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Tropical Cyclone Naming

1. Historical Background

The practice of naming storms (tropical cyclones) began years ago in order to help in the quick identification of storms in warning messages because names are presumed to be far easier to remember than numbers and technical terms. Many agree that appending names to storms makes it easier for the media to report on tropical cyclones, heightens interest in warnings and increases community preparedness.

Experience shows that the use of short, distinctive given names in written as well as spoken communications is quicker and less subject to error than the older more cumbersome latitude-longitude identification methods. These advantages are especially important in exchanging detailed storm information between hundreds of widely scattered stations, coastal bases, and ships at sea.

In the beginning, storms were named arbitrarily. An Atlantic storm that ripped off the mast of a boat named Antje became known as Antje's hurricane. Then the mid-1900's saw the start of the practice of using feminine names for storms.

In the pursuit of a more organized and efficient naming system, meteorologists later decided to identify storms using names from a list arranged alpabetically. Thus, a storm with a name which begins with A, like Anne, would be the first storm to occur in the year. Before the end of the 1900's, forecasters started using male names for those forming in the Southern Hemisphere.

Since 1953, Atlantic tropical storms have been named from lists originated by the National Hurricane Center. They are now maintained and updated by an international committee of the World Meteorological Organization. The original name lists featured only women's names. In 1979, men's names were introduced and they alternate with the women's names. Six lists are used in rotation. Thus, the 2008 list will be used again in 2014.

The only time that there is a change in the list is if a storm is so deadly or costly that the future use of its name on a different storm would be inappropriate for reasons of sensitivity. If that occurs, then at an annual meeting by the WMO Tropical Cyclone Committees (called primarily to discuss many other issues) the offending name is stricken from the list and another name is selected to replace it. Infamous storm names such as Katrina (USA, 2005), Mitch (Honduras, 1998) and Tracy (Darwin, 1974) are examples for this.

2. Procedure of Naming Tropical Cyclones

There is a strict procedure to determine a list of tropical cyclone names in an ocean basin(s) by the Tropical Cyclone Regional Body responsible for that basin(s) at its annual/biennial meeting. There are five tropical cyclone regional bodies, i.e. ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee, WMO/ESCAP Panel on Tropical Cyclones, RA I Tropical Cyclone Committee, RA IV Hurricane Committee, and RA V Tropical Cyclone Committee. For instance, Hurricane Committee determines a pre-designated list of hurricane names for six years separately at its annual session. The pre-designated list of hurricane names are proposed by its members that include National Meteorological and Hydrological Services in the North/Central America and the Caribbean. Naming procedures in other regions are almost the same as in the Caribbean. In general, tropical cyclones are named according to the rules at a regional level.

It is important to note that tropical cyclones/hurricanes are named neither after any particular person, nor with any preference in alphabetical sequence. The tropical cyclone/hurricane names selected are those that are familiar to the people in each region. Obviously, the main purpose of naming a tropical cyclone/hurricane is basically for people easily to understand and remember the tropical cyclone/hurricane in a region, thus to facilitate tropical cyclone/hurricane disaster risk awareness, preparedness, management and reduction.

3. Tropical Cyclone Names Worldwide

Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and the North Atlantic Names

2013
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Andrea
Barry
Chantal
Dorian
Erin
Fernand
Gabrielle
Humberto
Ingrid
Jerry
Karen
Lorenzo
Melissa
Nestor
Olga
Pablo
Rebekah
Sebastien
Tanya
Van
Wendy

Arthur
Bertha
Cristobal
Dolly
Edouard
Fay
Gonzalo
Hanna
Isaias
Josephine
Kyle
Laura
Marco
Nana
Omar
Paulette
Rene
Sally
Teddy
Vicky
Wilfred

Ana
Bill
Claudette
Danny
Erika
Fred
Grace
Henri
Ida
Joaquin
Kate
Larry
Mindy
Nicholas
Odette
Peter
Rose
Sam
Teresa
Victor
Wanda

Alex
Bonnie
Colin
Danielle
Earl
Fiona
Gaston
Hermine
Ian
Julia
Karl
Lisa
Matthew
Nicole
Otto
Paula
Richard
Shary
Tobias
Virginie
Walter

Arlene
Bret
Cindy
Don
Emily
Franklin
Gert
Harvey
Irma
Jose
Katia
Lee
Maria
Nate
Ophelia
Philippe
Rina
Sean
Tammy
Vince
Whitney

Alberto
Beryl
Chris
Debby
Ernesto
Florence
Gordon
Helene
Isaac
Joyce
Kirk
Leslie
Michael
Nadine
Oscar
Patty
Rafael
Sara
Tony
Valerie
William


