"To enhance the contributions of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs), in a more cost-effective, systematic and sustainable manner, towards the protection of lives, livelihoods and property, through enhanced capabilities and cooperation in the field of disaster risk reduction at national to international levels."
The main long-term objective of the WMO DRR Programme is to contribute to the strengthening of institutional capacities with respect to the provision of meteorological, hydrological and climate services and cooperation in supporting DRR for the protection of lives and property and contributing to sustainable development of Members.
The purpose of the WMO DRR Programme is to assist WMO Members to provide and deliver services that are directed towards the protection of lives, livelihoods and property, in a cost-effective, systematic and sustainable manner.
The scope of the Programme is defined through its five strategic goals underpinned by the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters (HFA) and approved by WMO Congress XVI in 2011:
As countries are strengthening their institutional capacities in DRR, there is increasing need for core and customized meteorological, hydrological and climate services by a diverse group of DRR stakeholders (e.g. government authorities, public and private sectors, Non-Governmental Organizations, general public and media).
Meteorological, hydrological and climate services are fundamental in supporting a number of decision areas such as early warning systems (EWS) and emergency response operations, sectoral preparedness planning, inventory management, insurance contracts, strategy and scenario building, infrastructure investments and land zoning, government risk financing, and international policy negotiation (see Figure 3 on the DRR Programme homepage).
Through its crosscutting DRR Programme, WMO is working to align the activities of its constituent bodies, technical programmes and global operational network and its strategic partners to strengthen NMHSs to (Figure 1):
Figure 1: Schematic representation of linkages between meteorological services and DRR stakeholders.
In 2006, WMO conducted a national survey to benchmark existing capacities, gaps and needs of its Members for development of meteorological, hydrological and climate-related information to support DRR. The national survey addressed capacities of NMHSs to contribute to all aspects of disaster risk reduction including risk identification, sectoral planning, EWS, education and knowledge sharing. Of the 187 Members of WMO at the time, 139 (74 %) countries participated in this survey.
The overall results of the assessments show that more than 60 % of NMHSs indicated the need for appropriate observing networks, human and financial resources to maintain them, data rescue programmes and data management systems. Nearly 70 % of NMHSs require guidelines for maintaining standard databases of hazards, metadata and tools for hazard analysis, Furthermore, there is need for development of disaster impact databases for various sectors as well as hazard and risk analysis tools for quantification of exposure and vulnerabilities (e.g. casualties, construction damages, crop yield reduction, and water shortages). The results of the survey have been synthesized into a report “Capacity Assessment of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services in Support of Disaster Risk Reduction”.
Based on the assessment of the capacities, gaps and needs, the DRR Services of the WMO aims to facilitate better alignment of the activities of WMO constituent bodies, technical programmes and global operational network as well as its strategic partners to support capacity development of NMHSs (See Figure 2, a-f). This is achieved through the implementation of a two tier Work Plan (hereafter referred to as the DRR Work Plan) which was approved by WMO Congress XVI in 2011 (Figure 2). The components of the DRR Work Plan include:
(i) development of thematic guidelines, standards and training modules based on the documentation and synthesis of good practices; and,
(ii) coordinated DRR and climate adaptation national/regional capacity development projects.
Figure 2: Two tier Schematic of the Implementation Approach of the DRR Programme
The guidance and oversight to the DRR Programme is provided by the WMO Executive Council Working Group on Disaster Risk Reduction (EC WG / DRR).
Implementation of resource mobilization in support of the crosscutting DRR Programme is an integral part of the WMO resource mobilization strategy, with consideration for:
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