Secretariat Support to Climate Services
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations. It is the UN system's authoritative voice on the state and behaviour of the Earth's atmosphere, its interaction with the oceans, the climate it produces and the resulting distribution of water resources.
WMO, with a membership of 189 Member States and Territories (as of December 2009), originated from the International Meteorological Organization (IMO), which was founded in 1873. Established in 1950, WMO became the specialized agency of the United Nations in 1951.
The WMO Secretariat has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. The main function of the secretariat is to provide world leadership in expertise and international cooperation in weather, climate, hydrology and water resources and related environmental issues, thereby contributing to the safety and well-being of people throughout the world and to the economic benefit of all nations.
It achieves this through several secretariat services:
The WMO facilitates worldwide cooperation in various areas including the establishment of networks of observations, addressing technical and scientific issues and advancements and the exchange and use of products and data. Many of these co-ordination aspects are addressed in expert meetings, workshops and conferences organized by the secretariat.
[Further information] about the numerous meetings and events hosted by the WMO can be found here.
The WMO Secretariat promotes the establishment and maintenance of systems for the rapid exchange of meteorological and related information.
[Further information] The WMO information System
[Further information] The Global Telecommunication System
[Further information] The Global Data Processing and Forecasting System
WMO produces guidance and recommendations and promotes the standardization of meteorological observations, data collection and management, and publication of observations and statistics, etc. WMO has published numerous guidelines to support Member activities.
Below are some example of these guidelines.
[More in depth information] Guide to Climatological Practices
[More in depth information] Guide to Global Observation System
[More in depth information] Guidelines on Climate Data Management
[More in depth information] Guide to Meteorological Instruments and Methods of Observations
[More in depth information] Evaluation and Documentation of the new Climate Data Management System(CDMSs)
Through its Education and Training Programme, WMO assists the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services, especially those of developing countries, in their efforts to contribute, in the most effective manner, to the development plans of their countries and to become full partners in global collaborative efforts. This includes the development of human resources through training, provision of educational material and the award of fellowships.
[More in depth information] on the training run by WMO can be found on the Education and Training Programme website.
[Further information] on WMO Capacity building activities can be found here.
The WMO also fosters collaboration between the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services of its Members as well as other research and meteorological organizations.
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