The six lists are used in rotation. Thus, the 2013 list will be used again in 2019.
___________________________________________________________________

Eastern North Pacific Names

2013
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Alvin
Barbara
Cosme
Dalila
Erick
Flossie
Gil
Henriette
Ivo
Juliette
Kiko
Lorena
Manuel
Narda
Octave
Priscilla
Raymond
Sonia
Tico
Velma
Wallis
Xina
York
Zelda

Amanda
Boris
Cristina
Douglas
Elida
Fausto
Genevieve
Hernan
Iselle
Julio
Karina
Lowell
Marie
Norbert
Odile
Polo
Rachel
Simon
Trudy
Vance
Winnie
Xavier
Yolanda
Zeke

Andres
Blanca
Carlos
Dolores
Enrique
Felicia
Guillermo
Hilda
Ignacio
Jimena
Kevin
Linda
Marty
Nora
Olaf
Patricia
Rick
Sandra
Terry
Vivian
Waldo
Xina
York
Zelda

Agatha
Blas
Celia
Darby
Estelle
Frank
Georgette
Howard
Isis
Javier
Kay
Lester
Madeline
Newton
Orlene
Paine
Roslyn
Seymour
Tina
Virgil
Winifred
Xavier
Yolanda
Zeke

Adrian
Beatriz
Calvin
Dora
Eugene
Fernanda
Greg
Hilary
Irwin
Jova
Kenneth
Lidia
Max
Norma
Otis
Pilar
Ramon
Selma
Todd
Veronica
Wiley
Xina
York
Zelda

Aletta
Bud
Carlotta
Daniel
Emilia
Fabio
Gilma
Hector
Ileana
John
Kristy
Lane
Miriam
Norman
Olivia
Paul
Rosa
Sergio
Tara
Vicente
Willa
Xavier
Yolanda
Zeke


These lists are also re-cycled every six years (the 2013 list will be used again in 2019).
___________________________________________________________________

Central North Pacific Names

List 1
List 2
List 3
List 4

Akoni
Ema
Hone
Iona
Keli
Lala
Moke
Nolo
Olana
Pena
Ulana
Wale

Aka
Ekeka
Hene
Iolana
Keoni
Lino
Mele
Nona
Oliwa
Pama
Upana
Wene

Alika
Ele
Huko
Iopa
Kika
Lana
Maka
Neki
Omeka
Pewa
Unala
Wali

Ana
Ela
Halola
Iune
Kilo
Loke
Malia
Niala
Oho
Pali
Ulika
Walaka


The names are used one after the other. When the bottom of one list is reached, the next name is the top of the next list.
___________________________________________________________________

Western North Pacific and the South China Sea Names (as of 2012)

Contributor
I
II
III
IV
V

Cambodia
China
DPR Korea
HK, China
Japan
Lao PDR
Macao, China
Malaysia
Micronesia
Philippines
RO Korea
Thailand
U.S.A.
Vietnam
Cambodia
China
DPR Korea
HK, China
Japan
Lao PDR
Macao, China
Malaysia
Micronesia
Philippines
RO Korea
Thailand
U.S.A.
Vietnam

Damrey
Haikui
Kirogi
Kai-Tak
Tembin
Bolaven
Sanba
Jelawat
Ewiniar
Maliksi
Gaemi
Prapiroon
Maria
Son-Tinh
Bopha
Wukong
Sonamu
Shanshan
Yagi
Leepi
Bebinca
Rumbia
Soulik
Cimaron
Jebi
Mangkhut
Utor
Trami

Kong-rey
Yutu
Toraji
Man-yi
Usagi
Pabuk
Wutip
Sepat
Fitow
Danas
Nari
Wipha
Francisco
Lekima
Krosa
Haiyan
Podul
Lingling
Kajiki
Faxai
Peipah
Tapah
Mitag
Hagibis
Neoguri
Rammasun
Matmo
Halong

Nakri
Fengshen
Kalmaegi
Fung-wong
Kanmuri
Phanfone
Vongfong
Nuri
Sinlaku
Hagupit
Jangmi
Mekkhala
Higos
Bavi
Maysak
Haishen
Noul
Dolphin
Kujira
Chan-hom
Linfa
Nangka
Soudelor
Molave
Goni
Atsani
Etau
Vamco

Krovanh
Dujuan
Mujigae
Choi-wan
Koppu
Champi
In-fa
Melor
Nepartak
Lupit
Mirinae
Nida
Omais
Conson
Chanthu
Dianmu
Mindulle
Lionrock
Kompasu
Namtheun
Malou
Meranti
Rai
Malakas
Megi
Chaba
Aere
Songda

