CHINA

BRIEF INTRODUCTION OF CHINESE
ANTARCTIC METEOROLOGICAL ACTIVITES

Chinese Antarctic Great Wall station was established in February 1985 at the King George island and surface meteorological observations have been done continuously since January 1985 by the Chinese Antarctic Expedition (CHINARE). The surface synoptic reports at 00 06 12 18 UTC have been sent to GTS via Chile's Antarctic Frei Meteorological Centre since 23 March 1985.

Zhongshan station was built on the Lassman Hill in March 1989 and the surface meteorological observations have been made since then. The synoptic reports at 00 06 12 18 UTC were started to send to GTS since February 1990 via Australian Antarctic Davis's Polar Orbiting Satellite communication system.

 

WEATHER

Synoptic Data Availability and Site Information

ANTARCTIC STATIONS

STATION

YEARS

OBS. FREQ.

ELEV.

LAT.

LON.

SUMMER SURFACE

GREATWALL (89058)

1985-

3h

10m

6212'S 5812'W GRAVEL
ZHONGSHAN (89573)

1989-

3h

17.7m

6922'S 7622'E ROCK

 

Contact:

Mr. Lu Longhua
Polar Meteorological Lab.
Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences
Beijing, 100081, China

Table 1.

APPROXIMATE AVAILABILITY OF WEATHER ELEMENTS

ELEMENT

GREAT WALL

ZHONG SHAN

TEMPERATURE

1985-

1989-

MAXIMUM

1985-

1989-

MINIMUM

1985-

1989-

DRY BULB

1985-

1989-

WET BULB

1985-

1989-

DEW POINT

1985-

1989-

HUMIDITY

1985-

1989-

AIR PRESSURE

1985-

1989-

MEAN SEA LEVEL

1985-

1989-

STATION LEVEL

1985-

1989-

MAX WIND GUST (CUP)

1985-

1989-

WIND > 20KTS

1985-

1989-

WIND > 30KTS

1985-

1989-

FROST

1985-

1989-

SNOWSTORM

1985-

1989-

MIST\HAZE

1985-

 
FOG

1985-

1989-

RAINFALL

1985-

 
SUNSHINE

1985-

1989-

CLOUD AMOUNT

1985-

1989-

CLOUDY DAYS

1985-

1989-

SOIL 00cm

1985-

 
SOIL 40cm

1985-

 
SOIL 160cm

1985

 

 

WEATHER

Radiation Data

Global radiation Feb. 1990 - Jan. 1991
Reflected radiation  
Net radiation of long wave and short wave Feb. 1993 - present
Total UV  

Contact:

Mr. Bian Lingen
Polar Meteorological Lab.
Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences
Beijing, 100081, China
Fax: 86 1 834 7390

 

Surface Meteorological Data

Great Wall 1985-
Shongshan 1989-

 

Further details on weather elements observed at these stations are provided in table 1.

Contact:

Mr. Bian Lingen
Polar Meteorological Lab.
Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences
Beijing, 100081, China
Fax: 86 1 834 7390

ATMOSPHERIC COMPOSITION

Ozone

Total Column Ozone and UB-B (Brewer)

Zhongshan Station 1993.3 - present Except polar night

Contact:

Mr Guo Song
Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences (CAMS)
Bai Shi Qiao Road No. 46
Beijing, 100081, China

Fax: 86-1-834 7390

 

Trace Gases

SO2 NO2 (Brewer)

Zhongshan Station 1993.3-present

 

Contact:

Mr Guo Song
Atmospheric Chemistry Institute
CAMS, Beijing, 100081
Bai Shi Qiao Road No.46

 

SOUTHERN OCEAN

Meteorological Observations

Southern ocean meteorological observations have been made during austral summer between southern ocean and Great Wall Station or Zhongshan Station.

Synoptic data Dec.1986 - mid of March 1987
Air temperature Dec. 1988 - mid of March 1989
Air pressure Dec. 1989 - mid of March 1990
Wind speed and direction Dec. 1991 - mid of March 1992
Ocean wave etc. Dec. 1992 - mid of March 1993

 

Contact:

Mr Li Zhenpei
Science and Technology Department
Antarctic Office
National Oceanographic Administration
Beijing, 100860, China

 

ICE

Sea Ice Thickness

Observations of sea ice thickness are made nearby Zhongshan Station once a month.

Sea ice thickness 1989 - 1993

Contact:

Mr. Bian Lingen
Polar Meteorological Lab.
Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences
Beijing, 100081, China
Fax: 86 1 834 7390

 

Ice Cores

Nelson Ice cap King George

1987

depth: about 20 meters

Analyses: Crystal structure, oxygen isotope radio

Colins Icecap King George

1989

depth: about 1000 meters

Analyses: Crystal structure, oxygen isotope radio

Contact:

Dr Qin Dahe
Lan Zhou Glaciology Institute
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Lan Zhou, 730000, China

 

SATELLITE DATA

AVHRR Raw Data

Great Wall every day Jan. 1993 -
Zhongshan every day March. 1993 -

Contact:

Dr Dong Zhaoqin
Polar Research Institute of China
451 Shangchuan Road
Shanghai, 200129, China