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Research and Development Project(RDP)

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Understanding and PreDiction of Rainfall Associated with landFalling Tropical cyclones

(UPDRAFT)

(2014-2018)

UPDRAFT

 

Lead Center:

Nanjing University, China

 

Lead Investigator:

Prof WANG Yuan

The Understanding and PreDiction of Rainfall Associated with landFalling Tropical cyclones (UPDRAFT) Research and Development Project was proposed by the Key Laboratory of Mesoscale Severe Weather (LMSWE) at Nanjing University (NJU)in 2013. After two preparatory meetings to work on the project's implementation plan, UPDRAFT commenced in November 2014. UPDRAFT's duration is from November 2014 to October 2022. UPDRAFT is jointly supported by WMO's World Weather Research and Tropical Cyclone Programmes. It is led by CAS/CMA and LMSWE/NJU.  UPDRAFT is closely collaborating with WMO's TLFDP and UN/ESCAP Typhoon Committee's EXOTICCA.

 NEWS

The UPDRAFT Progress Meeting and Joint TLFDP/UPDRAFT Workshop was successfully held in Shanghai on 20 and 21 October 2016

 

          Shanghai2016

Meeting Report

Workshop Proceedings                                                           

 

          SCIENTIFIC OBJECTIVES

To improve theunderstanding and prediction of rainfall associated with landfalling tropical cyclones.

Basic Research: To enhance the understanding of some key physical processes influencing the characteristics of tropical cyclone precipitation. To investigate what elements modulate the features of landfalling tropical cyclone rainfall, how they solely and/or jointly influence the rainfall characteristics and which are the dominant factors.

Applied Research: To develop an optimal configuration of state-of-the-art numerical models suitable for simulating and forecasting tropical cyclone rainfall. To develop new statistical and dynamical methods of predicting rainfall in landfalling tropincal cyclones and improve the performance of operational numerical models.

      IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE

UPDRAFT_gantt chart

                          PROJECT MANAGEMENT

Project Chairperson: Yuan WANG (NJU)

Project vice-Chairperson:

 

WMO Secretariat Support:

PENG Taoyong (TCP)

Nanette LOMARDA (WWRP)

International Scientific Steering Committee

 

Chairperson:  Rob ROGERS (HRD/NOAA/USA)

Members:

DUAN Yihong (CAMS/CMA/China) - representing WGTMR

Johnny CHAN (CUHK/HK, China) - representing TC Panel/WGTMR

Ajit TYAGI (MES/India) - representing Monsoon Panel/WGTMR

Hui YU (STI/CMA/China) - representing WGN&MR

Jing CHEN (CAS/CMA/China) - representing JWGFVR

Jane ROVINS (DRRS/USA) - representing WGSERA

WANG Yuqing (Hawaii Uni/Australia)

Noel DAVIDSON (CAWCR/Australia)

Peter BLACK (NRL/USA)

    

Technique Support Team

TEAM 1 (Observing Group)

Team Leader: Peter Black (NRL/USA)

Members:

Kun ZHAO - radar (NJU/China)

Dong-In LEE - radar data analysis (PNU/ROK)

Hiroshi UYEDA - dropsonde observation design & analysis (Nagoya Uni/Japan)

Ben JOU - radar data analysis (PSA)

Wai-Kin WONG - nowcasting & numerical simulation (HKO/HK, China)

Xiaotu LEI - TC dynamics & observation (STI/CMA/China)

Jian HUANG - TC dynamics & landfalling process (TMI/CMA/China)

Liping LIU - microphysical process observation & simulation (CAMS/CMA/China)

Xiaowen TANG - radar data analysis (NJU/China)

              

TEAM 2 (Modelling Group)

Team Leader: Noel DAVIDSON (CACWR/Australia)

Members:

Yuqing WANG - sensitivities to various environmental conditions (Hawaii Uni/Australia)

Ming XUE - improving microphysics process (NJU/China)

Baojun CHEN - microphysical process analysis (NJU/China)

Xuejin ZHANG - sensitivities to land surface properties & improving the land surface model (HRD/NOAA/USA)

Vijay TALLAPAGRADA - sensitivities to aerosol characteristics & improving aerosol capability (EMC/USA)

Hiroyuki YAMADA - sensitivities to topgraphy (JAMSTEC/Japan)

Jing XU - high resolution NWP for landfalling TCs (CAMS/CMA/China)

Qilin WAN - sensitivities to urban surface boundary (TMI/CMA/China)

Suhong MA - improving PBL scheme (NMC/CMA/China)

