World Climate Conferences
During the 1960s and 1970s, a series of highly publicised climatic and environmental events, with disastrous consequences, demonstrated the fragility of world food production and trade systems and their dependence on the Earth’s climate system. In 1979, in response to these events, WMO, UNEP, FAO, UNESCO and WHO convened the First World Climate Conference (FWCC). The purpose of the conference was to assess the state of knowledge of climate and to consider the effects of climate variability and change on human society.
The First World Climate Conference followed a series of UN convened conferences during the 1970s: the United Nations Conference on Environment, Stockholm, 1972 which resulted in the establishment of UNEP; the UN World Food Conference, Rome, 1974, which recognized the central role of climate in world food production; the UN World Water Conference in Mar Del Plata, Argentina, 1976; the UN Conference on Desertification and the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) Resolution endorsing the WMO initiation of a World Climate Programme that drew attention to the global condition. Each conference identified climate impacts as a central concern. The First World Climate Conference led to the establishment of the World Climate Programme (WCP) and its research component, the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP).
[More in depth information] The WMO World Climate Programme website
[More in depth information] The WMO World Climate Research Programme website
The Second World Climate Conference (SWCC) co-sponsored by the WMO, UNEP, UNESCO, the UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC), FAO and the International Council for Science (ICSU) was convened in Geneva in 1990 with the objectives to review the work of the first decade of the WCP, the First Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and the development of an International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP). The outcome of the Conference, two years later, led to the establishment of the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS). The Conference Statement of SWCC endorsed four streams of international activities:
[More in depth information] on the Global Climate Observing System can be found here.
The World Climate Conference - 3 (WCC-3) was held in Geneva in 2009. The Conference aimed to respond to the need of users and sectors worldwide to reduce natural disasters, enhance food security and adapt to climate variability and change as spelled out in the Bali Action Plan, the Nairobi Work Programme and the Hyogo Framework for Action on Disaster Risk Reduction.
One of the main outcomes of the WCC-3 was a decision to establish a Global Framework for Climate Services to strengthen the provision and use of climate predictions, products and information worldwide.
The main components of the Global Framework for Climate Services are:
[More in depth information] More information about the World Climate Conference – 3 can be found on its website
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