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Programmes > WWW > WIS >Centres

 

Centres

 

 

Figure 1 - Diagram showing WIS core components and Information Exchange

WWW Centres evolving to WIS core components

WWW Centres WIS Centres
NMC
NC
RSMC
DCPC
WMC
DCPC and/or GISC
RTH
DCPC
RTH on MTN
DCPC and/or GISC
Others
NC and/or DCPC

Table - Expected mapping of current WWW Centres into WIS

 

The terms are used for describing the necessary functions, not actual organizational entities.  There may be organizations, such as NMHSs, which combine all three functions within their structure.

As well as providing the solution for the information exchange needs of NMHSs, WIS will also connect other national centres (NCs), such as relevant non-NMHS agencies/users, research facilities, and international programme centres. 

Existing centres within WMO Member States that comply with the required WIS functions and technical specifications will be designated as either Data Collection or Production Centres, or National Centres. Centres providing the new functionality of WIS including more effective global connectivity, hosting of the WIS global discovery metadata catalogues and supporting the new discovery, access and retrieval functions of WIS may be hosted in existing WMO centres, but in themselves are a new type of centre.

WIS encompasses three types of centres. For regional and global connectivity, Global Information System Centres (GISCs) will collect and distribute the information meant for routine global dissemination, while serving as collection and distribution centres in their areas of responsibilities; providing entry points, through unified portals and comprehensive metadata catalogues, for any request for data held within the WIS. Connected to the GISCs, the Data Collection or Production Centres (DCPCs) will be responsible for the collection or generation of sets of data, forecast products, processed or value-added information, and/or for providing archiving services. National Centres (NCs) will collect and distribute data on a national basis and will coordinate or authorize the use of the WIS by national users, normally under a policy established by the respective Permanent Representative with WMO.

National Centres (NC)

As is the case in the current GTS of WMO, WIS requires reliable national centres, referred to as NC.  The NC is responsible for collecting and providing observational data and products intended for global or regional distribution to their responsible GISC or DCPC, and distributing data on a national basis.  The NCs coordinate or authorise the use of the WIS by eligible national users.  According to the national policy, more than one NC can exist in a country. Normally the Permanent Representative (PR) of the country establishes the national policy and practice and coordinates the various users. NCs roles can be summarised as follows:

 

  • Collect observational data from within their country
  • Collect, generate and disseminate products for national use
  • Authorise their national users to access WIS, as required
  • Provide observations and products intended for global dissemination to their responsible GISC (possibly via a DCPC)
  • Provide observations and products intended for regional or specialised distribution to the responsible DCPC
  • Participate in monitoring the performance of the system

Data Collection or Production Centres (DCPC)

Centres that fulfil within specific WMO Programmes an international responsibility for the generation and provision for international distribution of data, forecast products, processed or value-added information, and/or for providing archiving services, are referred to as Data Collection or Production Centres.  DCPCs can also provide basic WIS functions such as metadata catalogues, Internet portals and data access management.  Examples of DCPCs are the Regional Specialised Meteorological Centres (RSMC) with activity specialisation or geographic specialisation, as well as the Regional Climate Centres. DCPC roles can be summarised as follows:

 

  • Collect information intended for dissemination to NCs within its area of responsibility (i.e. regional collections)
  • Collect special programme-related data and products;
  • Produce regional or specialised data and products;
  • Provide information intended for global exchange to their responsible GISC;
  • Disseminate information not intended for global exchange;
  • Support access to their products via WMO request/reply (”Pull”) mechanisms in an appropriate manner;
  • Describe their products according to an agreed WMO standard and provide access to this catalogue of products and provide this information as appropriate to other centres, in particular a GISC;
  • Ensure that they have procedures and arrangements in place to provide swift recovery or backup of their essential services in the event of an outage (due to, for example, fire or a natural disaster);
  • Participate in monitoring the performance of the system.

 

Global Information System Centres (GISC)

The regional and global connectivity of the WIS structure is guaranteed by the existence of a small number of node centres called Global Information System Centres (GISC). GISCs primary role is to collect and information from WIS contributing centres in their area of responsibility and pass information to centres in their area and to send information meant for global distribution to the other GISCs. GISCs also ensure information from other regions is distributed or at least, available to, centres within the GISCs area of responsibility. In this way, information used in the the provision of weather, climate and water services  and research is collected and distributed regionally and globally as quickly and efficiently as possible.
GISCs play a core role in the management and maintenance of discovery metadata that underlies the data management and information discovery, access and retrieval functions of WIS. All GISCs hold a synchronised copy of the Discovery Metadata that identifies all information available and exchanged throughout the WMO community. This includes providing links to discovery metadata in partner or collaborative systems such as GEOSS so that the Discovery, Access and Retrieval (DAR) services in WIS can be used by WMO communities to discover and access information from WMO and from other interoperable systems. The GISCs Discovery, Access and Retrieval services can also be used to provide national DAR for Members own centres, or used to complement national DAR services by allowing discovery of information from other nations and international organizations data centres. A list of GISCs and their status can be found in the WIS Centres Database.
The role of a GISC is defined as:

 

  • Receive observational data and products that are intended for global exchange from NCs and DCPCs within their area of responsibility, reformat as necessary and aggregate into products that cover their responsible area;
  • Exchange information intended for global dissemination with other GISCs;
  • Disseminate, within its area of responsibility, the entire set of data and products agreed by WMO for routine global exchange (this dissemination can be via any combination of the Internet, satellite, multicasting, etc. as appropriate to meet the needs of Members that require its products);
  • Hold the entire set of data and products agreed by WMO for routine global exchange for at least 24 hours and make it available via WMO request/reply (”Pull”) mechanisms;
  • Maintain, in accordance to the WMO standards, a catalogue of all data and products for global exchange and provide access to this catalogue to locate the relevant centre;
  • Provide around-the-clock connectivity to the public and private networks at a bandwidth that is sufficient to meet its global and regional responsibilities;
  • Co-ordinate with the Centres within its area of responsibility a WIS telecommunications infrastructure that can meet the WIS requirements for information exchange within the area and that can exchange agreed WIS time critical and operational critical information with other areas.
  • Ensure that they have procedures and arrangements in place to provide swift recovery or backup of their essential services in the event of an outage (due to, for example, fire or a natural disaster);
  • Participate in monitoring the performance of the system, including monitoring the collection and distribution of data and products intended for global exchange.

 

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