Huling YUAN - identify high resolution model deficiencies (NJU/China)

Kefeng ZHU - evaluate high-resolution model representation of those identified processes 

         (NJU/China)

 

 
TEAM 3 (Understanding Group)

Team Leader: Robert ROGERS (HRD/NOAA/USA)

Members:

Liquang WU - climate change and TC activity (NJU/China)

Johnny CHAN - TC climatology (CUHK/HK, China)

Jeff KEPERT - boundary layers and turbulence (CAWCR/Australia)

Mark LANDER - tropical climate & climate variability (Uni Guam/USA)

Juan FANG - intensity & structure change of TCs (NJU/China)

Shoujuan SHU - TC genesis (NJU/China)

Xin XU - meteorological data analysis (NJU/China)

 

TEAM 4 (Forecasting Group)

Team Leader: Hui YU (STI/CMA/China)

Members:

Bowen ZHOU - meteorological data analysis & processing (NJU/China)

Guifu ZHANG - radar polarimetry for quantitative precipitation estimation & forecast

        (NJU/China)

Xiaoyong ZHUGE - satellite-based retrieval of TC rainfall (NJU/China)

Jie MING - forecast product verification (NJU/China)

Jinjie SONG - statistical weather forecasting theory & technology (NJU/China)

 

TEAM 5 (Data Management Group)

Team Leader:

 

ACTIVITIES & EVENTS

MEETINGS

 

 

WORKSHOPS

 

 

DOCUMENTS

UPDRAFT Implementation Plan  

 

PUBLICATIONS/PUBLISHED ARTICLES

2015

Jie Tang, David Byrne, Jun A. Zhang, Yuan Wang (corresponding author), Xiao-tu Lei, Dan Wu, Ping-zhi Fang, and Bing-ke Zhao (2015): Horizontal Transition of Turbulent Cascade in the Near-Surface Layer of Tropical Cyclones. J. Atmos. Sci., 72, 4915–4925.

Li, X., J. Ming, M. Xue, Yuan Wang (corresponding author) and K. Zhao (2015), Implementation of a dynamic equation constraint based on the steady state momentum equations within the WRF hybrid ensemble-3DVar data assimilation system and test with radar T-TREC wind assimilation for tropical Cyclone Chanthu (2010), J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120, 4017–4039, doi:10.1002/2014JD022706.

Jinfeng Ding, Xiao-Yong Zhuge, Yuan Wang (corresponding author), and Anyuan Xiong,    (2015): Evaluation of Chinese Aircraft Meteorological Data Relay (AMDAR) Weather Reports. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 32, 982–992. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00145.1

Zhuge, X. Y., Guan, J., Yu, F., and Wang Yuan (corresponding author), (2015) A New Satellite-Based Indicator for Estimation of the Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Current Intensity. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, 53, 5661-5676. (Cover Story)

Xiao-Yong Zhuge, Jie Ming and Yuan Wang(corresponding author) (2015): Reassessing the Use of Inner-Core Hot Towers to Predict Tropical Cyclone Rapid Intensification. Wea. Forecasting, 30, 1265–1279.

Xin Xu, Ming Xue, and Yuan Wang, (2015): Mesovortices within the 8 May 2009 Bow Echo over the Central United States: Analyses of the Characteristics and Evolution Based on Doppler Radar Observations and a High-Resolution Model Simulation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 143, 2266–2290. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-14-00234.1

Xin Xu, Ming Xue, and Yuan Wang (2015): The Genesis of Mesovortices within a Real-Data Simulation of a Bow Echo System. J. Atmos. Sci., 72, 1963–1986.

Kun Zhao Qing Lin, Wen-Chau Lee, Y. Qiang and Fuqing Zhang , (2015): Doppler radar Analysis of Triple Eyewalls in Typhoon Usagi, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00029.1.

Mingjun Wang, Ming Xue, Kun Zhao (2015): The Impact of T-TREC-retrieved Wind and Radial Velocity Data Assimilation using EnKF and Effects of Assimilation Window on the Analysis and Prediction of Typhoon Jangmi (2008) ,J. Geophys. Res. Atmos.,DOI: 10.1002/2015JD024001.

Chen X.M., Y. Q.Wang, Kun Zhao, (2015): Synoptic Flow Patterns and Large-Scale Characteristics Associated with Rapidly Intensifying Tropical Cyclones in the South China Sea,Monthly Weather Review,143(1),64-68

Xiaowen Tang, Wen-Chau Lee, and Yuan Wang (corresponding author) (2015): Nonlinear Wind Analysis of Single-Doppler Radar Observations within a DVAD Framework. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 54, 1538–1555

Ming, J., and J. A. Zhang, (2015): Effects of surface flux parameterization on the numerically simulated intensity and structure of Typhoon Morakot (2009). Adv. Atmos. Sci., 33(1), 58–72, doi: 10.1007/s00376-015-4202-z.

