4.2    Expert Team on Climate and Energy


4.2.1  Members of ET 4.2


David Wratt

New Zealand


Zhu Rong



Sandra Robles Gil



Samwel Marigi



Franklin Ruiz



Elena Akentyeva

Russian Federation


Dennis Elliott



4.2.2  Terms of Reference for ET 4.2

Note that in the General Summary Text of the proceedings of the fourteenth session of the Commission for Climatology (3-10 November 2005, Beijing China) it is noted (item 11.2.6(g)) that the Terms of Reference are broad, long-term goals that constitute a framework to guide the work of the Expert Team (ET), and that each ET will set workplans with Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic and Time-bound (SMART) goals consistent with that framework (see 4.2.3 below)


(a)    To report on case studies that demonstrate the benefits of, and problems related to, the use of climate information and predictions in support of energy operations, taking special account of end-user liaison;

(b)     To recommend enhancements to climate services in support of energy development and operations, paying particular attention to the needs of developing countries for making use of renewable energy;

(c)     To review and recommend related training material, including distance-learning packages;

(d)    To prepare a status report on climate data needs for supporting wind and solar energy development, on the adequacy of WMO-specified instruments and observing practices to supply these, and on opportunities to use modelling, data interpolation methods and satellite observations to overcome problems in providing site-specific information;

(e)    To update TN 172 and TN 175 on “Meteorological Aspects of the Utilization of Solar Radiation as an Energy Source” and “Meteorological Aspects of the Utilization of Wind as an Energy Source”, respectively, into a single document “Meteorological Aspects of Utilization of Renewable Energy Sources”;

(f)     To continue to work on applications of climate as a resource for renewable energies, and to arrange for closer cooperation with WCIRP and UNEP on renewable energy (e.g. UNEP’s SWERA, the Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment) Project etc., and on energy as part of the Millennium Development Goals and sustainable development;

(g)     To scope which organizations are active in ‘climate and energy’, at national and international levels (both within, and external to NMHSs), to foster development of collaborations and promote shared projects, and to minimize duplication of activity;

(h)     To develop, in partnership with NMHS climate services programmes, the WMO Regional Associations and CLIPS Focal Points, tailored climate products for application to the energy sector, including special attention to services at high latitudes;

(i)      To incorporate the WMO cross-cutting themes (on Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, Space/GEO and Least Developed Countries) into planning and activities of the ET, and to collaborate as needed with experts (across all related disciplines) in other CCl ETs, in ETs of other WMO Technical Commissions, and in relevant external Organizations;

(j)     To provide guidance on, and make recommendations for, the design and conduct of specific demonstration and pilot projects, including the calculation of cost/benefits and value of climate predictions from the user point of view;

(k)     To explore, document and make recommendations for addressing the needs for capacity building in each region, pertinent to this topic;

(l)      To submit reports in accordance with timetables established by the OPAG chair and/or Management Group.