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Observing Systems and Data

The Global Observing Systems Information Center (GOSIC) provides access to data, metadata and information from GCOS and partner observing systems. This page provides an overview of all GCOS-relevant network components and systems, separated by domains:

Atmosphere Surface

Network or System (in situ) Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) International Data Centres and Archives Coordinating Bodies

GCOS Surface Network (GSN)

  • Air Temperature
  • Precipitation
  • AOPC with WMO CBS
  • WMO CAS
Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN)
  • Surface Radiation Budget
  • AOPC with WCRP GEWEX Radiation Panel

Full WWW/GOS Surface Network

  • Air Temperature
  • Precipitation
  • GDPFS World Centres
  • GDPFS Regional/Specialized Meteorological Centres
  • WDC Asheville
  • WMO CBS
  • WMO CAS

Global tropical moored buoy network

All feasible surface ECVs
  • JCOMM
  • Ocean Sites

Voluntary Observing Ships (VOS)

All feasible surface ECVs
  • VOSClim Data Centre
  • NODC
  • JCOMM
  • ICOADS VOSClim

Global reference mooring network

All feasible surface and subsurface ECVs
  • JCOMM
  • Ocean Sites

GLOSS Core Sea-level Network

Sea level
  • Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level
  • Proudman Laboratory
  • JCOMM
  • GLOSS

Argo network

  • Temperature
  • Salinity
  • Current
Argo Science Team

Atmosphere Upper-air

Network or System (in situ) Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) International Data Centres and Archives Coordinating Bodies

GCOS Reference Upper-air Network (GRUAN)

All feasible surface and upper-air ECVs AOPC and its WG-GRUAN

GCOS Upper-air Network (GUAN)

  • Upper-Air-Temperature
  • Upper-Air Wind Speed/Direction
  • Upper-Air Water Vapour
  • GUAN Monitoring Centres (ECMWF)
  • GUAN Analysis Centres (NCDC)
  • GUAN Archive (WDC Asheville)
  • CBS Lead Centres for GCOS (BAS, BOM, DMC, DMN, DWD, INM, IRIMO, JMA, NCDC)
  • AOPC with WMO CBS
  • WMO CAS

Full WWW/GOS Upper Air Network

  • Upper-Air-Temperature
  • Upper-Air Wind Speed/Direction
  • Upper-Air Water Vapour
  • GDPFS World Centres
  • GDPFS Regional/Specialized Meteorological Centres
  • WDC Asheville
  • WMO CBS
  • WMO CAS

Aircraft (ASDAR etc.)

  • Upper-Air-Temperature
  • Upper-Air Wind Speed/Direction
  • Upper-Air Water Vapour
  • GDPFS World Centers
  • GDPFS Regional/Specialized Meteorological Centers
  • WDC Asheville
  • WMO CBS
  • WMO CAS

Profiler (radar) network

  • Upper-Air-Temperature
  • Upper-Air Wind Speed/Direction
  • Upper-Air Water Vapour
  • GDPFS World Centers
  • GDPFS Regional/Specialized Meteorological Centers
  • WDC Asheville
  • WMO CBS
  • WMO CAS

Ground-based GPS receiver network

  • Upper-Air-Temperature
  • Upper-Air Water Vapour
    (through atmospheric refractivity)
  • Distributed
  • WMO CBS
  • WMO CIMO

Atmosphere Composition

Network or System (in situ) Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) International Data Centres and Archives Coordinating Bodies

GCOS-affiliated WMO/GAW Global Atmospheric N2O, CO2 and CH4 Monitoring
Networks

  • Carbon dioxide
  • Methane
  • WDC-GG (JMA)
  • Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Centre (Oak Ridge National Laboratory)
WMO CAS

Ozone
  • WOUDC (MSC)
  • Network for Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC) Archive
  • Norwegian Institute for Air Research
  • Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes (SHADOZ – NASA) Archive
WMO CAS

WMO/GAW Aerosol Network

Aerosol properties
  • AERONET, SKYNET, BSRN and
  • GAWPFR data centres
  • World Data Centre for Aerosols (NILU)
WMO CAS

Oceans

Network or System (in situ) Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) International Data Centres and Archives Coordinating Bodies

Global surface drifting buoy array on 5x5 degree resolution

  • Sea-Surface Temperature
  • Sea-Level Pressure
  • Position-change-based Current
  • NODC
  • JCOMM
  • ICOADS

Global tropical moored buoy network

All feasible surface and subsurface ECVs
  • WDC-O
  • JCOMM
  • Ocean Sites

Voluntary Observing Ships (VOS)

All feasible surface ECVs
  • VOSClim Data Centre
  • NODC
  • JCOMM
  • ICOADS VOSClim

Global reference mooring network

All feasible surface and subsurface ECVs
  • WDC-O
  • JCOMM
  • Ocean Sites

GLOSS Core Sea-level Network

Sea level
  • Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level
  • Proudman Laboratory
  • JCOMM
  • GLOSS

Argo network

  • Temperature
  • Salinity
  • Current
  • Argo Data Centres
  • GTSPP
  • WDC-O
Argo Science Team

Terrestrial

Network or System (in situ) Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) International Data Centres and Archives Coordinating Bodies

GCOS/GTOS Baseline Global Terrestrial Network - Rivers (GTN-R)

River Discharge
  • WMO CHy
  • GCOS/GTOS TOPC

GCOS/GTOS Baseline Global Lake Network


List of priority lakes for sustained global climate monitoring

List of priority unregulated and regulated lakes on a global scale for monitoring the main characteristics of the water and ice regime

Lake Level/ Area/ Temperature
  • International Data Centre on the Hydrology of Lakes and Reservoirs (HYDROLARE)
  • WMO CHy
  • GCOS/GTOS TOPC

WWW/GOS synoptic network

Snow Cover
  • National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC)
WMO CBS

GCOS/GTOS Baseline Global Terrestrial Network - Glaciers (GTN-G)

Glaciers mass balance and length, also Ice sheet mass balance
  • World Glacier Monitoring Service (WGMS)
  • National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC)
  • ICSU
  • FAGS
  • GCOS/GTOS TOPC

GCOS/GTOS Baseline Global Terrestrial Network - Permafrost (GTN-P)

Permafrost borehole-temperatures and active-layer thickness
  • NCDC
  • NSIDC
  • International Permafrost Association
  • GCOS/GTOS TOPC

Global Terrestrial Network Hydology (GTN-H)

All hydrological ECVs
  • Distributed
  • WMO CHy
  • GCOS/GTOS TOPC

Space






Last modified on Wed, 12 Mar 2014