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Switzerland
Regional Association VI (Europe)

General Information

population 8 081 482 (*)
land area (km2) N/A
GDP (million USD) 685 434 (*)
WMO Member since 1949-02-23
QMS status whole NMS
decadal temp. anomalies (**) 1.11667 °C
local weatherweather forecast
* World Bank (2013) ** The Global climate (2001-2010)

Institutional Arrangements

National Meteorological or Hydrometeorological Service:

(MCH)
Website www.meteoschweiz.admin.ch
Responsible Ministry Federal Department of Home Affairs FDHA
PR with WMO Peter BINDER
International organizations (unknown)

Hydrology

National Hydrometeorological Service
Hydrological adviser Olivier OVERNEY

Aviation

Meteorological Authority
Meteorological service provider
Institutional information
Composition of the WMO (PUB5) update
Permanent Representative
BINDER Peter
Hydrological Adviser
OVERNEY Olivier Expert (Commission for Hydrology)
Commission for Aeronautical Meteorology
BUCHER-STUDER Kaspar Expert (Commission for Aeronautical Meteorology)
HAEFLIGER Marcel Expert (Commission for Aeronautical Meteorology)
BAER Olivier Expert (Commission for Aeronautical Meteorology)
Commission for Basic Systems
GRUETER Estelle Expert (Commission for Basic Systems)
Commission for Hydrology
OVERNEY Olivier Expert (Commission for Hydrology)
Commission for Atmospheric Sciences
KLAUSEN Jörg Expert (Commission for Atmospheric Sciences)
Commission for Instruments and Methods of Observation
CALPINI Bertrand President (Commission for Instruments and Methods of Observation)
Commission for Climatology
CROCI-MASPOLI Mischa Expert (Commission for Climatology)
Institutional Information update
Title of the National Meteorological or Hydrometeorological Service (NMS)MeteoSwiss - Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology
Title of institution with authority over NMSFederal Department of Home Affairs FDHA
Legal status of the NMSGovernment or state owned, providing Public Weather Service (PWS) or other services to the state or to the public only (commercial activities not allowed)
Legislative act regulating meteorology (or hydrometeorology)Law
NMS areas of responsibilitiesMeteorologyClimate
Provision of meteorological services for aviationThe Service is the Meteorological Authority (as per ICAO Annex 3) and also the met service provider for aviation
Title of primary legislative act determining NMS functionsFederal Law on Meteorology and Climatology
Other regulatory framework applicable to NMS functionsFederal Decree on Meteorology and Climatology; Federal Decree on Air Navigation Services
Mandate for provision of climate servicesYes
Unit dedicated to climate-related activitiesYes
NMS is the sole authority for providing climate services in the countryNo
Other organizations (governmental, academic, private, commercial, etc.) providing climate services in the countryPrivate/Commercial organizations; Universities and other academic institutions
National drought policyNo
Gender distribution of staffTotal:339Male:236Female:103
Number of staff by professional category
Management: Male:36,Female:11,Total:47
Meteorologists: Male:31,Female:11,Total:42
Meteorological Technicians: Male:37,Female:5,Total:42
Hydrologists: Male:0,Female:0,Total:0
Hydrological Technicians: Male:0,Female:0,Total:0
Climatologists/Climate Services: Male:8,Female:12,Total:20
Researchers: Male:24,Female:11,Total:35
Support Staff: Male:40,Female:43,Total:83
Other: Male:60,Female:10,Total:70
Number of staff with university degreeTotal:Male:Female:
Number of staff by age categoryLess than 20 years:120-30 years:1530-40 years:6840-50 years:127Over 50 years:128
Number of staff due to retire in next 5 yearsManagement:2Meteorologist:3Meteorological Technician:3Hydrologist:0Hydrological Technician:0Climatologist/Climate Services:0Researchers:2Support Staff:3Other:1
Staffing trend in recent 3-5 yearsNo significant year-to-year change
Areas in which NMS staff training is needed (in order of priority)1:Aviation Meteorology2:base AMF foundation topics with national focus3:Winter Weather (snow, fog, storm cyclones)4:Warnings
Fellowships requested under the WMO Fellowship Programme in 2016-2017No
Total annual budgetCHF 104.5 million (year 2016)
Main sources of fundingGovernment
Percentage of budget coming from non-government budget45.2
Budget trend in the recent 3-5 yearsNo significant year-to-year change
Sources of funding for improving the hydrometeorological infrastructure, etc.none
Development/strategic plan in place in NMS, covering the next 3-5 yearsYes
Communications capacity and outreachA press relations office that regularly interacts with the pressA presence on social media channelsA capacity for reaching out to the general public through information materials, activities, etc.
Quality Management System (QMS) in useYes
Status of QMS implementationQMS implemented for the whole NMS
National committee or platform composed of ministries, agencies and other stakeholders in place at the national ro sub-national levels, which coordinates Disaster Risk Reduction activitiesYes
NMS membership in national committee or platform coordinating DRR activitiesYes
Multi-Hazard Early Warning System (MHEWS) in place in the countryYes
Monitoring and forecasting systems in place for multiple hazards occurring simultaneously or cumulatively over timeYes
MHEWS warning of potential cascading impactsYes
Number of people per 100,000 covered by early warning information through local governments or through national dissemination mechanisms in your countryTotal:100000Men:51000Women:49000
Percentage of local governments in the country having a plan to act on early warnings100%
Accessible, understandable, usable and relevant disaster risk information and assessment available to people at the national and local levelsYes
