The WMO GAW Urban Research Meteorology and Environment (GURME) project was recently started in response to the requests of the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs). The lead responsibility for the programme rests with the Scientific Advisory Group for GURME. NMHSs have an important role to play in the study and management of urban environment because they collect information and have capabilities that are essential to the forecasting of urban air pollution and the evaluation of the effects of different emission control strategies. The WMO established GURME as a mean to help enhance the capabilities of NMHSs to handle meteorological and related aspects of urban pollution. GURME is designed to do this through co-ordination and focussing of present activities, as well as initiation of new ones. More details about the GURME programme can be found at the GURME web site. Please visit: Here
GURME is an integral part of urban research and services, and its activities include:
Go to GURME website for list of projects.
The GURME project arose in response to the requests for assistance by many National Meteorological Services (NMSs) dealing with urban issues, and in recognition that the management of urban environments requires special attention. The genesis of the project began in the Twelfth World Meteorological Congress (1995) where it was determined that meteorological and climatological aspects of urban environments should receive increased attention within WMO programmes. In response, the Executive Council added the field of the urban atmospheric environment to the terms of reference of the EC Panel of Experts/CAS Working Group on Environmental Pollution and Atmospheric Chemistry. A meeting of Experts on Atmospheric Urban Pollution and the Role of the National Meteorological Services was convened in Geneva in October 1996 to help define issues and needs and to plan for future WMO activities related to urban environments.
The GURME SAG continues to focus on the development of models and associated research activities to enhance the capabilities of the NMHSs in providing urban-environmental forecasting and air quality services of high quality, illustrating the linkages between meteorology and air quality. In support of WMO’s integrated urban services initiative and the creation of the SAG-Apps, the GURME SAG’s focus is now centered on models and applications applicable to describe the urban environment and how these environments interact with the regional and global scales. Activities within GURME will expand beyond its experience and strengths in air quality to a broader coordination and facilitation of integrated forecasting projects for the urban environment where the health of citizens is the main driver.
GURME SAG Members (link)
The main objective of the SAG-Apps is to develop a portfolio of modelling products and services related to atmospheric composition, and more specifically to demonstrate the usefulness of exchanging chemical observational data in Near-Real-Time in support of monitoring and forecasting applications. The rationale of forming the SAG-Apps is WMO’s strategy to provide advice and support to the meteorological institutions to broaden their services and products from conventional weather forecast to services that include aspects of the atmospheric environment. The vision is that development of a portfolio of demonstration projects (i.e. designing concepts, endorsing initiatives, stimulating communities to develop these projects) will provide the necessary impetus to speed up the emergence and expansion of such services. These developments will not only benefit NRT applications, but also provide a closer link to assessment activities, such as they are currently performed under the TF HTAP and partner organizations in the health (e.g., WHO), agriculture/vegetation (e.g., CLRTAP) and climate communities (e.g. CCMI).
GURME Strategic Plan (link)
India Commonwealth Games GURME Pilot Project SAFAR (link)
The Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune, is spearheading the country's first major initiative named a "System of Air Quality Forecasting and Research (SAFAR)", which was successfully tested during the commonwealth Games 2010 for National Capital Region Delhi. The vision is to spread the SAFAR to other major cities in India.
PROMOTE Project - Project of the Air Pollution and Human Health Programme (supported by NERC, MOES, DBT, MRC and Newton Fund). Process analysis, observations and modelling Integrated solutions for cleaner air in Delhi, India (link)
Mexico City GURME Pilot Project (link)
Chilean Cities GURME Pilot Project(link)
Shanghai Multi Hazards Early Warning System(link)
Study of Urban-Impacts on Rainfall and Fog/Haze (SURF project)
See more projects on: here
WMO and GURME on the UN HABITAT-III Conference (link)
Integrated Urban Weather, Water, Environment and Climate Services:
A priority of WMO is to enhance the capabilities of National Meteorological and Hydrology Services in conducting research and providing services for cities to deal with weather, water, climate and environmental problems.
See more information here (link)
Multiple hazards in urban areas
See more events on:Here
and the earliest: Here
See more on: Here
Urban-scale environmental prediction systems. Chapter 18 in the WWOSC Book Seamless Prediction of the: Earth System: from Minutes to Months, (G Brunet, S Jones, PM Ruti Eds.), (WMO-No. 1156), (ISBN 978-92-63-11156-2), Geneva, pp. 347-370, 2015 Web-link: http://public.wmo.int/en/resources/library/seamless-prediction-of-earth-system-from-minutes-months
228. WMO Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) Implementation Plan: 2016-2023
226. Coupled Chemistry-Meteorology/ Climate Modelling (CCMM): status and relevance for numerical weather prediction, atmospheric pollution and climate research (Geneva, Switzerland, 23-25 February 2015) ( WMO-No. 1172; WCRP Report No. 9/2016), 165 pp. May 2016
205. WMO/IGAC Impacts of Megacities on Air Pollution and Climate (Lead authors: Tong Zhu, Megan L. Melamed, David Parrish, Michael Gauss, Laura Gallardo Klenner, Mark Lawrence, Abdourahamane Konare and Cathy Liousse), ISBN: 978-0-9882867-0-2, 309 pp. September 2012
187. Joint Report of COST Action 728 and GURME – Review of the Capabilities of Meteorological and Chemistry-Transport Models for Describing and Predicting Air Pollution Episodes (ISBN 978-1-905313-77-8) (WMO TD No. 1502), 69 pp, electronic version - July 2009
181. Joint Report of COST Action 728 and GURME. Overview of Tools and Methods for Meteorological and Air Pollution Mesoscale Model Evaluation and User Training (WMO TD No. 1457), 121 pp, November 2008
©2017 World Meteorological Organization, 7bis, avenue de la Paix, CP No. 2300, CH-1211 Geneva 2, Switzerland - Tel.: +41(0)22 730 81 11 - Fax: +41(0)22 730 81 81