The twelfth session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP12 of UNFCCC) was held in Nairobi, Kenya, from 6 to 17 November 2006. The second Conference of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (COP/MOP2) was held in conjunction with the COP12 of the UNFCCC.
The number of delegates from National, Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) showed a significant increase compared to previous COP sessions and reached around 86 among which 29 of them were Permanent Representatives of Members with WMO.
In COP12, for the first time ever, WMO made a statement on the “Role of WMO and NMHSs in the Implementation of the UNFCCC and most especially, SBSTA Five-Year Programme of Work on Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change”. WMO also presented a Concept Paper (http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/wcp/cca/documents/cca1-concept_paper.pdf), which improved understanding of delegates on the role of WMO, and NMHSs in adaptation process. COP12 adopted the Programme on ‘adaptation’ as ‘Nairobi Programme of Work on Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change’ and officially recognized the role of WMO and NMHSs in adaptation process. It requested WMO’s regular reports of actions for future SBSTA and COP sessions.
On ‘Research and Systematic Observation’ COP12 re-emphasized the importance of in-situ observation networks and activities that deliver sustained observation infrastructure and recognized the role of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) as the holders of these networks and encouraged collaboration of other bodies with them. This session also received the summary reports from the SBSTA-24 research side event contributed by WMO/WCRP. The document is FCCC/SBSTA/2006/MISC. 15 and can be downloaded from http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2006/sbsta/eng/misc15.pdf
During COP12, WMO along with GCOS (Global Climate Observing System), IRI (International Research Institute for Climate and Society) and UNECA (United Nations Economic Commission for Africa) jointly organized a side event entitled: ‘Climate Information for Development Needs: A Focus On Africa’ which highlighted activities that these organizations have launched to improve climate observations, climate services, and climate risk management in Africa. Such as previous COP Sessions, WMO had arranged for an exhibition booth in the COP12 to showcase selected publications and provide an opportunity for networking with other participating agencies and NGOs.
Permanent Representatives and delegates from National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) served effectively within the composition of their national delegations to promote the role of WMO and their own services and made every effort to ensure that COP would take into consideration potentials and deliverables of NMHSs in the work of the Convention.
In the High Level Segment of the Conference, WMO Secretary General made a statement, along with other Heads of UN Agencies and Ministers of Environment of participating countries.
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