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Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters

Ten years after the adoption of the Yokohama Strategy for a Safer World: Guidelines for Natural Disaster Prevention, Preparedness and Mitigation (1994), in 2005 the United Nations convened the Second World Conference on Disaster Reduction in Kobe, Hyogo, Japan. During this conference the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters (HFA) was negotiated and adopted by 168 countries shifting the paradigm for disaster risk management from post disaster response to a more comprehensive approach that would also include prevention and preparedness measures. The HFA five priority areas for action are:

    1. Ensure that disaster risk reduction is a national and a local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation.
    2. Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning.
    3. Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels.
    4. Reduce the underlying risk factors.
    5. Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels.

The National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) have critical contributions to the implementation of HFA. As part of the development of the strategic priorities of the WMO in disaster risk reduction, through extensive consultation with Members, WMO mapped HFA according to the areas where WMO and NMHS would play a key and where they could contribute.

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