ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE PROVISION OF METEOROLOGICAL ASSISTANCE TO UN HUMANITARIAN MISSIONS
The United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) shall normally request a service from the national Meteorological Service National Meteorological Centre (NMC) of the country concerned. If the NMC is not operational, this fact shall be confirmed to the associated RSMC with geographical specialization when requesting a service. OCHA shall also specify details of area or location for which service is required. The NMCs or RSMCs usually provide the products to the OCHA Headquarters operation centre. The RSMCs zones of responsibility are as specified in the annex to this appendix.
The NMC shall:
Upon receipt of a request from OCHA, provide to OCHA or its designated recipient location, basic meteorological and climate information and forecasts. The products to be provided will be negotiated with OCHA, but could consist of 72 hour public weather forecasts, severe weather advisories and warnings longer-range outlooks, and may include climate information for specified areas or locations in support of humanitarian missions.
The WMO Secretariat shall:
(a) Upon request, from OCHA, arrange guidance in interpretation of specialized meteorological information and products made available by NMCs or RSMCs;
(b) Establish and maintain up-to-date NMCs operational contact points for assistance to UN humanitarian missions and make these available to OCHA and RSMCs.
(c) Establish and maintain up-to-date RSMCs contact points and their back-ups.
The RSMC with geographical specialization and its back-up for the relevant zone of responsibility shall:
(a) Upon receipt of a request from OCHA with confirmation that the relevant national Meteorological Service NMC of a Member facing an emergency or in catastrophic distress and out of Service, provide to OCHA, basic meteorological and climate information and forecasts. The products to be provided will be negotiated with OCHA, but could consist of 72 hour public weather forecasts, severe weather advisories, and warnings, and longer-range outlook and may include climate information for specified areas or locations in support of humanitarian missions;
(b) For ongoing requirement determine in consultation with OCHA, relevant set of climate information, basic forecasts, their format and methods of delivery, location of delivery, depending on the nature of the situation;
Provision of forecasts from a remote RSMC is not an ideal arrangement and the quality of the forecasts can be expected to be reduced accordingly. The service provided should be accepted on the terms of a best effort basis and recognized as such by OCHA.
ANNEX ZONES OF RESPONSIBILITY OF RSMCs FOR PROVIDING BACKUP SERVICES TO UNITED NATIONS HUMANITARIAN MISSIONS RSMC
ZONE OF RESPONSIBILITY
OCHA former UN/DHA - United Nations/Department for Humanitarian Affairs
* With effect from 1 July 1997, Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region of the Peoples Republic of China.