Climate Services Introduction
Climate variability and change are posing significant challenges to societies worldwide. Timely communication of climate information helps prevent the economic setbacks and humanitarian disasters that can result from climate extremes and long term climate change.
Climate information also plays a crucial role in national development planning, for managing development opportunities and risks and for mitigation and adaptation. Efficient application of climate services requires that climate information become integrated into various sectors’ policies.
Climate services are the dissemination of climate information to the public or a specific user. They involve strong partnerships among providers, such as NMHSs, and stakeholders, including government agencies, private interests, and academia, for the purpose of interpreting and applying climate information for decision making, sustainable development, and improving climate information products, predictions, and outlooks.
WMO members provide a number of climate services at the global, regional and national level to a large variety of users including individual decision and policy makers as well as organizations such as National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHS), universities, and humanitarian organizations. These services are covered in more detail in the rest of the Climate Services section.
Sector Specific Services
Climate affects sectors in a variety of ways and many climate services are used differently for the different sectors. For example, the Health sector uses climate prediction services to provide early warnings and community information on extreme climate events such as heat waves. The Energy sector however, uses climate information to decide where and what type of powerplant should be built in a particular location.
[Further information] on the sector specific application of climate services can be found in the “Climate Application” webpages on this website.
The Global Framework for Climate Services
One of the main outcomes of the WCC-3 was a decision to establish a Global Framework for Climate Services to strengthen the provision and use of climate predictions, products and information worldwide.
The main components of the Global Framework for Climate Services are:
[More in depth information] The report of the high-level Task Force for the Global Framework for Climate Services is available here.
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