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Regional Climate Outlook Products





Regional Climate Outlook Forums, active in several parts of the world, routinely provide real-time regional climate outlook products. The following are brief details of these products, along with links to their recent products, sorted by their respective WMO Regions:

Additional information maybe obtained from the coordinators of the concerned RCOFs or the participating NMHSs.

Region I - Africa

Greater Horn of Africa Climate Outlook Forum (GHACOF)

GHACOF covers the countries Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Somalia, Tanzania and Uganda. GHACOF is being coordinated by the IGAD (Inter-Governmental Authority on Development) Climate Prediction and Application Centre (ICPAC), Nairobi, Kenya. The latest GHACOF statement as well as previous statements are available at:

GHACOF Statements


Climate Outlook Forum for West Africa
(PRESAO : PRÉvisions Saisonnières en Afrique de l'Ouest)

PRESAO, a Regional Climate Outlook Forum (RCOF) activity dedicated to West Africa, is coordinated by the African Centre of Meteorological Application for Development (ACMAD), Niamey, Niger. The latest PRESAO statement as well as previous statements and other related climate outlook products are available at:

PRESAO Statements


Southern African Regional Climate Outlook Forum (SARCOF)

SARCOF is a regional climate outlook prediction and application process adopted by the fourteen countries comprising the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Member States: Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe in conjunction with other partners. SARCOF is coordinated by the SADC Climate Services Centre (SADC-CSC), Gaborone, Botswana. The latest SARCOF statement as well as previous statements are available at:

SARCOF Statements


Region II - Asia

East Asia winter Climate Outlook Forum (EASCOF)

The Joint Meeting for Seasonal Prediction of the East Asian Winter Monsoon was set up by the China Meteorological Administration (CMA), the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) and the Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA) and then joined by the National Agency for Meteorology and Environment Monitoring (NAMEM) of Mongolia, bringing together experts on the long-range weather forecast from the East Asian countries in 2000. Without changing the concept, the meeting evolved to become the East Asia winter Climate Outlook Forum (EASCOF). EASCOF was formally established at the fifteenth session of the Regional Association II (RA II) held in December 2012, in Doha, Qatar. It involves ChinaJapanthe Republic of Korea and Mongolia. Drawing on these four National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHS) (CMA, JMA, KMA and NAMEN), EASCOF produces a summary of seasonal prediction on the Asian winter monsoon and seasonal outlooks of the coming winter.

The latest EASCOF statement and other related information are available at:


FOCRAII : Forum on Regional Climate Monitoring, Assessment and Prediction for Regional Association II (Asia)

FOCRAII covers all the countries in Asia, most of them part of the WMO Regional Association II. Beijing Climate Center (BCC) of China Meteorological Administration (CMA) has been coordinating FOCRAII activities. The latest seasonal outlook produced by FOCRAII and other related information is available at:

FOCRAII Statement


South Asian Climate Outlook Forum (SASCOF)

The South Asian Climate Outlook Forum (SASCOF) was established at a meeting of the Permanent Representatives of the South Asian countries with WMO, held at Trieste, Italy, on 6 August 2009. The countries participating in SASCOF are: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. As agreed at the inception meeting, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) hosted and organized the first three sessions of SASCOF, in collaboration with the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), at Pune, India, from 2010 to 2012.  Further information and the latest outlook is available at:


Region III - South America

Southeast of South America Climate Outlook Forum (SSACOF)

The countries participating in this SSACOF are: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. The RCOF is coordinated by each of the participant countries by rotation, and the latest seasonal outlook and related products may be obtained at:

SSACOF Statement


Western Coast of South America Climate Outlook Forum (WCSACOF)

WCSACOF is coordinated by Centro Internacional para la Investigación del Fenómeno de El Niño (CIIFEN, International Research Centre on El Niño), Guayaquil, Ecuador. The countries participating in this RCOF are:Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Perú and Venezuela. The latest seasonal outlook produced by WCSACOF, other forecast products of CIIFEN for the region and related information, in Spanish, is available at:

WCSACOF Statement



Region IV - North America, Central America and the Caribbean

Climate Outlook Forum for Central America

The Climate Forum of Central America reviews and discusses the oceanic and atmospheric conditions latest forecasts of global models and their implications in the patterns of rainfall and temperature in Central America, as well as national-level analysis provided by each of Meteorological and Hydrological Services in the Region and develops a consensus seasonal climate outlook. The countries participating in this forum are: Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panamá. The latest climate outlook for this region is available at:


Caribbean Climate Outlook Forum (CariCOF)

The march towards the restart of the Caribbean Climate Outlook Forum (CariCOF), which was initiated in 1998 but could not be sustained, started with a workshop in June 2010 in Barbados. CariCOF was officially launched, under coordination by the Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology (CIMH), Barbados, on 2 March 2012. The country participants are from Antigua, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Panama, St. Vincent & Grenadines, St. Lucia, St. Kitts, Suriname and Trinidad & Tobago.

