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WMO at COP 18 Session

COP 18/MOP 8
(26 November to 7 December 2012, Doha, Qatar)


The 18th session of the Conference of Parties to the Climate Change Convention (COP 18) was held in conjunction with the 8th Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 8) in Doha, Qatar, from 26 November to 7 December 2012.

The High Level Segment of COP 18 and CMP 8 opened in the afternoon of 4 December and continued until 7 December 2012.

WMO organized a side event under UN Delivering as One, titled ‘Climate services for sustainable climate-resilient development’, at COP 18. The panelists of the event were from the Government of Norway, UNESCO/IOC, ISDR, FAO, IFAD and WFP.

At the opening plenary of SBSTA 37, the WMO Deputy Secretary General made a statement on the outcome of the extraordinary session of the WMO Congress concerning the implementation of the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS), its finance and governance mechanism.

The following decisions welcomed WMO’s ongoing initiatives and contribution to the work Conventions:


  • Under Research and systematic observation, SBSTA 37 noted the outcome of the Extraordinary Session of the World Meteorological Congress, held in Geneva in October 2012 regarding the further implementation of the Global Framework for Climate Services. It invited WMO to provide, at SBSTA 39, information on the outcome of the first session of the Intergovernmental Board on Climate Services, to be held in July 2013.


  • COP 18 recognized the relevance of the GFCS to its decision on "Approaches to address loss and damage associated with climate change impacts in developing countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change to enhance adaptive capacity".

It further recognized (i) the need to strengthen international cooperation and expertise in order to understand and reduce loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change, including impacts related to extreme weather events and slow onset events; (ii) the importance of the systematic observation of climate change impacts; and (iii) the need to enhance access to hydrological and other data needed to assess and manage climate-related risk.

  • COP 18 adopted the eight-year Doha work programme on Article 6 of the Convention. Article 6 commits governments to promote and facilitate education, public awareness and training in the field of climate change. The COP decision recognizes WMO and five other UN bodies as members of the United Nations Alliance on Climate Change Education, Training and Public Awareness. WMO brings to the Alliance its invaluable networks of experts and of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services as well as a number of relevant programmes on education and training as well as scientific capacity building.

On other fronts, WMO’s presence was also felt at the conference through the launches of its reports on atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases in 2011 and on the climate trends and events experienced so far in 2012. These reports received a great deal of press coverage and were widely cited during the conference as providing clear evidence of the need for action on climate change.



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