National Framework for Climate Services (NFCS), which is part of the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) led by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), is a coordinating mechanism that enables the development and delivery of climate services at national level. Established NFCS is key to improved risk management, through development and incorporation of science-based climate information and prediction into decision- and policy-making.
Climate information and services are crucial for decision-makers at all levels working on integrated medium and long-term planning. NFCS illustrates the critical importance of climate information in scaling up climate adaptation. It also facilitates multisectoral coordination to devise measures based on specific domestic circumstances and capabilities and relevant scientific data.
NFCS contributes to the implementation of the Paris Agreement that calls for science-based research and systematic observations (Article 7.7c). In supporting the implementation of Paris Agreement, NFCS complements National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) in medium- and long-term adaptation to climate impacts. NAPs elements that require effective and timely climate services include assessment of climate vulnerabilities and identification of adaptation options, development of products that help improve the understanding of climate and its impacts, and enhancement of capacity for planning and implementation of adaptation for climate-sensitive sectors.
The Paris Agreement (Article 4, paragraph 2) requires each Party to prepare, communicate and maintain successive nationally determined contributions (NDCs) that it intends to achieve. NFCS mechanism supports countries in meeting this requirement by ensuring delivery of multisectoral climate information and services to policy-makers. This is based on national and international data on temperature, rainfall, wind, soil moisture, and ocean conditions, maps, risk and vulnerability analyses, assessments, long-term projections, and scenarios as well as non-meteorological data, such as agricultural production, health trends, population distribution in high-risk areas, road and infrastructure maps, and other socio-economic variables.
The goal of limiting the temperature increase to 1.5 °C is integral to economic, social, and environmental dimensions of sustainable development (2030 Agenda, 2015). Climate services create added value for future progress in this area. Increasingly more countries see the benefits of replicating NFCS mechanism in their national contexts.
The GFCS Office and GFCS Regional Office in Dakar Senegal provide expertise to support countries’ national consultation towards the implementation of the NFCSs, including Tanzania, Moldova, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Gambia, Togo, Ethiopia, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, Benin, Colombia, among others (see full list of countries implementing NFCSs here). GFCS support to this process involves:
- ensuring vulnerable communities’ representation and full participation in the development of the NFCS;
- delivering the road map for the development of a strategical and action plan of the National Framework of Climate Services (agriculture, DRR, water resources, meteorology, health, energy, transport, tourism);
- delivering recommendations for the jointly monitoring and the evaluation of the development of the strategical and action plan;
- follow-up and assessment of the development of the strategic and action plans of the NFCS;
- assisting the preparation and the tenure of the national workshop of the validation of the strategical and action plan of the NFCS; sensitizing and getting the support of the top Government officers, stakeholders, UN Agencies and others Technical and Financial Partners, NGOs Civil Society for the sustainable implementation and operationalization of the NFCS action plan; and
- assisting NMHSs' permanent representatives with WMO with the political endorsement of the NFCS and resource mobilization for the implementation of the action plan.
In this context, the GFCS Office has provided direct support to and attended the following events:
- 23-24 August 2018 Tanzania (Step 5) national consultation on climate services. WMO Press Release: https://public.wmo.int/en/media/news/tanzania-launches-national-framework-climate-services.
- 26-27 July 2018 Chisinau, Moldova (Step 1) national consultation. Report: https://zoinet.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Climate-Services-Moldova-WEB.pdf.
- 11-12 July 2018 Conakry, Guinea (Step 2) national consultation Materials: http://www.wmo.int/gfcs/NatConGuinea.
- 3-5 July 2018 Mansoa, Guinea Bissau (Step 2) national consultation. Materials: http://www.wmo.int/gfcs/NatConGuineaBissau.
- 26-27 June 2018 Banjul, Gambia (Step 2) national consultation. Materials: http://www.wmo.int/gfcs/NatConGambia.
- 29-31 May 2018 Lome, Togo (Step 1) national consultation Materials: http://www.wmo.int/gfcs/NatConTogo.
- 26-27 April 2018 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (Step 5) national consultation organized by the NMS of Ethiopia. Materials: http://www.wmo.int/gfcs/node/1161. News item: http://www.wmo.int/gfcs/node/1183.
- 19 February in Nouakchott, Mauritania (Step 2) national consultation organized by the Mauritania NMS. Materials: http://www.wmo.int/gfcs/PromMauretania.
- NFCS training under ‘Climate Services for Increased Resilience in the Sahel’ was organized on 13-15 February 2018 by ACMAD in Niamey, Niger (Step 5).
- 5-7 December 2017 in Kigali, Rwanda (Step 2) national consultation on Climate Services. Materials: http://www.wmo.int/gfcs/national-consultation-rwanda.
- 22-27 November 2017 in Cotonou, Benin (Step 2) national consultation. Materials: http://www.wmo.int/gfcs/national-consultation-benin.
- 22-24 August 2017 in Brazzaville, Congo (Step 2) national consultation.
- 1-3 November 2017 in Bogota, Colombia (Step 2) national consultation. The consultations followed the Technical Workshop and meetings to prepare WMO Adaptation Fund project ‘Enhancing Adaptive Capacity of Andean Communities through Climate Services (ENANDES) Countries: Chile, Colombia, Peru’, the implementation of which the NFCS will support.