NMS contribution and/or engagement in these risk assessmentsYes
Hazard, exposure and vulnerabilty information used in country as an input into emergency planning and the development of warning messagesYes
Performance of MHEWS evaluated in the countryYes
Feedback and lessons learned translated into improvements of the MHEWSYes
NMS engaged in performance reviews of the national MHEWS/DRR platformYes
A national WIGOS governance mechanism in placeNo
A national WIGOS partnership agreement in place for integration and open-sharing of observations from NMS and non-NMS sources
Number of staff trained in OSCAR/Surface5
A national process in place for acting on quality problem information received from the WIGOS Data Quality Monitoring SystemYes
A National WIGOS Implementation Plan adopted/approvedNo
Communication systems used to access data and productsWIS dedicated networks (World Weeather Watch GTS)Private or dedicated lines to centres (other than GTS links)RMDCM
Country participation in WMO Voluntary Observing Ship (VOS) scheme for the collection and transmission of meteorological observations at seaNo
Number of marine meteorological and oceanographic observing stations operated in the countryBy NMS:0By institutional partners (non_NMS):By private partners:
Marine meteorological and oceanographic observing data shared and exchanged with WMO
Collaborative agreements or partnerships in the country concerning integrated marine meteorological and oceanographic observations
Status of climate data rescue at NMSMost - > 75% data rescued
Services provided by NMSPublic Weather Services
Warning Services:(Impact-based forecast and warning servicesSevere weather forecasting, incl. in the ArcticExtreme heat)
Climate ServicesAviation Services
Marine Services:()
Hydrological Services:()
Climate ResearchOther hydrological (please specify) :Other any type (please specify):
Impact-based forecast and warning services produced/provided by NMSYes
NMS involvement in a drought monitoring and early warning systemNo
NMS use of a Flash Flood Guidance System for issuing flash flood warningsNo
Preparation and dissemination of marine forecasts or warning services by NMS as a Preparation Service of the Worldwide Met-Ocean Information and Warning Service (WWMIWS) within the framework of the Global Marine Distress and Safety System (GMDSS)Not applicable
Forecasts and warnings received by NMS from the marine MetArea Issuing Service under GMDSSNot applicable
NMS use of cooperative mechanisms, such as mentoring and sharing of expertise, in order to support Members in need to resolve existing deficiencies in the provision of marine meteorological servicesNot applicable
User communities/sectors to which NMS provides climate products/information and estimated importance of users in various sectors for the NMS
Sector: Government Rating: 4Services: data services,climate monitoring ,climate analysis and diagnostics,climate change projections,tailored products
Sector: Local authoritiesRating: 4Services: data services,climate monitoring ,climate analysis and diagnostics,climate change projections,tailored products
Sector: ScientificRating: 4Services: data services,climate monitoring ,climate analysis and diagnostics,climate change projections,tailored products
National Hydrological Service (NHS) combined with the National Meteorological Service in a single entity
Exact title of NHS
Title of the institution with the authority over the service
Legal status of the NHS
Name(s) of the main institution(s) responsible for operational hydrology
Legislative act regulating hydrology (or hydrometeorology, or similar) in the country
Title of the primary legislative act determining the NHS mandate
NHS areas of responsibility
Flood management plan(s) established or under developmentYes
NHS membership in a national committee or platform coordinating disaster risk reduction activities
Gender distribution of NHS staffTotal:Male:Female:
Number of NHS staff (by professional category)
Management: Male:,Female:,Total:
Hydrologists: Male:,Female:,Total:
Hydrological Technicians: Male:,Female:,Total:
Climatologists/Climate Services: Male:,Female:,Total:
Researchers: Male:,Female:,Total:
Support Staff: Male:,Female:,Total:
Other: Male:,Female:,Total:
Number of NHS staff with university degree
Number of NHS staff by age categoryLess than 20 years:20-30 years:30-40 years:40-50 years:Over 50 years:
Number of NHS staff due to retire in the next 5 yearsManagement:Hydrologist:Hydrological Technician:Climatologist/Climate Services:Researchers:Support Staff:Other:
Staffing trend in the recent 3-5 years
Fellowships requested by NHS under the WMO Fellowships Programme in 2016-2017
Total annual budget of the NHS
Main sources of funding
Percentage of budget coming from non-government budget
Trend of the government component of the budget during the recent 3-5 yearsNo significant year-to-year change
Sources of funding for improving the hydrological infrastructure, etc.
Quality Management System (QMS) for hydrology in use in the country
Status of QMS implementation
Impact-based forecast and warning services produced/provided by NHS staff
Flash flood warnings issued by NMS
Flash Flood Guidance System used for issuing flash flood warnings
Access to quantitative subseasonal or seasonal hydrological forecasts by sectoral users in the country
Use of flood hazard, exposure and vulnerability information in the country to carry-out risk assessments at the national, provincial and local levels
Relationships maintained by NHS with users of information products to understand their needs and level of satisfaction with the services provided
Regional Working Structure updateNo data available
Commissions update
Focal Points update