Sarika
Haima
Meari
Ma-on
Tokage
Nock-ten
Muifa
Merbok
Nanmadol
Talas
Noru
Kulap
Roke
Sonca
Nesat
Haitang
Nalgae
Banyan
Washi
Pakhar
Sanvu
Mawar
Guchol
Talim
Doksuri
Khanun
Vicente
Saola


RSMC Tokyo – Typhoon Center will assign a tropical cyclone a name from the list followed by a 4-digit identification number (in brackets). Names on the list will only be given to tropical cyclones of tropical storm strength or above.These names are used sequentially. That is, if the last storm of the year is Cimaron, the first storm of the next year is Jebi.
___________________________________________________________________

Australian TCWC's Area of Responsibility (as of 2010)

A
B
C
D
E
F
G

H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
PQ
R
S

T
UV

WXYZ

Anika
Billy
Charlotte
Dominic
Ellie
Freddy
Gabrielle
Herman
Ilsa
Jasper
Kirrily
Lincoln
Megan
Neville
Olga
Paul
Robyn
Sean
Tasha
Vince
Zelia

Anthony
Bianca
Carlos
Dianne
Errol
Fina
Grant
Heidi
Iggy
Jasmine
Koji
Lua
Mitchell
Narelle
Oswald
Peta
Rusty
Sandra
Tim
Victoria
Zane

Alessia
Bruce
Catherine Dylan
Edna
Fletcher
Gillian
Hadi
Ita
Jack
Kate
Lam
Marcia
Nathan
Olwyn
Quang
Raquel
Stan
Tatjana
Uriah
Yvette

Alfred
Blanche
Caleb
Debbie
Ernie
Frances
Greg
Hilda
Ira
Joyce
Kelvin
Linda
Marcus
Nora
Owen
Penny
Riley
Savannah
Trevor
Veronica
Wallace

Ann
Blake
Claudia
Damien
Esther
Ferdinand
Gretel
Harold
Imogen
Joshua
Kimi
Lucas
Marian
Noah
Odette
Paddy
Ruby
Seth
Tiffany
Verdun


Note: 
The single list of names that are used by all of the Bureau of Meteorology Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres (TCWC) was introduced for the start of the 2008/09 season, replacing the three lists that existed previously.

The name of a new tropical cyclone is usually selected from this list of names. If a named cyclone moves into the Australian region from another country's zone of responsibility, the name assigned by that other country will be retained. The names are normally chosen in sequence, when the list is exhausted, we return to the start of the list.

___________________________________________________________________

RSMC Nadi's Area of Responsibility (as of 2010)

List A
List B
List C
List D

List E
(Standby)

Ana
Bina
Cody
Dovi
Eva
Fili
Gina
Hagar
Irene
Judy
Kerry
Lola
Mal
Nat
Olo
Pita
Rae
Sheila
Tam
Urmil
Vaianu
Wati
Xavier
Yani
Zita

Arthur
Becky
Chip
Denia
Elisa
Fotu
Glen
Hettie
Innis
Joni
Ken
Lin
Mick
Nisha
Oli
Pat
Rene
Sarah
Tomas

Vania
Wilma
Yasi
Zaka

Atu
Bune
Cyril
Daphne
Evan
Freda
Garry
Heley
Ian
June
Kofi
Lusi
Mike
Nute
Odile
Pam
Reuben
Solo
Tuni
Ula
Victor
Winston
Yalo
Zena

Amos
Bart
Colin
Donna
Ella
Frank
Gita
Hali
Iris
Jo
Kala
Leo
Mona
Neil
Oma
Pami
Rita
Sarai
Tino

Vicky
Wiki
Yolande
Zazu

Alvin
Bela
Cook
Dean
Eden
Florin
Garth
Hart
Isa
Julie
Kelvin
Louise
Moses
Niko
Opeti
Pearl
Rex
Suki
Troy

Vanessa
Wano
Yvonne
Zidane

Lists A, B, C, and D are used sequentially one after the other. The first name in any given year is the one immediately following the last name from the previous year. List E is a list of replacement names if they become necessary. Wellington TCWC will name the cyclone, in consultation with RSMC Nadi, by using the next name from RSMC Nadi's list, if a tropical cyclone in the Wellington TCWC's area of responsibility, Wellington.
____________________________________________________________________

Port Moresby TCWC's Area of Responsibility (as of 2010)

List A

List B
(Standby)

Alu
Buri
Dodo
Emau
Fere
Hibu
Ila
Kama
Lobu
Maila

Nou
Obaha
Paia
Ranu
Sabi
Tau
Ume
Vali
Wau
Auram

 

 


Lists A and B are used sequentially one after the other. The first name in any given year is the one immediately following the last name from the previous year.
___________________________________________________________________

Jakarta TCWc's Area of Responsibility

List A

List B
(Standby)

