanente del Pacífico Sur. Además, intervendrá por videoconferencia Miguel Ángel Rabiolo, jefe de la Oficina Regional de América de la OMM y también acudirán otros miembros implicados de AEMET. España ha tenido un papel destacado en la puesta en marcha de CIIFEN, ya que junto con la OMM dio apoyo a la idea desde sus inicios y los dos primeros directores fueron españole y funcionarios de AEMET. >> Mas
A quelques jours de la fin de l'hiver météorologique, la Suisse vivra sans doute son troisième hiver (période du 1er décembre au 28 février) le plus chaud en moyenne nationale depuis le début des mesures en 1864, derrière les hivers 2006/2007 et 1989/1990. Par ailleurs, alors que des précipitations sont encore prévues au Tessin d'ici la fin du mois, la ville de Lugano a connu son hiver le plus humide depuis 1864, dépassant largement le record de l'hiver 1950/1951.
Le froid n'étant toujours pas prévu d'ici la fin du mois, il est déjà possible de tirer quelques conclusions au sujet de l'hiver météorologique 2013/2014 qui s'achèvera dans quelques jours. Ainsi, on peut déjà affirmer de manière très prudente que la Suisse vivra son troisième hiver le plus chaud en moyenne nationale depuis le début des mesures en 1864, derrière les hivers 2006/2007 et 1989/1990. L'écart à la norme 1981-2010 sera probablement compris entre 1.7 et 1.9 degré. >> suite
By Parviz Rezazadeh and Ahad Vazife, Senior Forecasters, IRIMO
A cold high with a central pressure of 1055mb surged from Eastern Europe and Russia toward the north of Iran from 31 January 2014. Northerly to north easterly currents were dominant for almost a week. They caused a severe fall in temperature over Iran and Afghanistan and heavy snowfall from the north coastal provinces to the Caspian Sea. With the anchorage effect of a blocking high in the mid and upper levels of the atmosphere over eastern Europe, the northerly to north easterly polar jet stream from 70 to 36 degrees North latitude resulted in an advection of high relative vorticity in the region east of the Black Sea. >> More
Le mois de janvier 2014 a été très doux et marqué par des inondations dans de nombreuses regionsmetefran. La France a connu des flux d'ouest à sud-ouest perturbés apportant pluies et douceur maritimes. Ainsi, les températures ont été très clémentes pour la saison malgré un ensoleillement déficitaire. Les passages pluvieux abondants et successifs ont provoqué des inondations en Bretagne en début de mois, dans le Sud-Est les 18-19, puis dans le Sud-Ouest en fin de mois. Les températures ont affiché des valeurs supérieures à la normale pendant tout le mois sur l'ensemble du pays. Le nombre de jours de gel a été très faible. Avec 1988 et 1936, ce mois de janvier devrait être l'un des plus chauds depuis 1900. Les pluies ont été très excédentaires dans le sud-est du pays ainsi que du Cotentin à la Bretagne et au Sud-Ouest. La pluviométrie a été plus faible dans un petit quart nord-est et de la Picardie au Bassin parisien. En revanche, le déficit dépasse 50 % dans le Roussillon. En moyenne sur la France, les précipitations devraient être supérieures à la normale* de plus de 30 %. >> More
Early Met Office statistics for January 2014 show that the southeast and central southern England region has already had its wettest January in records going back to 1910, with three days still to go. A large area of southern England from East Devon to Kent and inland across parts of the midlands has already seen twice the average rainfall for the month. Southeast and central southern England has received more than twice its average rainfall with 175.2 mm of rain from 1 - 28 January. This beats the previous record of 158.2 mm set in January 1988. Further west across southwest England and south Wales the 222.6 mm of rainfall up to the 28th means January 2014 is already the 5th wettest on record and the wettest January since 1995 (224.4 mm). The wettest January on record here was 1948 when 244.3 mm of rain was recorded. >> More
Janvier 2014 a été le cinquième mois de janvier le plus chaud depuis le début des mesures il y a 150 ans.Il a fait exceptionnellement doux au cours des deux premières décades. En altitude, l’hiver a bien été présent au Sud des Alpes et en Engadine avec beaucoup de neige. Sur le reste du massif alpin, les quantités de neige ont été normales à fortement déficitaires. Le nord du Plateau est resté libre de neige.
