Summary of WMO co-sponsored programmes
WMO and the United Nations Environment Programme established the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 1988. The role of the IPCC is to assess, on a comprehensive, objective, open and transparent basis, the scientific, technical and socio-economic information relevant to understanding the scientific basis of risk of human-induced climate change, its potential impacts and options for adaptation and mitigation. The IPCC does not carry out research nor does it monitor climate-related data or other relevant parameters. It bases its assessment mainly on peer reviewed and published scientific/technical literature.
The World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) is sponsored by WMO, the International Council for Science and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO. It supports progress in the prediction capabilities of operational centres in extended weather and seasonal forecasts and contributes to predictions of interannual, decadal and longer-term variability and to increasing skill and evaluating uncertainties in climate-change projections. WCRP provides a major part of the scientific material assessed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in its advice to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and forms the scientific basis for adaptation to climate change and for developing mitigation strategies that are eventually implemented on international and regional levels.
The Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) was established in 1992 to ensure that the observations and information needed to address climate-related issues are obtained and made available to all potential users. GCOS is a long-term, user-driven operational system to provide the comprehensive observations required for monitoring the climate system, for detecting and attributing climate change, for assessing the impacts of climate variability and change, and for supporting research toward improved understanding and prediction of the climate system. It addresses the total climate system including physical, chemical and biological properties, and atmospheric, oceanic, terrestrial and cryospheric processes. It is co-sponsored by WMO, the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, the United Nations Environment Programme and the International Council for Science.
The Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) is a permanent global system for observations modelling and analysis of marine and ocean variables to support operational ocean services worldwide. GOOS provides accurate descriptions of the present state of the oceans, including living resources; continuous forecasts of the future conditions of the sea for as far ahead as possible, and the basis for forecasts of climate change. GOOS is sponsored by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, the United Nations Environment Programme, WMO and the International Council for Science.
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