UNFCCC and GCOS
GCOS support to the UNFCCC
GCOS provides vital and continuous support to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in the areas of:
- Research and systematic observation;
- Adaptation to climate change;
- Reporting their actions with regard to global climate observing systems;
- Development of observational networks;
- Providing support for non-Annex I Parties to the Convention, as defined in Articles 4.1(g) and (h), 5 and 12.1(b) of the Convention, as appropriate.
Full implementation of the GCOS Implementation Plan and its Satellite Supplement by Parties to the UNFCCC will provide those global observations of the Essential Climate Variables and their associated products that assist Parties in meeting their responsibilities under Articles 4 and 5 of the UNFCCC. In addition, it will provide many of the essential observations required by the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
Specifically the proposed system would provide information to:
- Characterize the state of the global climate system and its variability;
- Monitor the forcing of the climate system, including both natural and anthropogenic contributions;
- Support the attribution of the causes of climate change;
- Support the prediction of global climate change;
- Enable projection of global climate change information down to regional and local scales;
- Enable characterization of extreme events important in impact assessment and adaptation, and to the assessment of risk and vulnerability.