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Signing Ceremony for the Agreement on Cooperation in the Promotion of Knowledge on Disaster Risk Reduction between the Japanese Red Cross Society and the Japan Meteorological Agency _ 5 March 2014
|JMA Director-General Dr. Mitsuhiko Hatori (left) and JRCS President Mr. Tadateru Konoe (right) sign the agreement at JMA Headquarters.|
The Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) and the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) held a signing ceremony for the Agreement on Cooperation in the Promotion of Knowledge on Disaster Risk Reduction on 5 March 2014 at JMA Headquarters in Tokyo, Japan.
JRCS President Mr. Tadateru Konoe and JMA Director-General Dr. Mitsuhiko Hatori signed the agreement for the purpose of helping to mitigate damage and reduce the number of victims from possible natural hazards that may occur in the future, taking into account the experience of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake.
JMA will provide JRCS with up-to-date information and materials to raise public awareness of disaster risk reduction, and JRCS will provide related education at around 13,000 kindergartens, nursery schools, elementary and junior/senior high schools, and schools for children with special needs nationwide through its Junior Red Cross activities. These efforts will be promoted not only at head office level but also among the field offices of JRCS and JMA.
Based on this cooperation between JRCS and JMA, the promotion of knowledge on disaster risk reduction is expected to enable Japanese people to utilize weather information more effectively and to better take action depending on their circumstances. JRCS and JMA will also share experience gained through this initiative with relevant departments internationally. >> More
The XXII Olympic / XI Paralympic Games «Sochi-2014» will be held in Sochi, Russia, on February 8-23 / March 7-16, 2014. Roshydromet (the Russian Federal Service for HydroMeteorology and Environmental Monitoring), is responsible for providing of hydrological and meteorological support and services to ensure the safety of the guests and participants and efficient work of involved bodies.
On February 12 a delegation from the Republic of Korea — host of the XXIII Winter Olympic Games of 2018 visited the Olympic team of Roshydromet meteorologists. Among the representatives of the Korean Meteorological Administration there was the Chief Meteorologist of the Olympic Games-2018, the Director of Departments of Sports, Snow, Ecology and Weather of the Organizing Committee of the Olympic Winter Games of 2018 in Pyeongchang and managers of the sport teams. >> More
Depuis le début de cette année 2014, les températures ont affiché des valeurs supérieures à la normale sur l'ensemble du pays. La France métropolitaine a connu un début d'année doux avec une anomalie globale de température moyenne de +2,5°C entre le 1er janvier et le 17 février.
Depuis le 1er janvier, l'indicateur thermique quotidien pour la France métropolitaine, constitué de la moyenne des températures quotidiennes* de 30 stations métropolitaines, est resté toujours supérieur à sa moyenne climatologique (moyenne de référence 1981-2010). >> Suite
Recently, the field observation on the scientific research project of sea ice has finished. This project is undertaken by CMA Meteorological Observation Center, Meteorological Scientific Institute of Tianjin, Shanghai Ocean University and other organizations. The project group reflected signal by Beidou Satellite and American GPS navigational satellite to collect observation data twice every day.
Meanwhile, the group also sent special worker to develop manual observation to check error. Using navigation satellite to observe sea ice is the first time in China whole meteorological department. It not only monitors the areas of sea ice, but also develops dynamic intensive observation. In addition, the observation methods also realized real-time monitoring for thickness of sea ice. Tianjin meteorological bureau will take the opportunity to develop regular observation on sea ice, build integrated observation station and add observation methods for sea fog, sea wind and other factors. >> More
On February 18, the conclusion meeting on the in-orbiting test of "Feng Yun-3 C Satellite" was held in Beijing. This marked the test has been completely finished. The result was that the function of this satellite system was stable and sound. All the performances and indexes have reached the requirement which were even better than A and B satellites.
On September 23, 2013, Feng Yun-3 C Satellite was successfully launched in Taiyuan of Shanxi Province.