Anggrek
Bakung
Cempaka
Dahlia
Flamboyan
Kenanga
Lili
Mawar
Seroja
Teratai

Anggur
Belimbing
Duku
Jambu
Lengkeng
Mangga
Nangka
Pisang
Rambuta
Sawo

 


The name of a new tropical cyclone is determined by sequential cycling through List A.  Standby List B is used to replace retired names in List A and any replacement will be added to the bottom of List A to maintain the alphabetical order.
___________________________________________________________________

Northern Indian Ocean Names (as of 2014)

Contributors
List 1
List 2
List 3
List 4

Bangladesh
India
Maldives
Mayanmar
Oman
Pakistan
Sri Lanka
Thailand

Onil
Agni
Hibaru
Pyarr
Baaz
Fanoos
Mala
Mukda

Ogni
Akash
Gonu
Yemyin
Sidr
Nargis
Rashmi
Khai Muk

Nisha
Bijli
Aila
Phyan
Ward
Laila
Bandu
Phet

Giri
Jal
Keila
Thane
Murjan
Nilam
Viyaru
Phailin

Contributors
List 5
List 6
List 7
List 8

Bangladesh
India
Maldives
Mayanmar
Oman
Pakistan
Sri Lanka
Thailand

Helen
Lehar
Madi
Nanauk
Hudhud
Nilofar
Ashobaa
Komen

Chapala
Megh
Roanu
Kyant
Nada
Vardah
Maarutha
Mora

Ockhi
Sagar
Mekunu
Daye
Luban
Titli
Gaja
Phethai

Fani
Vayu
Hikaa
Kyarr
Maha
Bulbul
Pawan
Amphan


The RSMC tropical cyclones New Delhi will give a tropical cyclone an identification name from the above name list. The identification system covers both the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal.
___________________________________________________________________

Southwest Indian Ocean Names (as of 2014)

 CYCLONE SEASON2011/2012

Names

Provided by

ALENGA
BENILDE
CHANDA
D
ANDO
ETHEL
F
UNSO
GIOVANNA
HILWA
I
RINA
J
ONI
KUENA
LESEGO
MICHEL
NOYANA

O
LIVIER
POKERA
QUINCY

REBAONE

SALAMA
TRISTAN

URSULA
VIOLET

WILSON

XAVIER

YEKELA

ZA
INA

Kenya
Mozambique
Mauritius
Tanzania
Zimbabwe
Malawi
Seychelles
Comores
Madagascar
Botswana
Lesotho
South Africa
France
Swaziland
Mauritius
Malawi
Seychelles
Botswana
Comores
France
Kenya
South Africa
Mozambique
Madagascar
Swaziland
Tanzania

 

 

 CYCLONE SEASON2012/2013 

Names

Provided by

ANAIS
BOLDWIN
CLAUDIA
DUMILE
E
MANG
F
ELLENG
G
INO
HA
RUNA
I
MELDA
J
AMALA
K
ACHAY
LU
CIANO
MA
RIAM
N
JAZI
ON
IAS
P
ELAGIE
Q
UILIRO
R
ICHARD
SOLANI
TAMIM
URILIA

V
UYANE
WAGNER

X
USA
YA
RONA
ZA
CARIAS

France
South Africa
Madagascar
Swaziland
Botswana
Lesotho
Mauritius
Zimbabwe
Seychelles
Comores
Kenya
Mozambique
Tanzania
Malawi
Zimbabwe
Madagascar
Comores
Seychelles
Swaziland
Tanzania
South Africa
Lesotho
Kenya
Malawi
Botswana
Mozambique

 

CYCLONE SEASON
20
14/2015 


Names

Provided by

ADJALI

BANSI

CHEDZA

DIAMONDRA

EUNICE

FUNDI

GLENDA

HALIBA

IKOLA

JOALANE

KESHA

LUGENDA

MAHARA

NATHAN

OSCAR

PULENG

QUOTTO

ROSELINA

SITARA

TARIK

UMALI

VUNTU

WEZI

XOLANI

YOLANDE

ZITA


Comores (F)

Mauritius (M)

Botswana (F)

Madagascar (F)

Zimbabwe (F)

Kenya (M)

South Africa (F)

Swaziland (M)

Tanzania (F)

Lesotho (F)

Seychelles (F)

Mozambique (M)

Malawi (N)

France (M)

South Africa (M)

Lesotho (F)

Madagascar (?)

Mozambique (F)

Comores (?)

Mauritius (M)

Zimbabwe (M)

Botswana (F)

Malawi (F)

Swaziland (M)

France (F)

Seychelles (F)

These lists are used sequentially, and they are not rotated every few years as are the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific lists.
___________________________________________________________________

 

 
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