Climate Observation Networks and Systems
Climate observations are sourced from the numerous meteorological and related observational networks and systems through out the world. It is these observations that provide the basis for applications such as weather forecasting, air pollution modelling and environmental impact assessments. Many observation stations are located at airports, such as the Mildura airport station, shown in the image to the right.
However not all climate observations are the same and some are considered of higher quality than others. There are three factors involved in collecting climate observations.
There are over 11,000 weather stations around the world measuring land, air and sea temperatures, as well as satellites, ships and aircraft that also take measurements. The stations all follow strict standards and 1040 of these stations have been selected to provide high quality climate data to quantify and detect global aspects of climate change.
The more stringent requirements on observation networks and systems for monitoring climate, including the detection of climate change, has led to the development of special networks at national (e.g. Reference Climate Stations), regional (e.g. Regional Basic Climatological Network) and global scales. (e.g. the Global Climate Observing System - GCOS - Surface Network, GSN).
[Further information] The GCOS list of climate observation stations – All 1040.
[More in depth information] The Regional Basic Climatological Network (RBCN) holds a list of all regional climate observation stations
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