Coordinator on Satcom issues

No Focal Point nominated

Coordinator on Satellite Data Requirements

No Focal Point nominated

DRR Focal Points of RAs, TCs and TPs

No Focal Point nominated

Focal point for Global Cryosphere Watch

No Focal Point nominated

Focal Points for Education and Training

No Focal Point nominated

Focal Points for Gender

No Focal Point nominated

Focal Points for Information and Public Affairs

No Focal Point nominated

Focal Points for Joint Coordination on Satellite Data Requirements

No Focal Point nominated

Focal Points for RTH

No Focal Point nominated

Focal Points for WIS IT Security Matters

No Focal Point nominated

Focal Points for WIS Metadata matters

NameCountryRole
GRUETER Estelle Switzerland Focal point

Focal Points of CBS Lead Centers on Data Quality Monitoring (Land Surface)

No Focal Point nominated

Focal Points on Global Telecommunications System matters

NameCountryRole
GRUETER Estelle Switzerland Focal point

METAREA Coordinators

No Focal Point nominated

National Focal Point for Weather Radar Metadata

NameCountryRole
CLEMENTI Lorenzo Switzerland Focal point

National Focal Points for Codes and Data Representation Matters

NameCountryRole
GRUETER Estelle Switzerland Focal point

National Focal Points for Monitoring and Evaluation system

NameCountryRole
KELLER Manuel Switzerland Focal point

National Focal Points for OSCAR/Surface

NameCountryRole
GRUETER Estelle Switzerland Focal point

National Focal Points for PWS

No Focal Point nominated

National Focal Points for the Country Profile Database

NameCountryRole
KELLER Manuel Switzerland Focal point

National Focal Points for the RMDCN

No Focal Point nominated

National Focal Points for the Severe Weather Forecasting Demonstration Project

No Focal Point nominated

National Focal Points for WIGOS

NameCountryRole
GRUTER Estelle Switzerland Focal point

National Focal Points on Matters Related to the Regional Basic Synoptic Network (RBSN)