Beaucoup de neige au Sud des Alpes et en Engadine
A la fin décembre 2013 déjà, une importante couche de neige s’était constituée dans les montagnes du Sud des Alpes. D’autres fortes chutes de neige se sont produites au cours de ce mois, notamment le 4 et du 13 au 19 janvier, si bien que l’importante couche de neige s’est mainte nue. A Bosco Gurin (1505 mètres), la couche de neige a atteint une épaisseur de 170 cm, soit la valeur la plus élevée depuis 20 ans et la quatrième valeur la plus élevée pour un mois de janvier depuis le début des mesures en 1961. L’épaisseur maximale du m anteau neigeux à Bosco. Gurin a été mesurée en avril 1975 avec 410 cm. Au deuxième rang figure mars 1972 avec une couche de neige déjà nettement moins épaisse de 300 cm. >> More
The M4 weather buoy, located off the Northwest coast, recorded a new maximum individual wave height of 23.4 metres at 15.00 on Sunday 26thJanuary 2014 during the weekend storm.
This figure easily surpasses the previous record of 20.4 metres at the same location in December 2011.
The M4 buoy is one of a new generation of weather buoys with the ability to measure maximum wave height as well as the more usual Significant Wave Height.
The Significant Wave Height is defined as the average height of the highest one-third of the waves and that is what our forecasts of wave height refer to.
In general, the highest wave of all will be about twice the Significant Wave Height. >> More
The Finnish Meteorological Institute's instruments are on a mission to solve one of the most interesting questions that perplexes humankind: did comets bring water and life to planet Earth? The Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) is a strong player in the European Space Association's (ESA) Rosetta Mission. Rosetta is currently en route to the Churyumov-Gerasimenko comet. Rosetta's lander is scheduled to land on the comet's surface on 11 November 2014. The FMI has participated in the design and manufacture of the five scientific measurement instruments that the Rosetta probe is carrying. By European standard's, the FMI's role in this project is therefore a very significant one. The first instrument to land on the comet will be the FMI-manufactured PP instrument, which is attached to the lander's legs. The instrument will be used to search for water on the surface of the comet. If water, which has the same isotopic composition as that found in the Earth's oceans, is found on the comet's surface, this will demonstrate that water, which has enabled life to form on Earth, has arrived on Earth at least partly on comets. FMI-made measurement instruments will also be used to study such things as the comet's dust and the comet's interaction with solar wind. If organic matter is found in the dust, it is possible that life was also brought to Earth by comets. >> More
Extensive sea ice surrounding Antarctica during December 2013 made it even more formidable than usual to access the icy continent. It was in this challenging environment that the Australasian Antarctic Expedition aboard the Russian ship Akademik Shokalskiy became trapped by thick floes of ice in eastern Antarctica’s Commonwealth Bay while following the route navigated by explorer Sir Douglas Mawson a century ago.
The National Snow and Ice Data Center reported that sea ice extent around Antarctica was above average in December. It was the highest December average since 2007 and second highest overall in the satellite record. Throughout 2013, satellites observed record extents for both the annual summer minimum (February) and winter maximum (September). >> More
February: Weather will be rather variable as cool or cold air in the morning, mostly at
Northern and Northeastern parts. Additionally, thunderstorms happen on some days.
March: High pressure air masses from China prevailing to cover the upper Thailand from time
to time will be mostly weak, and some southerly or southeasterly winds cover upper Thailand occasionally. Thus, the upper Thailand will be warm with thick fog in many areas and hot during daytime. However, in many areas of the Northern and Northern parts are still cool or cold in the morning and thunderstorms occur in some areas on some days. >> More
North India consisting of seven subdivisions (East U.P., West U.P. Uttaranchal,
Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir) receives about 17% of its annual
rainfall during the winter season (January to March). The Jammu & Kashmir in particular
receives about 30% of its annual rainfall during this period. The winter rainfall is very crucial for Rabi crops over the region. It is also crucial for the water management of the region. In view of these reasons, India Meteorological Department (IMD) has been issuing long range forecast outlook for the winter rainfall over north India. IMD also continuously works to improve the skill of the forecasting models. This year, for preparing the quantitative and probabilistic forecasts for winter season rainfall over the North India, a 4-parameter Principle Component Regression (PCR) has been used. Multi Model Ensemble Forecasts based on dynamical models from few important international agencies were also examined for guidance.
