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Regional Climate Centres Implementation in Africa

At its fifteenth session in November 2010 Regional Association I (Africa) expressed the need to establish a Regional Climate Centre (RCC) in each of the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and name these centres accordingly: 

    • IGAD-RCC for Eastern Africa
    • ECOWAS-RCC for Western Africa
    • SADC-RCC for Southern Africa
    • RCC-Network for North Africa
    • CEMAC-RCC for Central Africa

Considering the pan-African nature of the African Centre of Meteorological Application for Development (ACMAD), it was assigned a coordinating role among all RCCs in RA I and designated the African-RCC. 

The ACMAD has been officially designated as a WMO RCC under the recommendation of the Commission for Basic Systems (CBS) during the Seventeenth Session of the World Meteorological Congress, in May 2015.

African-RCC: ACMAD
Location: Niamey, Niger
Domain of interest: All countries of RA I
View a portrait of the African-RCC at ACMAD

The Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Climate Prediction and Application Centre (ICPAC) has started their demonstration phase in March-April 2011.

IGAD-RCC: ICPAC
Location: Nairobi, Kenya
Domain of interest: IGAD Countries (Greater Horn of Africa)
View a portrait of IGAD-RCC at ICPAC

The North African countries Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia elaborated a project proposal for the RCC-Network for North Africa (NA-RCC-Network), and started the demonstration phase in 2014. The second meeting of the Focal Points of RCC-Network-NA was held from 14 to 16 October, 2015 at the WMO Secretariat, Geneva, Switzerland. The participants monitored the progress and discussed further steps towards the formal designation of RCC-Network-NA.

For West Africa, AGRHYMET and ACMAD started consultations to form an Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) RCC-Network.

For Southern Africa efforts are underway to extend the mandate and product suite of the Southern African Development Community Climate Service Centre (SADC-CSC) to also cover WMO RCC functions to become the SADC-RCC.

SADC-RCC: SADC-CSC
Location:Gaborone, Botswana
Domain of interest: SADC countries

A roadmap towards a Central African RCC has been outlined with the aim to establish a specialized Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) agency.

Regional Climate Outlook Forums in RA I

There is a well-established structure of Region Climate Outlook Forums (RCOFs) in RA I.

The ACMAD supports five RCOFs:

  • Prévisions Climatiques Saisonnières en Afrique Centrale (PRESAC)
  • Prévisions Climatiques Saisonnières pour les pays du Golfe de Guinée (PRESAGG)
  • Prévisions Climatiques Saisonnières en Afrique du Nord (PRESANORD)
  • Prévisions Climatiques Saisonnières en Afrique Soudano-Sahélienne (PRESASS), previously called Prévisions Climatiques Saisonnières en Afrique de l'Ouest (PRESAO), comprises the same countries as PRESAO except Liberia and Sierra Leone which have no Sahelian climate
  • South West Indian Ocean Climate Outlook Forum (SWIOCOF)

The Mediterranean Climate Outlook Forum (MedCOF), coordinated by the State Meteorological Agency of Spain (AEMET), with the contribution from the RCC-Network-NA and ACMAD, encompasses the PRESANORD and the South-East European Climate Outlook Forum (SEECOF).

The ICPAC has spearheaded the Greater Horn of Africa Climate Outlook Forum (GHACOF) since 1998.

The SADC-CSC coordinates Southern African Climate Outlook Forum (SARCOF).

 

 
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