NameCountryRole
GRUETER Estelle Switzerland Focal point

National Focal Points on the Implementation Plan for the Evolution of the Global Observing System (EGOS-IP)

NameCountryRole
GRUETER Estelle Switzerland Focal point

National Gender Focal Points

NameCountryRole
PREISE Simone Switzerland Focal point

National Marine Services Focal Points

No Focal Point nominated

RA IV Focal Points for GCOS

No Focal Point nominated

SWFDP Regional Specialised Meteorological Centre Focal Points

No Focal Point nominated

WMO AMDAR Focal Points

No Focal Point nominated

Observations
Surface and upper-air stations (OSCAR/Surface) update
Catalogue of Meteorological Bulletins (Volume C1) updateNo data available
Radars update
Global Atmosphere Watch - Stations update
Monitoring update

WIGOS data quality monitoring (details)

WIS Availability & monitoring (details)

World Wide Weather data submission monitoring (details)

Country information
WMO Information System update

WIS centres

Name Centre type Principal GISC Secondary GISC CBS Endorsement Technical Commission Manual on WIS status
NMC  NC  Offenbach    Approved by Cg/EC  CBS  Equals WIS Manual 

GTS links

remote endpoint type speed national endpoint
Offenbach  IP  128  Zurich 

Availability & monitoring

INFOHYDRO update

Federal Office for the Environment, Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology

Responsible organization

NameFederal Office for the Environment, Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology
AddressFederal Office for the Environment, Hydrology Division, Dr. O. Overney, CH-3003 Bern, Switzerland
Websitehttp://www.bafu.admin.ch
Full profileInfohydro profile page
Last updated2016-03-17

Protocol options

General hydrologyyes
Hydropoweryes
Agricultureyes
Water supplyyes
Flood controlyes
Pollution controlyes
Navigationyes

Coverage

National

Types of stations operated

Hydrometricyes
Groundwateryes
Climateyes
Snowyes
Lake levelsyes
Glaciersyes
Estuariesno
Ice thicknessyes
Soil moistureyes
Sedimentyes
Water qualityyes
Bio diversityno

Geographical descriptors

General climatetemperate zone
Mean annual precip.1456 mm (1901-1980)
Standard deviation- mm
Regional Centres update

For WMO Information System centres please also see the widget "WMO Information System" above

Name Type City
Regional Radiation Centre   RRC   Davos    
World Radiation Centre   WRC   Davos    
WMO Library update
Climate Normals (1961-1990) update