On October 21, it entered into the in-orbiting stage. Yu Rucong, Deputy Administrator of China Meteorological Administration and leader of the testing team said "The successful test marks China's second generation of polar-orbiting meteorological satellite has changed from experiment and application to operation and service. In next stage, we should strengthen the in-orbiting operation and management so as to play its effectiveness of the application." >> More
With respect to Qatar Meteorology Department's vision towards development, progress and assume the leadership in the field of meteorology, a mutual agreement has been reached between Qatar Meteorology Department and Korea Meteorology Department to enhance the collaboration and coordination in the fields of climate, meteorology, earthquakes and natural hazards.
In addition, the information, resources and technological knowledge exchange are facilitated in order to exchange scientific benefits to build an integrated task force with the highest efficiency and skills to reach the desired results with the best quality. >> More
The Bureau of Meteorology has released a new public weather portal which allows weather enthusiasts to view and share observations, sightings and photos in real-time.The Weather Observations Website (WOW) represents a collaborative partnership between the Australian Bureau of Meteorology and its British equivalent the Met Office, the UK's national weather service. The new service will be trialled for the first time in Australia from today. Assistant Director Observing Strategy and Operations, Dr Anthony Rea, said the data uploaded to the Weather Observations Website by the public would complement data delivered around the clock from more than 700 official Automatic Weather Stations across Australia. >> More
On February 18, the Minister of Emergency Situations Armen Yeritsyan received the regional project manager of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Daisuke Fukumori. In the conference hall of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, Minister Yeritsyan and JICA project manager Daisuke Fukumori signed a protocol of "Landslide disaster management program in the Republic of Armenia". Welcoming the guests, Minister of Emergency Situations Armen Yeritsyan noted:
One-third of the territory of Armenia is in a dangerous landslide zone. In our country there are about 3,000 landslides, of which the most dangerous are 120. I am confident, that this program will be a significant contribution to the prevention of landslides and mitigation of damages. Landslides management issues are in the spotlight of the Government of the RA. In July 2013, the Government of Armenia approved the concept of "Management of landslide disasters of the Republic of Armenia". >> More
El Instituto de Hidrología Meteorología y Estudios Ambientales (IDEAM), lanzó al país alertas tempranas sobre desabastecimiento de agua e incendios forestales.
Así lo dio a conocer el Director General del IDEAM, Omar Franco Torres, quien explicó en rueda de prensa, la marcada tendencia de niveles bajos en los ríos del país y de las micro cuencas que los abastecen. "Básicamente los departamentos del centro oriente del país, el sector oriental del departamento de Cundinamarca, Boyacá, Santander y Norte de Santander. Esto quiere decir que los niveles de los afluentes de las micro cuencas pueden tener comprometido su nivel de abastecimiento", anunció el funcionario nacional.
El Director del IDEAM explicó a los medios de comunicación que la Orinoquía, Arauca, Meta y Casanare, también se encuentran en riesgo de desabastecimiento de agua debido a las altas temperaturas registradas por estos días.
"En la zona Caribe los departamentos de Cesar, Guajira, Magdalena, Bolívar y Atlántico, y algunas proyecciones del departamento de Sucre y Córdoba, también presentan esta situación", agregó Franco Torres. >> Mas
En los eventos históricos de diciembre 2013 y enero 2014 para varias localidades del país, la persistencia de días con temperaturas extremadamente altas, o sea los días en los que las temperaturas se ubicaron por encima del umbral que se considera extremo, han superado los récord principalmente en el centro y norte del territorio nacional, y en el norte de la Patagonia . Estos eventos se vuelven a repetir para el extremo noreste del territorio, desde el 28 de enero hasta el día 12 de febrero. Para este período las temperaturas mínimas oscilaron entre 22°C y 28°C, y las máximas entre 31°C y 42°C. >> Mas
La Agencia Estatal de Meteorología, dependiente del Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente (MAGRAMA), presidirá la VIII reunión anual de la Junta Directiva Internacional de CIIFEN que se celebrará el lunes 24 de febrero en la sede central de AEMET en Madrid para realizar un repaso a las actuaciones llevadas a cabo durante el año pasado y establecer las líneas estratégicas en las que va a trabajar el centro durante este año.