Based on the above information, the summary of the operational forecast for 2014 winter
season rainfall over north India is given below: IMD operational forecast for the 2014 winter season (Jan to March) is that the 2014 winter season rainfall over North India is most likely to be below normal (< 85 of the Long Period Average (LPA)). The LPA of the winter rainfall over North India for the period 1951-2000 is 183.1 mm. >> More
This statement gives a brief review of the performance of rainfall for October to 27th TANZANIA RAINFALL OUTLOOK FOR JANUARY TO MARCH 2014
This statement gives a brief review of the performance of rainfall for October to 27th
December, 2013 rainfall season, evolution of the climate systems and outlook for the January to March 2014 rainfall season.
1.0 REVIEW OF OCTOBER TO DECEMBER 2013 RAINFALL SEASON
During the short rain season of October to December 2013, most parts of the country
experienced below normal rainfall while western and Lake Victoria Basin areas experienced
normal to above normal rainfall. >> More
The weather in Iceland in 2013 was mainly favorable, however, the spring was harsh in the North and East and the summer was on the dull side in the South and West, with precipitation and cloudiness above average. This was the dullest summer of the new century in this area of the country.
The temperature was unusually high during the first two months but for the rest of the year it was closer to the 1961 - 1990 average, relatively coldest in April when persistent snow cover caused problems in the agriculture in the Northeast. An unusually severe but short cold spell hit during the last days of April and the first days of May and resulted in new May minimum temperature records both for the country as a whole and the inhabited areas as well. >>More
2013 in Russia has become the 6th warmest in the history of observation since 1891. It was 0.2 °C warmer than 2012, but considerably concedes to the record year 2007. In 2013 almost on the whole territory of Russia the average annual air temperature was higher than normal. This is for the first time since 2007. In 2013 in the south of Eastern Siberia it was colder than usually. It was 2 °C warmer than usually in the south of the Volga federal district, in Evenkia, in certain areas of the Sea of Okhotsk coast of the Khabarovsk and Kamchatka districts, and also in the north of the European territory: in Karelia, Murmansk region, Novaya Zemlya. On islands in the Kara Sea and Barents Sea the anomaly exceeded 3 °C. The anomaly of temperature in the Arctic in 2013 is less than in 2012 when it reached 6…7 °C and more. The average yearly temperature in the Arctic returned to the level observed 10 years ago. >> More
In the southwest peninsula of Cedros, one of Trinidad’s driest areas, Jenson Alexander grows the cocoa used for many years by the British chocolate giant Cadbury. Dry conditions mean that he frequently faces bush fires, a challenge compounded by increasing climate variability that makes it difficult to predict when an extended dry season, and the fires that accompany it, are likely to occur.
So in May, when the Trinidad and Tobago Meteorological Service (TTMS) began issuing weather bulletins specifically to keep farmers updated on expected weather conditions, he found a measure of relief. “Before, it was difficult when you were expecting to have rain and [instead] you were having drought…and bush fires,” Alexander told IPS. The 10-day bulletins for farmers that the TTMS issues have considerably reduced the uncertainty, he said. “Now we have updates, we can plan better, if we are having an extended dry season. So bush fires won’t affect us” as they did before, he said. Kenneth Kerr, a climate meteorologist at TTMS, told IPS that “cocoa farmers have indicated that they found the bulletins very useful.” Trinidad boasts some of the finest cocoa in the world and the makers of Cadbury chocolate once owned and operated a cocoa estate in the island. Kerr is one of two meteorologists in Trinidad and Tobago who produce 10-day forecasts geared specifically to the farming community. >> More
Wetter and warmer year in China: CMA climate bulletin
Wetter and warmer conditions with multiple meteorological disasters highlight climate last year, says the annual climate bulletin released by the China Meteorological Administration (CMA) today.
In 2013, the national average precipitation of China is 653.5mm, 4 percent higher than normal years. The average temperature is 10.2 degrees Celsius, 0.6 degrees Celsius higher than normal years, and the fourth warmest year since 1961, said Mr Song Lianchun, Director-general of National Climate Centre at a press conference on January 14 in Beijing.