Station: ZUERICH / FLUNTERN

Station: SAENTIS

Station: GENEVE-COINTRIN

Station: LUGANO

Alerting Authorities Registry (CAP) update
Title Description More Info
Switzerland: Federal Office for Civil Protection, National Emergency Operation Centre, Nationale Alarmzentrale, Bundesamt für Bevölkerungsschutz   A WMO Member [Switzerland] identifies Federal Office for Civil Protection, National Emergency Operation Centre, Nationale Alarmzentrale, Bundesamt für Bevölkerungsschutz as an alerting authority for hazard threats of these CAP categories: CBRNE.   http://alerting.worldweather.org/authorities.php?recId=281
Switzerland: WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF, WSL-Institut für Schnee- und Lawinenforschung SLF   A WMO Member [Switzerland] identifies WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF, WSL-Institut für Schnee- und Lawinenforschung SLF as an alerting authority for hazard threats of these CAP categories: Met.   http://alerting.worldweather.org/authorities.php?recId=264
Switzerland: Swiss Seismological Service, Schweizerischer Erdbebendienst   A WMO Member [Switzerland] identifies Swiss Seismological Service, Schweizerischer Erdbebendienst as an alerting authority for hazard threats of these CAP categories: Geo.   http://alerting.worldweather.org/authorities.php?recId=263
Switzerland: Federal Office for the Environment, Bundesamt für Umwelt   A WMO Member [Switzerland] identifies Federal Office for the Environment, Bundesamt für Umwelt as an alerting authority for hazard threats of these CAP categories: Geo Met Fire.   http://alerting.worldweather.org/authorities.php?recId=161
Switzerland: MeteoSwiss, Bundesamt für Meteorologie und Klimatologie   A WMO Member [Switzerland] identifies MeteoSwiss, Bundesamt für Meteorologie und Klimatologie as an alerting authority for hazard threats of these CAP categories: Met.   http://alerting.worldweather.org/authorities.php?recId=160
Cooperation
VCP Requests update
Supported country Status Year Description Project ID
Mauritius  Completed 2010  2008-01  Provision of 800 radiosondes for wind, temperature and humidity observations in the South West Indian Ocean  OB/1/2/5 
Zimbabwe  Completed 2010  2010-01  Supply of 400 radiosondes and upgrade of the upper-air sonding station  OB/1/2/5 
Sudan  Completed  2011-01  Radiosonde transmitters and balloons  OB/1/2/16 
Fellowships update

Hosted Fellowships

Training Institution Purpose of study Home Country Description Type of study Study period
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)  To visit WMO Secretariat, Geneva, from 12 to 15 June 2005.  Croatia Meteorology  Meteorological Administration  2005-06 - 2005-06 
WMO Secretariat, M‚t‚o-France, Tunisia Met  To undertake a study tour of WMO Secretariat, M‚t‚o-France in Paris and Toulouse and Tunisia Meteorological Service.  Senegal Meteorology  Meteorological Administration  2006-02 - 2006-02 
WMO, Met Office and Tanzania Meteorological Agency  To undertake a Study Tour to WMO HQs., Geneva, Met Office, United Kingdom and Tanzania Meteorological Agency, from 7 to 16 August 2005.  Zambia Meteorology  Meteorological Administration  2005-08 - 2005-08 
WMO Headquarters  Study tour to WMO, Met Services of Belgium and Senegal.  Burundi Meteorology  Meteorological Administration  2004-12 - 2004-12 
National Institute of Meteorology  Tour to be rescheduled based on the request of the PR  Tunisia Meteorology  Meteorological Administration  2005-08 - 2005-08 
WMO  Study tour to WMO HQs.  Malta Meteorology  Meteorological Administration  2004-04 - 2004-04 
WMO Secretariat  Study tour to accompany new PR of South Africa, Mr Lengoasa.  South Africa Meteorology  Others (Specify)  2003-04 - 2003-04 
WMO Secretariat    South Africa Meteorology  Meteorological Administration  2003-04 - 2003-04 
WMO Secretariat, NMS Germany and Morocco  To undertake a study tour of WMO Secretariat and NMSs of Germany and Morroco.Forced prolongation upto 17 November 2004 because of cancellation of flights to Cote d'Ivoire due to national unrest.  Côte d'Ivoire Meteorology  Meteorological Administration  2004-10 - 2004-11 
WMO Secretariat, M‚t‚o-France, NMS Senegal  To undertake a study tour of WMO Secretariat, M‚t‚o-France and NMS Senegal.  Guinea-Bissau Meteorology  Others (Specify)  2005-04 - 2005-04 
GFCS Projects update

Projects implemented by this country

Supported countries Title Description Status
Peru
 
CLIMANDES The project CLIMANDES-2 (Servicios climáticos con énfasis en los Andes en apoyo a las decisiones) strengthens the existing partnership ties and exchange of knowledge between the two mountainous countries Switzerland and Peru. It is a project of the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS). The joint project activities support the Peruvian weather service (SENAMHI) and the WMO training centre at La Molina University (UNALM) in Lima. It has a strategic focus on the regionalization and thus is actively supporting transboundary and interregional cooperation.The project consists of three complementary modules, which are further described in the Status of Implementation tab. Read the latest Climandes newsletter More information on Climandes    Active 
Projects updateNo data available