La reunión estará presidida por Miguel Ángel López, presidente de AEMET, y contará con la presencia del secretario general de la Organización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM), Michel Jarraud. Al encuentro también acudirán el director internacional de CIIFEN, Daniel Pabón; el oficial del proyecto para América de la OMM, Andrés Orías; Pedro Basabe de UNISDR (Estrategia de Naciones Unidas para la Reducción de Riesgos de Desastre); María Córdova, representante del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Movilidad Humana de Ecuador y Julián Reyna, secretario general de la Comisión Permanente del Pacífico Sur. Además, intervendrá por videoconferencia Miguel Ángel Rabiolo, jefe de la Oficina Regional de América de la OMM y también acudirán otros miembros implicados de AEMET. España ha tenido un papel destacado en la puesta en marcha de CIIFEN, ya que junto con la OMM dio apoyo a la idea desde sus inicios y los dos primeros directores fueron españole y funcionarios de AEMET. >> Mas
A quelques jours de la fin de l'hiver météorologique, la Suisse vivra sans doute son troisième hiver (période du 1er décembre au 28 février) le plus chaud en moyenne nationale depuis le début des mesures en 1864, derrière les hivers 2006/2007 et 1989/1990. Par ailleurs, alors que des précipitations sont encore prévues au Tessin d'ici la fin du mois, la ville de Lugano a connu son hiver le plus humide depuis 1864, dépassant largement le record de l'hiver 1950/1951.
Le froid n'étant toujours pas prévu d'ici la fin du mois, il est déjà possible de tirer quelques conclusions au sujet de l'hiver météorologique 2013/2014 qui s'achèvera dans quelques jours. Ainsi, on peut déjà affirmer de manière très prudente que la Suisse vivra son troisième hiver le plus chaud en moyenne nationale depuis le début des mesures en 1864, derrière les hivers 2006/2007 et 1989/1990. L'écart à la norme 1981-2010 sera probablement compris entre 1.7 et 1.9 degré. >> suite
Le mois de janvier 2014 a été très doux et marqué par des inondations dans de nombreuses regionsmetefran. La France a connu des flux d'ouest à sud-ouest perturbés apportant pluies et douceur maritimes. Ainsi, les températures ont été très clémentes pour la saison malgré un ensoleillement déficitaire. Les passages pluvieux abondants et successifs ont provoqué des inondations en Bretagne en début de mois, dans le Sud-Est les 18-19, puis dans le Sud-Ouest en fin de mois. Les températures ont affiché des valeurs supérieures à la normale pendant tout le mois sur l'ensemble du pays. Le nombre de jours de gel a été très faible. Avec 1988 et 1936, ce mois de janvier devrait être l'un des plus chauds depuis 1900. Les pluies ont été très excédentaires dans le sud-est du pays ainsi que du Cotentin à la Bretagne et au Sud-Ouest. La pluviométrie a été plus faible dans un petit quart nord-est et de la Picardie au Bassin parisien. En revanche, le déficit dépasse 50 % dans le Roussillon. En moyenne sur la France, les précipitations devraient être supérieures à la normale* de plus de 30 %. >> More
Early Met Office statistics for January 2014 show that the southeast and central southern England region has already had its wettest January in records going back to 1910, with three days still to go. A large area of southern England from East Devon to Kent and inland across parts of the midlands has already seen twice the average rainfall for the month. Southeast and central southern England has received more than twice its average rainfall with 175.2 mm of rain from 1 - 28 January. This beats the previous record of 158.2 mm set in January 1988. Further west across southwest England and south Wales the 222.6 mm of rainfall up to the 28th means January 2014 is already the 5th wettest on record and the wettest January since 1995 (224.4 mm). The wettest January on record here was 1948 when 244.3 mm of rain was recorded. >> More
Janvier 2014 a été le cinquième mois de janvier le plus chaud depuis le début des mesures il y a 150 ans.Il a fait exceptionnellement doux au cours des deux premières décades. En altitude, l’hiver a bien été présent au Sud des Alpes et en Engadine avec beaucoup de neige. Sur le reste du massif alpin, les quantités de neige ont été normales à fortement déficitaires. Le nord du Plateau est resté libre de neige.
