Adrian Simmons handing over GCOS Steering Comittee Chair to Stephen Briggs
Adrian Simmons, who recently retired from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), has completed his four-year term as Chairman of the GCOS Steering Committee. Stephen Briggs (ESA) has accepted to chair the GCOS Steering Committee with effect from 1 March 2014. Carolin Richter (centre), Director of the GCOS Secretariat, met Adrian (left) and Stephen (right) for a brief hand-over ceremony at the European Centre for Space Applications and Telecommunications (ECSAT), based at the Harwell Science, Innovation and Business Campus in Oxfordshire, UK, on 3 April 2014.
Joint GCOS/GOFC-GOLD Workshop on Observations for Climate Change Mitigation
The Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), in collaboration with the Land Cover Project Office from the Global Observation for Forest Cover and Land Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD), is organizing an international workshop from 5-7 May 2014 at WMO Headquarters in Geneva to consider the climate observation requirements to support mitigation to climate change. The workshop will bring together approximately 25 representatives of sectors in which mitigation to climate variability and climate change is, or is likely to become, an important concern. These also include the communities of agriculture, forestry, and land use.
The goals of the workshop are to identify observational requirements for mitigation, to review the Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) and associated guidelines to determine their adequacy for mitigation, and to develop a plan to address these gaps and deficiencies identified. The workshop results will directly feed into the preparation of the next GCOS Progress Review and the new GCOS Implementation Plan, to be developed in the 2015-2016 timeframe.
Workshop documents and further information can be found here.
GCOS Reports by National Climate Observing Systems
The reports, prepared by National Climate Observing Systems, were developed in response to conclusions FCCC/SBSTA/2005/10 Paragraph 95 (2005) and FCCC/SBSTA/2007/L.14 (2007) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Subsidiary Body on Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA). They present the progress made in the implementation of GCOS on a national level, and give an overview of the observations made according to the list of GCOS Essential Climate Variables (ECVs).
Four reports have been published so far:
|FINLAND - National Activities with Respect to the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Implementation Plan, Finnish National Report on Systematic Observations for Climate, Finnish Meteorological Institute, November 2013|
GERMANY - German Climate Observing Systems, Inventory report on the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), Deutscher Wetterdienst, January 2013
GERMANY - Third Report of the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany on Systematic Climate Observations in Germany as a contribution to Germany's Fifth National Communication under UNFCCC
SWITZERLAND - The National Climate Observing System, GCOS Switzerland, MeteoSuisse,October 2007
UNITED STATES - The United States National Report on Systematic Observations for Climate for 2008: National Activities with Respect to the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Implementation Pla, Working Group of the US Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) on behalf of the US Government, September 2008
UNITED STATES -The United States Detailed National Report on Systematic Observations for Climate: US Global Climate Observing System (US GCOS) Program,National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration on behalf of the US Government, August 2001
GCOS at COP 19
On Monday 11 November 2013, the Director of the GCOS Secretariat, Dr Carolin Richter, gave a statement of the current status of the GCOS programme at the 39th Session of the UNFCCC Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA). Dr Richter reported on behalf of the GCOS partner observing systems for climate, thanked SBSTA and the Conference of Parties for the role that they have played in fulfilling actions identified in the GCOS Implementation Plan (update 2010), and further highlighted GCOS contribution to ESA's Climate Change Initiative, and the Copernicus Earth Observation Programme.
The GCOS Statement for COP 19 of UNFCCC can be found here: PDF
The ESA Satellite Soil Moisture Validation and Application Workshop
The Satellite Soil Moisture Validation and Application Workshop, organized by ESA in cooperation with EUMETSAT, WMO, GEWEX, CEOS and GCOS, was held at ESA-ESRIN in Frascati, Italy, from 1-3 July 2013. The objective of the workshop was to discuss and reconcile recent methodological avances in the validation and application of global satellite soil moisture data. The workshop brought together producers and users of satellite soil moisture data, and provided a platform to discuss data quality, error characterization, validation approaches, data assimilation, and the broadening range of applications. It focused on soil moisture products derived from current and future active and passive microwave sensors operating in the low frequency range from 1 to 10 GHz, inclunding but not limited to ASCAT, SMOS, AMSR-E, ASAR, SMAP, Sentinel-1 and any combination thereof.
