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December 2015

Feature articles

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        2015 Likely to be Warmest on Record

The global average surface temperature in 2015 is likely to be the warmest on record and reach the symbolic and significant milestone of 1°C above the pre-industrial era. WMO concludes that this record high is due to the combination of a strong El Niño and human-induced global warming.

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        Greenland Ice Loss

One of Greenland’s glaciers is losing five billion tonnes of ice a year to the ocean, according to researchers. While these new findings may be disturbing, they are reinforced by a concerted effort to map changes in ice sheets with different sensors from space agencies around the world.

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ozone       2015 Ozone Hole One of the Largest on Record

The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is effective: the production and consumption of chlorofluorocarbons and halons has stopped. The atmospheric concentration of chlorine- and bromine-containing compounds is slowly decreasing after reaching a maximum around year 2000.

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elnino       El Niño Conference

One of the strongest El Niño events ever measured is currently under way. It is already causing droughts and flooding in different parts of the world and affecting food production, water availability, public health and energy supplies.

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        Studying Climate Using History

Surprisingly, the study of history is increasingly becoming an important area of investigation in weather and climate change. Frequently, scientists who take part in the WMO Commission for Climatology (CCl) special ad hoc weather extremes committee must become quasi-historians.

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        Power of Shared Earth Observations

A Ministerial Declaration, issued at the Ministerial Summit and twelfth plenary of the intergovernmental Group on Earth Observations (GEO) in November [...]

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chalilo       GFCS Adaptation Programme in the Caribbean

As a regional partner in the WMO Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS), the Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology (CIMH) supports national meteorological offices across the Caribbean in their quest to develop and deliver climate information through comprehensive climate services.

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hamburg       Climate Forecast for Germany’s City Dwellers

Today, the majority of German citizens live in cities where climate information is available to support city management and urban planning to reduce or minimize negative climate impacts on inhabitants.

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        Health Impacts of Airborne Dust

The first Africa/Middle East expert meeting and workshop on the health impact of airborne dust was held in Amman, Jordan, from 2 to 5 November.

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        Connecting Farmers to Meteorological Services

From 2012 to 2015, representatives from 17 West African Meteorological Services interacted with over 10 600 farmers in a four-year project that organized 260 seminars.

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        Air Pollution Harms Agriculture

Air pollution has an impact on agriculture and, in turn, agriculture contributes to air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.

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datarescueImaging climatological paper archives in Niger.       Data Rescue in West Africa

A joint WMO and Government of Greece project to Enhance Climate Services launched in March in collaboration with the Meteorological Services of Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger, and the African Centre of Meteorological Applications for Development is already yielding encouraging results.

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        Seasonal Forecasts and Water Management

In October, the Italian Regional Training Centre in Florence organized an International Training Course on “Seasonal Forecasts and Water Management in the Mediterranean Basin: Integrated Approach.”

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italy
      Italian Festival of Meteorology

The University of Trento organized the first “Italian Festival of Meteorology” on 16 and 17 October in Rovereto, Italy. The event offered a unique and unprecedented opportunity for public and private weather services, research institutions, universities, companies, associations, students and people interested in meteorology to meet..

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        SOOS Metadata Portal

The Southern Ocean Observing System (SOOS) metadata portal is now live. This resource contains almost 5 000 records, describing research datasets from physical, chemical and biological sciences throughout the Southern Ocean, collected by researchers from many countries.
The portal is run through NASA’s Global Change Master Directory (GCMD), and presents a subset of all records in the GCMD that relate to the candidate Essential Ocean Variables (EOVs) that have been identified as the focus of SOOS data efforts.

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summerschool       International Swiss Climate Summer School

Swiss Climate Research, a network of leading Swiss institutions in climate research and education, invites young scientists to join high-profile climate researchers in a scenic Swiss Alpine setting for keynote lectures, workshops and poster sessions for the 15th International Swiss Climate Summer School 2016, which is focusing on the theme “Climate Risks – Coping with Uncertainty”.
Detailed information and application forms available here

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extreme       Explaining Extreme Events

Human activities, such as greenhouse gas emission production and land use, influenced specific extreme weather and climate events in 2014, including tropical cyclones in the central Pacific, heavy rainfall in Europe, drought in East Africa and stifling heatwaves in Australia, Asia and South America [...]

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ipcc       IPCC Elects Bureau for Sixth Assessment Cycle

The forty-second session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) elected Hoesung Lee of the Republic of Korea as its new Chairperson. It also elected a new 34-member Bureau to lead the Panel as it works on the forthcoming Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) as well as a new Bureau for the Task Force on National Greenhouse Inventories.
The forty-second session of the IPCC was held in Dubrovnik, Croatia, from 5 to 8 October. The primary focus of the next session, which will take place in Nairobi, Kenya, from 11 to 13 April 2016, will be the Special Reports to be published during the sixth assessment cycle and the scoping process for all of the AR6 reports.

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weatherspkrs       Weather presenters at COP-21

With financial support from the Government of Denmark and the UN Foundation, WMO invited an international group of weather presenters to report from COP-21 during the first week. Further support was provided by the French Meteorological Society (SMF) and Climate Central.

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jarraud       Michel Jarraud, Secretary-General, 2001-2015

MeteoWorld would like to use this opportunity to recognize Secretary-General Michel Jarraud, as he leaves Office in December 2015, for launching this newsletter in 2004.

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Newly Issued

 

 

 


 

World Meteorological Day 2016WMD016

     

World Hydrological Cycle Observing System Guidelines, WMO No. 1155, ISBN 978-92-63-11155-6. Available in English.

Guide to Participation in Radio-frequency Coordination, WMO No. 1159, ISBN 978-92-63-11159-3. Available in English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic and Chinese.

WMO Strategic Plan 2016-2019, WMO No. 1161, ISBN 978-92-63-11161-6. Available in English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish.

Satellites for Climate Services: case studies for establishing an architecture for climate monitoring from space, WMO No. 1162, ISBN 978-92-63-11162-3. Available in English.


publications

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The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the World Meteorological Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitations of its frontiers or boundaries.
We welcome your comments and look forward to hearing from you: editor@wmo.int.

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