Beaucoup de neige au Sud des Alpes et en Engadine
A la fin décembre 2013 déjà, une importante couche de neige s’était constituée dans les montagnes du Sud des Alpes. D’autres fortes chutes de neige se sont produites au cours de ce mois, notamment le 4 et du 13 au 19 janvier, si bien que l’importante couche de neige s’est mainte nue. A Bosco Gurin (1505 mètres), la couche de neige a atteint une épaisseur de 170 cm, soit la valeur la plus élevée depuis 20 ans et la quatrième valeur la plus élevée pour un mois de janvier depuis le début des mesures en 1961. L’épaisseur maximale du m anteau neigeux à Bosco. Gurin a été mesurée en avril 1975 avec 410 cm. Au deuxième rang figure mars 1972 avec une couche de neige déjà nettement moins épaisse de 300 cm. >> More
The M4 weather buoy, located off the Northwest coast, recorded a new maximum individual wave height of 23.4 metres at 15.00 on Sunday 26thJanuary 2014 during the weekend storm.
This figure easily surpasses the previous record of 20.4 metres at the same location in December 2011.
The M4 buoy is one of a new generation of weather buoys with the ability to measure maximum wave height as well as the more usual Significant Wave Height.
The Significant Wave Height is defined as the average height of the highest one-third of the waves and that is what our forecasts of wave height refer to.
In general, the highest wave of all will be about twice the Significant Wave Height. >> More
The Finnish Meteorological Institute's instruments are on a mission to solve one of the most interesting questions that perplexes humankind: did comets bring water and life to planet Earth? The Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) is a strong player in the European Space Association's (ESA) Rosetta Mission. Rosetta is currently en route to the Churyumov-Gerasimenko comet. Rosetta's lander is scheduled to land on the comet's surface on 11 November 2014. The FMI has participated in the design and manufacture of the five scientific measurement instruments that the Rosetta probe is carrying. By European standard's, the FMI's role in this project is therefore a very significant one. The first instrument to land on the comet will be the FMI-manufactured PP instrument, which is attached to the lander's legs. The instrument will be used to search for water on the surface of the comet. If water, which has the same isotopic composition as that found in the Earth's oceans, is found on the comet's surface, this will demonstrate that water, which has enabled life to form on Earth, has arrived on Earth at least partly on comets. FMI-made measurement instruments will also be used to study such things as the comet's dust and the comet's interaction with solar wind. If organic matter is found in the dust, it is possible that life was also brought to Earth by comets. >> More
Extensive sea ice surrounding Antarctica during December 2013 made it even more formidable than usual to access the icy continent. It was in this challenging environment that the Australasian Antarctic Expedition aboard the Russian ship Akademik Shokalskiy became trapped by thick floes of ice in eastern Antarctica’s Commonwealth Bay while following the route navigated by explorer Sir Douglas Mawson a century ago.
The National Snow and Ice Data Center reported that sea ice extent around Antarctica was above average in December. It was the highest December average since 2007 and second highest overall in the satellite record. Throughout 2013, satellites observed record extents for both the annual summer minimum (February) and winter maximum (September). >> More
February: Weather will be rather variable as cool or cold air in the morning, mostly at
Northern and Northeastern parts. Additionally, thunderstorms happen on some days.
March: High pressure air masses from China prevailing to cover the upper Thailand from time
to time will be mostly weak, and some southerly or southeasterly winds cover upper Thailand occasionally. Thus, the upper Thailand will be warm with thick fog in many areas and hot during daytime. However, in many areas of the Northern and Northern parts are still cool or cold in the morning and thunderstorms occur in some areas on some days. >> More
North India consisting of seven subdivisions (East U.P., West U.P. Uttaranchal,
Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir) receives about 17% of its annual
rainfall during the winter season (January to March). The Jammu & Kashmir in particular
receives about 30% of its annual rainfall during this period. The winter rainfall is very crucial for Rabi crops over the region. It is also crucial for the water management of the region. In view of these reasons, India Meteorological Department (IMD) has been issuing long range forecast outlook for the winter rainfall over north India. IMD also continuously works to improve the skill of the forecasting models. This year, for preparing the quantitative and probabilistic forecasts for winter season rainfall over the North India, a 4-parameter Principle Component Regression (PCR) has been used. Multi Model Ensemble Forecasts based on dynamical models from few important international agencies were also examined for guidance.
