|Agricultural Meteorology Programme (AGM)
Projects of Agricultural Meteorology Programme (AGM) 2004-2007
The AgMP is currently implemented in three projects covering some of the key issues in sustainable agriculture. The first project emphasizes provision of agrometeorological services for agricultural production, taking into account recent advances in research and development in meteorology and agriculture. The second project covers support systems for agrometeorological services which emphasizes use of improved procedures and techniques such as GIS and remote sensing for sustainable land management and agroclimatic zoning and formulation of data requirements for agricultural purposes. The third project envisages promotion of studies by Members on the impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters in agriculture. Assistance to Members in their fight against extreme events, including drought and desertification and capacity building in the agrometeorological services of Members by transfer of operational knowledge and methodologies receive a major attention in the programme.
The following projects are being implemented by the Agricultural Meteorology Programme during the period 2004-2007.
1. Agrometeorological Services for Agricultural Production
This project envisages provision of assistance to Members in improving their agrometeorological services, including services for agricultural production. Members will be provided with guidance and advice, particularly through the Commission for Agricultural Meteorology (CAgM), on the improvement of early warning and monitoring systems, short- and medium-range weather forecasts for agriculture and agrometeorological aspects of land and water management in agriculture. Emphasis will be placed on promoting the more active use of seasonal to inter-annual climate forecasts in agricultural planning and operations in active collaboration with the CLIPS programme.
Expert emphasis in the guidance provided by CAgM will be placed on issues such as strengthening relevant observation and information networks and dissemination of information through advisories and warnings. Case studies for developing policy support systems will be encouraged and assisted as appropriate. Recommendations on strategies to adapt to climate variability and climate change, and to achieve improved water management and protection and use of tropical forests, will also be provided. Emphasis will be placed on the provision of training, education and extension support systems for the provision of improved agrometeorological services through technological transfer, better methods, procedures and techniques for disseminating agrometeorological information and awareness and training for disaster mitigation and climate disaster prediction. One of the major activities in this project is on weather, climate and farmers, where a bottom-up approach to the full involvement of farmers is envisaged to ensure that the agrometeorological methods and procedures developed and used will adequately respond to the appropriate needs of farmers.
Key deliverables include:
(i) Completing the final draft of the Guide to Agricultural Meteorological Practices (WMO-No. 134) and making it available on the Internet by 2007;
(ii) Conducting roving seminars with emphasis on vulnerability, mitigation, and adaptation to climate change by 2007;
(iii) Helping to reestablish working groups on agricultural meteorology in regions where none is in existence by 2005;
(iv) Producing a guide for forest fire management by 2007;
(v) Providing guidelines and procedures for the analysis and dissemination of agroclimatic information by 2007.
2. Support Systems for Agrometeorological Services
Under this project, guidance will be provided, with the active participation of CAgM, on the development by Members of support systems for agrometeorological services, including the use of the Geographical Information System (GIS) and remote sensing for sustainable land management and agroclimatic zoning.
Expert group meetings and the organization of training activities on applications of geographical information systems, agroecological zoning and crop modelling are envisaged. Guidance and advice will also be provided to Members on the validation and application of crop simulation models and other research results at the national and regional level.
Key deliverables include:
(i) Organization of roving seminars with emphasis on GIS application by 2007;
(ii) Providing guidelines and procedures for agro-meteorological data management by 2005.
3. Climate change/variability and natural disasters
This project envisages pr o motion of, and assistance in, evaluation studies by Members of the impacts of climate change/variability and natural disasters on agriculture. Relevant guidance and recommendations will be provided, together with guidance and recommendations on measures to help reduce the contributions of agriculture to global warming and measures for the prevention and mitigation of the effects of droughts, floods and other extreme events in agriculture and forestry. Meetings of expert groups and regional workshops on agrometeorological impacts and other related topics will be organized by the Secretariat, together with roving seminars to disseminate the results of these workshops.
Key deliverables include:
(i) Providing guidelines for mitigation and adaptation of agriculture to climate change by 2007;
(ii) Providing guidance material on the measures for prevention and mitigation of the effects of droughts, floods and other extreme events in agriculture and forestry.
Key deliverables in the implementation of the programme
It is expected that the key deliverables in the implementation of the programme will result in:
(a) improved quantity and quality of the agrometeoro-logical applications and services provided by Members at the national and regional level;
(b) Better appraisal by the staff of national agrometeo-rological services of the use of new methods and tools as a result of training activities.