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Meeting of the WMO/FAO Regional Workshop for Anglophone Countries on Meteorological Information for Locust Monitoring and Control

Muscat, Oman
8-12 April 2006


Meeting Report Programme Introductory note
Participants Weather Products Needed Recommendations


Presentations (in pdf)

Meteorological Information for Locust Monitoring and Control by R. Stefanski, WMO (1.90 MB PDF)

Meteorological Information for Locust Monitoring and Control – The Experience of FAO by K. Cressman, FAO (5.60 MB PDF)

Using WAMIS for Meteorological Data in Locust Monitoring and Control  by R. Stefanski, WMO (0.6 MB PDF)

Using the RAMSES Geographical Information System  by K. Cressman, FAO (1.7 MB PDF)

Summary of Weather Products Needed

  • Daily Rainfall, Maximum and Minimum temperature weather station data to be sent by email from NMHS to the NLCC as an email attachment. The information must in a standard format for easy import into RAMSES. The information provided includes: 
    • Station number 
    • Station name 
    • Country Date (DDMMYYYY, where DD is the two digit day, MM is the two digit month, and YYYY is the four digit year)
      Latitude and Longitude (decimal degrees) 
    • Daily Maximum Temperature in degrees Celsuis 
    • Daily Minimum Temperature in degrees Celsuis 
    • Daily (24 hour total) rainfall in millimetres 

  • Areal Rainfall Estimate Map Product for the last 24 hours. At first the map products can be graphic image files (JPG, GIF or PNG), but the goal is to provide digitial and georeferenced maps for use into RAMSES. The ultimate goal is to provide maps for each country. Rainfall location is more important than quantity of rainfall. 
    • Satellite rainfall estimates (Oman, Sudan, Egypt, and India will be able provide) 
    • 00 Hour Rainfall Forecast from Numerical Weather Prediction Models (India, Pakistan, Egypt, Sudan, and Oman can provide)

  • 24 hours Rainfall forecast (same format as above) Map product 
  • 5 Day Rainfall forecast to be provided twice a week (same format as above) 
  • Maximum and Minimum Temperature Forecasts for the current and next day 
  • Latest Forecast of Winds at the Surface and 850 hPa. (1.5 km) for the morning and afternoon when swarms are present or when control operations are in progress (Egypt, Eritrea, India, Libya, Oman, Pakistan, and Sudan can provide) 
    • Some of these products are available on Internet 
    • Ultimate goal is to provide digital gridded data for input into RAMSES Position of the ITCZ during the summer season (Sudan and India can provide) 

  • During recession periods, decadal positions During swarms events, daily positions are needed


  1. Organize a meeting between the NMHS and NLCC to discuss future collaboration 
  2. Establish a high level formal agreement between NMHSs and NLCCs 
  3. Establish a joint task force between NMHSs and NLCCs
  4. Establish focal points in NMHS and NLCC 
  5. Establish format and delivery of weather products 
  6. Encourage and establish local collaboration (encourage locust officers in towns with Meteorological Stations to meet the meteorological staff) 
  7. NLCC to routinely acknowledge the assistance and data from NMHS in bulletins and other media
  8. If needed, International agencies (FAO & WMO) will facilitate collaboration between NMHSs and NLCCs 
  9. Egypt and Oman will be considered as a provider for assistance in NWP and satellite products to the NLCCs in neighboring countries in their respective regions 
  10. Organize training course for NLCC and NMHS personnel 
  11. Develop basic training course for NLCC on how to understand weather products (with WMO assistance if needed) 
  12. Develop standard manuals for workshop targeted towards NLCC personnel (with WMO assistance if needed) 
  13. Develop basic training course for NMHS personnel on locust issues 
  14. NLCCs to improve the speed and reliability of their Internet connection in order to receive and download meteorological products 
  15. The NLCCs should approach other potential data sources and make agreements with other agencies 
  16. Encourage an exchange of personnel between NLCC and NMHSs 
  17. Develop the NMHS facilities and capabilities to produce information requirements of the NLCCs 
  18. International organizations to provide capacity building (equipment, training) for countries not able to provide satellite and NWP products 
  19. Explore the feasibility of increasing the number of real-time rain gauge stations 
  20. Provide regional workshops between NMHSs and NLCCs every few years 
  21. Provide links between FAO and WMO websites 
  22. WMO and FAO to prepare a joint brochure on locust meteorology for decision-makers, donors and the general public.




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