Based on the above information, the summary of the operational forecast for 2014 winter
season rainfall over north India is given below: IMD operational forecast for the 2014 winter season (Jan to March) is that the 2014 winter season rainfall over North India is most likely to be below normal (< 85 of the Long Period Average (LPA)). The LPA of the winter rainfall over North India for the period 1951-2000 is 183.1 mm. >> More
This statement gives a brief review of the performance of rainfall for October to 27th TANZANIA RAINFALL OUTLOOK FOR JANUARY TO MARCH 2014
This statement gives a brief review of the performance of rainfall for October to 27th
December, 2013 rainfall season, evolution of the climate systems and outlook for the January to March 2014 rainfall season.
1.0 REVIEW OF OCTOBER TO DECEMBER 2013 RAINFALL SEASON
During the short rain season of October to December 2013, most parts of the country
experienced below normal rainfall while western and Lake Victoria Basin areas experienced
normal to above normal rainfall. >> More
The weather in Iceland in 2013 was mainly favorable, however, the spring was harsh in the North and East and the summer was on the dull side in the South and West, with precipitation and cloudiness above average. This was the dullest summer of the new century in this area of the country.
The temperature was unusually high during the first two months but for the rest of the year it was closer to the 1961 - 1990 average, relatively coldest in April when persistent snow cover caused problems in the agriculture in the Northeast. An unusually severe but short cold spell hit during the last days of April and the first days of May and resulted in new May minimum temperature records both for the country as a whole and the inhabited areas as well. >>More
2013 in Russia has become the 6th warmest in the history of observation since 1891. It was 0.2 °C warmer than 2012, but considerably concedes to the record year 2007. In 2013 almost on the whole territory of Russia the average annual air temperature was higher than normal. This is for the first time since 2007. In 2013 in the south of Eastern Siberia it was colder than usually. It was 2 °C warmer than usually in the south of the Volga federal district, in Evenkia, in certain areas of the Sea of Okhotsk coast of the Khabarovsk and Kamchatka districts, and also in the north of the European territory: in Karelia, Murmansk region, Novaya Zemlya. On islands in the Kara Sea and Barents Sea the anomaly exceeded 3 °C. The anomaly of temperature in the Arctic in 2013 is less than in 2012 when it reached 6…7 °C and more. The average yearly temperature in the Arctic returned to the level observed 10 years ago. >> More
In the southwest peninsula of Cedros, one of Trinidad’s driest areas, Jenson Alexander grows the cocoa used for many years by the British chocolate giant Cadbury. Dry conditions mean that he frequently faces bush fires, a challenge compounded by increasing climate variability that makes it difficult to predict when an extended dry season, and the fires that accompany it, are likely to occur.
So in May, when the Trinidad and Tobago Meteorological Service (TTMS) began issuing weather bulletins specifically to keep farmers updated on expected weather conditions, he found a measure of relief. “Before, it was difficult when you were expecting to have rain and [instead] you were having drought…and bush fires,” Alexander told IPS. The 10-day bulletins for farmers that the TTMS issues have considerably reduced the uncertainty, he said. “Now we have updates, we can plan better, if we are having an extended dry season. So bush fires won’t affect us” as they did before, he said. Kenneth Kerr, a climate meteorologist at TTMS, told IPS that “cocoa farmers have indicated that they found the bulletins very useful.” Trinidad boasts some of the finest cocoa in the world and the makers of Cadbury chocolate once owned and operated a cocoa estate in the island. Kerr is one of two meteorologists in Trinidad and Tobago who produce 10-day forecasts geared specifically to the farming community. >> More
Wetter and warmer year in China: CMA climate bulletin
Wetter and warmer conditions with multiple meteorological disasters highlight climate last year, says the annual climate bulletin released by the China Meteorological Administration (CMA) today.
In 2013, the national average precipitation of China is 653.5mm, 4 percent higher than normal years. The average temperature is 10.2 degrees Celsius, 0.6 degrees Celsius higher than normal years, and the fourth warmest year since 1961, said Mr Song Lianchun, Director-general of National Climate Centre at a press conference on January 14 in Beijing.