Shoujuan Shu and Fuqing Zhang, (2015): Influence of Equatorial Waves on the Genesis of Super Typhoon Haiyan (2013). J. Atmos. Sci., 72, 4591–4613. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-15-0016.1

Yuan, H., M. Sun, and Y. Wang, (2015): Assessment of the Benefits of the Chinese Public Weather Service. Meteorological Applications. DOI: 10.1002/met.1539.

Chen, X.-C., K. Zhao, M. Xue, B. Zhou, and W. Xu,( 2015 ): Radar observed diurnal cycle and propagation of convection over the Pearl River Delta during Mei-Yu season. J. Geophy. Res., 120, 12557-12575

2016

Wen, L., K. Zhao, G. Zhang, M. Xue, B. Zhou, S. Liu, and X. Chen,(2016): Statistical characteristics of raindrop size distributions observed in east China during the Asian summer monsoon season from the 2D-video disdrometer and micro-rain radar. J. Geophy. Res., 121, 2265–2282。

Zhuge, X., and X. Zou (2016): Test of a Modified Infrared Only ABI Cloud Mask Algorithm for AHI Radiance Observations. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol.  doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-16-0254.1,

Ming J., and J. A. Zhang(2016) : Effects of surface flux parameterization on numerically simulated intensity and structure of Typhoon Morakot (2009). Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 33(1), 58-72。

Chen, (2016): Statistical characteristics of raindrop size distributions observed in east China during the Asian summer monsoon season from the 2D-video disdrometer and micro-rain radar. J. Geophy. Res., 121, 2265–2282.

Wen, L., K. Zhao, G. Zhang, M. Xue, B. Zhou, S. Liu, and X. Chen,(2016): Statistical characteristics of raindrop size distributions observed in east China during the Asian summer monsoon season from the 2D-video disdrometer and micro-rain radar. J. Geophy. Res., 121, 2265–2282。

Zhuge, X., and X. Zou (2016): Test of a Modified Infrared Only ABI Cloud Mask Algorithm for AHI Radiance Observations. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol.  doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-16-0254.1,

Ming J., and J. A. Zhang(2016) : Effects of surface flux parameterization on numerically simulated intensity and structure of Typhoon Morakot (2009). Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 33(1), 58-72。

Chen, (2016): Statistical characteristics of raindrop size distributions observed in east China during the Asian summer monsoon season from the 2D-video disdrometer and micro-rain radar. J. Geophy. Res., 121, 2265–2282.

Zou,X., X. Zhuge, and F. Weng (2016): Characterization of Bias of Advanced Himawari Imager Infrared Observations from NWP Background Simulations Using CRTM and RTTOV. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol.  doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-16-0105.1, in press.

Wang, M., M. Xue*, and K. Zhao,(2016): Impact of inner-core structures obtained through radar data assimilation on the track forecasting of typhoon Jangmi (2008) near Taiwan Island. J. Geophy. Res., Accepted.

Wang, M., K. Zhao, M. Xue, G. Zhang, S. Liu, L. Wen, and G. Chen,(2016): Precipitation Microphysics Characteristics of a Typhoon Matmo (2014) Rainband after Landfall over Eastern China based on Polarimetric Radar Observations. J. Geophy. Res., Accepted.

Zhao, K., M. Wang;, M. Xue, P. Fu, Z. Yang, Y. Zhang, W.-C. Lee, F. Zhang, Q. Lin, and Z. Li, 2016: Doppler radar analysis of a tornadic miniature supercell during the Landfall of Typhoon Mujigae (2015) in South China. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., Accepted with minor revision.

Xu, X., J. Song, and Y. Wang (2016) : Quantifying the effect of horizontal propagation of three-dimensional mountain waves on the wave momentum flux using Gaussian beam approximation. J. Atmos. Sci., Under review.

Xu, X., Y. Wang, M. Xue, and H. Huang, 2016: Mechanisms of secondary convection within a mei-yu frontal mesoscale convective system in Eastern China. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., Under review.

Zhuge, X., and X. Zou (2016): Impacts of Infrared Land Surface Emissivity Models on Simulations of AHI Surface-Sensitive Channels over Different Surface Types. JGR-Atmosphere, under review.

 

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