The Bulletin shows that in 2013, the strongest heat wave since 1951 hit southern China. Northeast China, Northwest China, and Sichuan Basin saw severe heavy rain and floods. The rainfall in Songhua River basin in northeast China was the most since 1951. With more precipitation than normal, Song said due to small coverage and light intensity of the agro-meteorological disasters in major grain growing regions, the weather and climate conditions for agriculture production were generally favorable.
2013 was also a busy year for typhoon, during which there were 31 typhoons formed in northwestern Pacific ocean and South China Sea, 5.5 more than normal years. 9 typhoons made landfall in China, with 2 more than average. Over the year, typhoons caused 199 death, 67 missing and economic loss up to 120 billion Yuan. Warmer ocean, active convection and suitable circulation patterns contributed to the active typhoon season, said Song. >> More
The weakening of the ozone layer, which protects the earth from
ultraviolet radiation from the sun, has stopped and ozone levels have
started to rise. A Finnish and American group of researchers has
examined a series of measurements taken by two satellite measuring
instruments. With the help of the instruments on the GOMOS and SAGE II satellites, a combined series of measurements over 27 years has been created. The measurements indicate that a change took place in about 1997. The year is the same when the levels of substances that destroy ozone reached their peak in the ozone layer and started to decline.
"By using complex atmospheric models it is possible to predict that the ozone layer will recover by mid-century", says Research Professor Erkki Kyrölä of the Finnish Meteorological Institute.This positive development indicates that the international Montreal Protocol signed
in 1988, which banned the use of CFC gases which destroy ozone, has been effective.
Today's release of the Bureau of Meteorology Annual Climate Statement
2013 confirms Australia has recorded its hottest calendar year on
record.Average temperatures were 1.20°C above the long-term average of
21.8°C, breaking the previous record set in 2005 by 0.17°C. All states
and territories recorded above average temperatures in 2013, with
Western Australia, Northern Territory and South Australia breaking their previous annual average temperature records.The year started with a persistent heatwave in January, with Australia recording its hottest day (7 January), hottest week, and hottest month on record. A new record was set for the number of consecutive days the national average temperature exceeded 39°C - seven days between 2 and 8 January 2013, almost doubling the previous record of four consecutive days in 1973. >> More
The Bureau of Meteorology is now piloting a new heatwave service to
forecast the onset of extreme heat events. Assistant Director for Weather Services, Alasdair Hainsworth, said the new service complements the Bureau's existing maximum and minimum seven (7) day
temperature forecasts across the country."The heatwave service
provides a measure of the build-up of 'excess' heat and will provide a
more advanced indicator than temperature alone in anticipating the
impact of heat stress," Mr Hainsworth said."The pilot service uses a
heatwave intensity index that assesses the build up of heat over a
period of time, taking into account the long-term climate of a location and the maximum and minimum temperatures leading up to a heatwave event. >> More
Globally, a preliminary assessment of the global average temperature
from January to November suggests that 2013 is likely to be among the
ten warmest years since global records began in 1850. Moreover, there
were numerous significant weather events around the world in 2013,
including heat waves in Australia, Austria, Pakistan and southern
China, severe drought in Brazil, New Zealand, southern Africa and southern China, extreme rainfall and flooding in Queensland and New South Wales of Australia, Mozambique, Argentina, Alpine region of Europe, southern England, Poland, Czech Republic, Russia and India, heavy snow in the northern parts of the United Kingdom, the contiguous United States and the Middle East, Super Typhoon Usagi in southern China, Super Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines, Very Severe Cyclonic Storm Phailin in India as well as torrential rain induced by tropical cyclones in Mexico, Japan, the Philippines, Vietnam and Cambodia.
On November 1, 2013 the scientific expedition vessel «Akademik Fedorov» of the Arctic and Antarctic research Institute of Roshydromet was put out to sea from St. Petersburg under the program of the 59th Russian Antarctic Expedition (RAE). The captain of the ship is captain Igor Stetsun, the head of the 59-th seasonal RAE is Vladimir Bondarchuk. Both are well-experienced polar explorers, with many years on ships in ice-covered seas and on scientific stations in the Arctic and Antarctic in their past. From St. Petersburg to the Antarctic on board the ship went a crew of 72 people and 80 members of the RAE, 1537 tons of fuel, food, supplies, spare parts and equipment for the sledge-caterpillar hikes.