The Bulletin shows that in 2013, the strongest heat wave since 1951 hit southern China. Northeast China, Northwest China, and Sichuan Basin saw severe heavy rain and floods. The rainfall in Songhua River basin in northeast China was the most since 1951. With more precipitation than normal, Song said due to small coverage and light intensity of the agro-meteorological disasters in major grain growing regions, the weather and climate conditions for agriculture production were generally favorable.
2013 was also a busy year for typhoon, during which there were 31 typhoons formed in northwestern Pacific ocean and South China Sea, 5.5 more than normal years. 9 typhoons made landfall in China, with 2 more than average. Over the year, typhoons caused 199 death, 67 missing and economic loss up to 120 billion Yuan. Warmer ocean, active convection and suitable circulation patterns contributed to the active typhoon season, said Song. >> More
The weakening of the ozone layer, which protects the earth from
ultraviolet radiation from the sun, has stopped and ozone levels have
started to rise. A Finnish and American group of researchers has
examined a series of measurements taken by two satellite measuring
instruments. With the help of the instruments on the GOMOS and SAGE II satellites, a combined series of measurements over 27 years has been created. The measurements indicate that a change took place in about 1997. The year is the same when the levels of substances that destroy ozone reached their peak in the ozone layer and started to decline.
"By using complex atmospheric models it is possible to predict that the ozone layer will recover by mid-century", says Research Professor Erkki Kyrölä of the Finnish Meteorological Institute.This positive development indicates that the international Montreal Protocol signed
in 1988, which banned the use of CFC gases which destroy ozone, has been effective.
Today's release of the Bureau of Meteorology Annual Climate Statement
2013 confirms Australia has recorded its hottest calendar year on
record.Average temperatures were 1.20°C above the long-term average of
21.8°C, breaking the previous record set in 2005 by 0.17°C. All states
and territories recorded above average temperatures in 2013, with
Western Australia, Northern Territory and South Australia breaking their previous annual average temperature records.The year started with a persistent heatwave in January, with Australia recording its hottest day (7 January), hottest week, and hottest month on record. A new record was set for the number of consecutive days the national average temperature exceeded 39°C - seven days between 2 and 8 January 2013, almost doubling the previous record of four consecutive days in 1973. >> More
The Bureau of Meteorology is now piloting a new heatwave service to
forecast the onset of extreme heat events. Assistant Director for Weather Services, Alasdair Hainsworth, said the new service complements the Bureau's existing maximum and minimum seven (7) day
temperature forecasts across the country."The heatwave service
provides a measure of the build-up of 'excess' heat and will provide a
more advanced indicator than temperature alone in anticipating the
impact of heat stress," Mr Hainsworth said."The pilot service uses a
heatwave intensity index that assesses the build up of heat over a
period of time, taking into account the long-term climate of a location and the maximum and minimum temperatures leading up to a heatwave event. >> More
Globally, a preliminary assessment of the global average temperature
from January to November suggests that 2013 is likely to be among the
ten warmest years since global records began in 1850. Moreover, there
were numerous significant weather events around the world in 2013,
including heat waves in Australia, Austria, Pakistan and southern
China, severe drought in Brazil, New Zealand, southern Africa and southern China, extreme rainfall and flooding in Queensland and New South Wales of Australia, Mozambique, Argentina, Alpine region of Europe, southern England, Poland, Czech Republic, Russia and India, heavy snow in the northern parts of the United Kingdom, the contiguous United States and the Middle East, Super Typhoon Usagi in southern China, Super Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines, Very Severe Cyclonic Storm Phailin in India as well as torrential rain induced by tropical cyclones in Mexico, Japan, the Philippines, Vietnam and Cambodia.
On November 1, 2013 the scientific expedition vessel «Akademik Fedorov» of the Arctic and Antarctic research Institute of Roshydromet was put out to sea from St. Petersburg under the program of the 59th Russian Antarctic Expedition (RAE). The captain of the ship is captain Igor Stetsun, the head of the 59-th seasonal RAE is Vladimir Bondarchuk. Both are well-experienced polar explorers, with many years on ships in ice-covered seas and on scientific stations in the Arctic and Antarctic in their past. From St. Petersburg to the Antarctic on board the ship went a crew of 72 people and 80 members of the RAE, 1537 tons of fuel, food, supplies, spare parts and equipment for the sledge-caterpillar hikes.