One concrete goal of the workshop was to collect material for a white paper on 'Best practice guidelines for the validation of satellite soil moisture data during in situ data hosted by the International Soil Moisture Network (ISMN)', which is foreseen as a contribution to GEWEX, CEOS, WMO, and GCOS/TOPC.
The meeting report can be found here: PDF
GCOS promotes the work of GOSIC
The GOSIC Portal (http://gosic.org) provides convenient, central, one-stop access to data and information identified by the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS), the Global Terrestrial Observing System (GTOS) and their partner programs, as well as specialized data access tools such as the GCOS ECV Data Access Matrix. The GOSIC is hosted at NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) and supported by the U.S. GCOS Program.
GCOS encourages the use of Digital Object Identifiers
Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) attribute a unique reference to an electronic data set. They provide a permanent identifier that links the user to the current version of the relevant data sets. In view of the growing importance of data sharing, scientific experts from both the Atmospheric and Terrestrial Observational Panel for Climate recently discussed DOIs, as these can help researchers to discover relevant data more easily and attribute the data in a way that appropriately acknowledges its source. DOIs will in future enable to measure data usage to estimate its impact and influence. GCOS Panels encourage international data centres to introduce DOIs for their data records of Essential Climate Variables and recommend dataset producers in general to follow this practice.
For more information on this topic, read the discussion paper from the 2013 Session of the Terrestrial Observing Panel for Climate (TOPC): PDF
GCOS 1992-2012 - 20 Years in Service for Climate Observations
The year 2012 marks the 20th anniversary of the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), the system dedicated to ensuring provision of the observational data and information that is the foundation for decisions on climate.
The GCOS Programme formally celebrated the 20th anniversary of the Global Climate Observing System on Friday, 29 June 2012 during the 64th WMO Executive Council meeting in Geneva. The celebration provided an opportunity to review the origins of the GCOS, to take stock of the accomplishments of GCOS in the first twenty years of its existence, and to think ahead about new opportunities and challenges for GCOS.
Agenda of the Symposium "GCOS – Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow": PDF
Download the presentations as zip-archive (92 MB)
Download the brochure: "GCOS 1992-2012 - 20 Years in Service for Climate Observations"
The following GCOS reports have been published recently:
|Scoping Meeting for the Assessment of the Adequacy of the Global Observing System for Climate, Geneva, Switzerland, 12-13 December 2013||GCOS-178|
|WMO/GCOS Report of the Fourth Session of the CBS Lead Centres for GCOS Coordination, Santiago, Chile, 8-10 October 2013||GCOS-177|
|Report of the Twenty-First Session of the WMO-IOC-UNEP-ICSU Steering Committee for GCOS, Offenbach, Germany, 22-24 October 2013||GCOS-176|
|Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN) - Update of the Technical Plan for BSRN Data Management||GCOS-174 (WCRP24/2013)|
|The GCOS Upper-Air Reference Network (GRUAN) GUIDE||
WIGOS Technical Report No. 2013-03
|The GCOS Upper-Air Reference Network (GRUAN) MANUAL||
WIGOS Technical Report No. 2013-02
|Summary Report and Recommendations from the Eighteenth Session of the GCOS/WCRP Atmospheric Observation Panel for Climate (AOPC), Geneva, Switzerland , 2-5 April 2013||GCOS-169|
|Summary Report of the Fifteenth Session of the GCOS/WCRP Terrestrial Observation Panel for Climate (TOPC), Geneva, Switzerland, 6-7 March 2013||GCOS-168|
Report of the Fifth GCOS Reference Upper-Air Network Implementation and Coordination Meeting (GRUAN ICM-5), De Bilt, the Netherlands, 25 February - 1 March 2013
|GCOS Workshop on Observations for Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change, Offenbach, Germany, 26–28 February 2013||GCOS-166|
|GRUAN Implementation Plan 2013-2017 - June 2013||GCOS-165|
|Report of the Twentieth Session of the WMO-IOC-UNEP-ICSU Steering Committee for GCOS, Geneva, Switzerland, September 2012||GCOS-164|
|Report of the Eighth GCOS Cooperation Mechanism Board Meeting, Geneva, Switzerland, 3 September 2012||GCOS-163|