Background and Purpose
The population of the planet is 6.6 billion, of which half now live in urban areas. Together these places comprise less than 3% of the land area yet they form a network that connects most parts for the world through the exchange of materials, goods and people. The 'urbanisation' of the world’s population is set to continue; by 2025 the world’s population is projected to be 8.01 billion, of which nearly 5 billion will live in urban areas. The landscape changes that accompany urbanisation produce a distinct imprint on local and regional atmospheric properties. Thus, for most people, the weather and climate that they experience is the result of both the background, ‘natural’, climate and an urban effect. This effect is detectable in nearly every meteorological variable and has a significant impact on the health and comfort of urban inhabitants. Moreover, this effect extends beyond the city limits and impacts on regional and the global climate. It is estimated that approximately 80% of anthropogenic CO2 emissions originate in urban areas. At the same time, cities are subject to the vagaries of weather and climate and must account for this in their building and urban designs. Most large cities are located in river valleys, often near coastlines – places that are especially vulnerable to the effects of climate change. As such, the management of cities is central to both climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies. In this context, this WMO workshop focuses on the potential role of climate information to urban decision makers. To date, this role has not been taken up for reasons largely associated with scale.
Meteorological observatories are generally sited to avoid the possible urban effect on the observations. In fact, much climate change literature has focussed on removing the ‘urban’ signal where detected so that what remains represents regional and planetary scale change. On the modelling side, forecast models do not generally include urban landscape parameters and cannot resolve the urban effect. Similarly global scale models cannot, as of yet, predict change at an urban scale and must rely on a suite of methods to provide plausible urban forecasts. At the same time, a great deal has been learned over the last fifty years about urban weather and climate (from both observational and modelling perspectives) and how the atmosphere responds to change in urban forms and functions. This workshop will focus on how urban-scale issues can be incorporated into climate services. Its primary purpose is to educate and train meteorologists in urban climate methods that will extend existing services to urban citizens and a range of professional urban users, including architects, engineers, urban designers and planners.
Workshop Dates :
6-10 September 2010
Application Deadline :
30 June 2010 (NOW CLOSED)
No fee for the workshop, but participants are expected to cover costs of travel and stay. Limited support available.
World Meteorological Organization
India Meteorological Department
The five day course includes lectures and practical exercises. The lecture material is organised by the scale of urban effect and outlines current knowledge. The relevant processes operating at each scale and the best means of incorporating these into meteorological modelling and observational practice are discussed. In addition, the practical application of climate knowledge to the management of the built environment is presented. The exercises will complement lectures by showing how urban information can be acquired and employed to enhance existing meteorological services.
Who should attend?
Ideally the workshop would draw upon those that provide climate information products and services in all the six WMO Regions, preferably professional staff of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs), and a range of professionals working on urban management and design issues where weather and climate data is relevant. The latter group includes engineers, architects and urban planners that have interests in global and local climate changes and their implications for urban areas and their inhabitants.
How to Apply ?
Applications are invited from potential participants in the prescribed form enclosed, along with the latest curriculum vitae, a personal statement explaining the applicant’s interest, expertise and expected benefit, and a letter of support of the application from the concerned supervisor. Applications should be sent to WMO Secretariat at the address provided on the right, on or before 30 June 2010 (Now Closed). Applicants are strongly encouraged to send their applications through the Permanent Representatives of their respective countries with WMO.
To understand the role of cities in modifying the weather and climate at various scales
To learn how to create meteorologically relevant urban databases that may be incorporated into modelling and observation practice.
To understand how urban-scale weather/climate information may be usefully employed at various scales of urban management.
For more information and submission of applications, please contact:
Dr Rupa Kumar Kolli (RKolli@wmo.int)
World Climate Applications & Services Div.
Please visit these pages again for more updated information on the workshop.
There is no course fee for the workshop, and preference will be given to qualified candidates with their own sources of full or partial support. Limited funds are available to support participants in need, especially those from developing countries, which will be provided through scholarships to selected applicants to cover travel and local expenses.