CariCOF outlooks and the latest updates are available at:


Region V - South-West Pacific

ASEAN Climate Outlook Forum (ASEANCOF)

The first session of ASEANCOF (ASEANCOF-1) was held in Singapore at the Centre for Climate Research Singapore (CCRS), a newly established centre of the MSS, from 3-5 December 2013.  Representatives from the ASEAN countries of Brunei, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam attended the meeting.  In addition, representatives also attended from the WMO Global Producing Centres of Long Range Forecasts (GPCs) namely Beijing Climate Centre (BCC), European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting (ECMWF), Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), UK Met Office (UKMO) and WMO Lead Centre for Long Range Forecast Multi-Model Ensemble (WMO LC-LRFMME), as well as the APEC Climate Centre (APCC).

Further information and the latest outlook is available at:

The Pacific Islands: The Island Climate Update

The Island Climate Update (ICU) is a multi-national and multi-organisational monthly climate bulletin with a primary goal of assisting Pacific Island Countries (PICs) in making informed planning and management decisions relating to climate sensitive sectors through the provision of timely and accurate seasonal climate forecasts. It is published monthly both in print and online by the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) in New Zealand and is funded by the New Zealand Agency for International Development (NZAID). The participating countries/islands are: American Samoa, Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Kiribati, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Pitcairn Island, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna. The latest ICU is available at:


Pacific Islands online Climate Outlook Forum (PICOF)

PICOF is coordinated by the Australian Bureau of Meteorology as part of the Pacific Islands - Climate Prediction Project (PI-CPP) funded by the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID). The countries participating in this monthly forum are: Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Niue, Papua New Guinea,Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. Participants use a statistical-based model developed under the Project, called SCOPIC, to run the seasonal climate outlooks for the upcoming three-month period. The latest PICOF summary and individual country seasonal climate forecasts are available at:

PI-CPP link:


Region VI - Europe

Mediterranean Climate Outlook Forum (MedCOF)

The Mediterranean Climate Outlook Forum (MedCOF) was launched following the Scoping Meeting, held in June, 2013 at the State Meteorological Agency of Spain, Madrid. The first session of MedCOF was held in Belgrade, Serbia in November, 2013, and the online session (MedCOF-2) was conducted in April-May 2014. The MedCOF is coordinated by AEMET and covers the whole Mediterranean region, cutting across the two WMO Regional Associations, i.e. RAVI and RAI. It brings together all countries involved in South East European Climate Outlook Forum (SEECOF) and North African Climate Outlook Forum (PRESANORD), as well as France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Jordan, Lebanon, Malta, Mauritania and Syria. MedCOF is aimed at developing consensus based seasonal outlook for the Mediterranean region, strengthening the NMHSs existing capabilities in seasonal forecasting, and promoting inter-regional cooperation and partnership.

Further information and product, outcomes are available at:

Mediterranean Climate Outlook Forum (MedCOF)


North Eurasian Climate Outlook Forum (NEACOF)

North Eurasia Climate Outlook Forum (NEACOF) has been operating since 2011 and supported by the North Eurasia Climate Center (NEACC). As a result of NEACOF activities, consensus-based seasonal climate information has been provided to support sustainable development efforts in the Commonwealth Independent States (CIS) region (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan). Further NEACOF information and product outcome are available at:


Southeastern Europe Climate Outlook Forum (SEECOF)

The Southeastern Europe Climate Outlook Forum (SEECOF) is the very first regional climate outlook forum in Europe, started in 2008 at Zagreb, Croatia. The countries participating in SEECOF are: Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia, Montenegro, Albania, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Greece, Turkey, Bulgaria, Rumania, Moldova, Israel, Cyprus, Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan. Further details of SEECOF and links to climate outloook are available at:





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